TOEFL is conducted in both online and offline mode to check a candidate’s proficiency in the English language. Students can apply for TOEFL 50 times in a year, depending on the country and region.
- TOEFL is taken by candidates whose native language is not English.
- Aspirants can take TOEFL as many times they want but not more than once in a period of 12 days.
- The exam is conducted by Educational Testing Service (ETS).
- TOEFL is of 2 types: - TOEFL iBT (Internet-based test) and TOEFL PBT (paper-based test).
- It is held on Saturdays and Sundays.
TOEFL score is accepted by more than 9,000 institutions and universities across 130 countries. TOEFL (Test of English as a foreign language) is held at 45000 test centers in 165 countries all over the world.
TOEFL Exam Highlights Table
|Exam Name||Test of English as a Foreign Language|
|Level of the exam||International level test|
|Conducting Body||Educational Testing Service (ETS)|
|Duration of exam||4.5 hours|
|Number of Sections||4 Sections (Reading, Listening, Speaking and Writing)|
|Score Range||0 to 30 for each section|
|TOEFL Test Centers||4500 across the world|
There is no set TOEFL eligibility criteria set by ETS conducting authority. TOEFL is open to all the candidates.This test can be taken by –
- Any student who is planning to pursue higher education in another country where the native language is English can apply.
- A candidate who has passed his or her HSC examination or equivalent from a recognized board.
TOEFL Registration can be done in three ways – via mail, via phone, or online. Candidates can opt to register through any of the 3 options as per their discretion. TOEFL Application Form will also be available online post completion of registration process.
TOEFL Online Application
- Candidates must ensure that the name they enter while registering is exactly the same as the name on the identification document.
- They will be required to provide at least one form of identification before they will be allowed to register.
- The registration fee can be paid using a credit or a debit card. Accepted cards are American Express, Discover, JCB, MasterCard, and VISA.
- The fee can also be paid using a PayPal account.
- Alternatively, the candidate can also make use of an electronic check in case they have a bank account in the USA or its territories.
- The process of registration will end a week before the test date.
- Late registration will be open until four days before the test date and will incur a fine of US $40.
TOEFL Registration by Phone
- Students are advised to review the registration form before they place the call for registering.
- They should visit www.ets.org/toefl/contact to find the contact number for Regional Registration Centre (RRC).
- Payment of registration fee can be done using a credit card, a debit card or an e-check.
- Registration will end a week before the test date.
- The process of late registration via phone will end at 5 p.m. local test center time on the business day before the test. A late fee of US $40 will be applicable.
TOEFL Registration by Mail
- The candidate will be required to download and fill out TOEFL registration form.
- There are certain codes that the candidate will have to fill in the form manually and they can be found on the official website.
- The choice of payment option can be made from among the ones mentioned in the form.
- Candidates have to mail the filled form and payment to the RRC and it must reach them at least four weeks before the test date.
- In case, a candidate does not receive a confirmation, he/she must call the RRC at least three business days before the deadline for registration.
TOEFL Exam Fee
The cost to appear for TOEFL test is different for different cities depending on their location in the world. In India, the TOEFL Registration cum test fee is UD $170. In case a candidate opts for late registration, he/she would be required to pay an additional amount of US $40, as late fee. The candidates can remit the fee through Debit/Credit Card, Electronic Check (for the US and its territories), PayPal account, Paper Checks (Personal paper checks, Euro Checks and Checks in Canadian Dollars) and Western-Union Quick Pay.
TOEFL Test Centers
There are over 60 cities in India where TOEFL test is conducted. Unlike other entrance examinations held in the country, the candidate has the liberty to choose his test center and test date according to his schedule and availability.
The complete list of Indian test cities for TOEFL is provided below.
|TOEFL Test Centers||TOEFL Test Centers||TOEFL Test Centers||TOEFL Test Centers|
|CHENNAI -||Jalandhar||Navi Mumbai||Udaipur|
|Chandigarh UT||Kolhapur||Nizamabad||Vallabh Vidyanagar|
TOEFL Test Pattern
TOEFL is conducted in both online and offline mode. Candidates can choose from either mode. The duration of the test is a maximum of four and a half hours and this includes the check-in time. The test has four main sections – Reading, Listening, Speaking and Writing.The break-up of different test sections is shown below.
|Section||Duration (in minutes)||Number of Ques.||Description|
|Reading||60 to 80||35 to 36||Answer questions from 3 to 4 passages|
|Listening||60 to 90||34 to 51||Answer questions based on lectures, classroom discussions, and conversations that are played|
|Speaking||20||6 tasks||Speak on some topics|
|Writing||50||2 tasks||Write essays on given topics|
The TOEFL Reading section will consist of about four passage sets whose content may pertain to academic topics and the candidate will have to answer the questions that follow. The Listening section will comprise of short audio pieces that will be played and the candidate will have to answer the presented questions after listening to them. There will be a break of ten minutes after the first two sections are over.
The TOEFL Speaking section may have an audio presenting the question and the candidate would be required to speak his answer. There may even be a topic presented, based on reading or listening exercises that the candidate would need to speak about. The Writing section will test the writing skills of the candidate where based on the listening or reading topics, he would need to write his responses in the form of essays.
The audio that is played during the listening and speaking sections may feature speakers from different nativities with their unique accents, such as British, Australian, American and New Zealand speakers. This is done to ensure that the candidate is familiar with various tones of speaking around the world and can understand and have a conversation with such people.
The candidate must practice writing using a computer keyboard so as to increase his typing speed for the Writing section of TOEFL test. A QWERTY keyboard will be provided to the test-takers during the exam. The candidate must also watch various different English news channels to get better accustomed to hearing several types of inflections and accents. There will be no negative marking in the TOEFL exam as per the TOEFL Pattern.
TOEFL Scoring System
It is important for the candidate to understand the marking scheme of TOEFL test. This will help them perform in a way that is targeted at maximizing the overall score obtained in the exam.
The marking for Reading and Listening sections is done by a computer and the range of marks allotted is from 0 to 30. On the other hand, the Speaking section has a total of six tasks and each one of these is rated from 0 to 4. The sum of all tasks combined is scaled so as to lie in the range of 0 to 30. The Writing section has two tasks that are rated from 0 to 5 and as in the previous sections; the sum of the score is scaled such that it falls in the range of 0 to 30.
For the purpose of evaluating the candidate’s performance in the Speaking section, test scorers who have been specially certified by ETS are used to rate the candidate’s responses. In the TOEFL Writing section, both ETS approved test scores and eRater are used to evaluate the candidate’s answers.
The break-up of TOEFLScores for all sections is as shown below:
|Section||Score||Level of Expertise|
|Reading||0-30||A score of 22 to 30: High level A score of 15 to 21: Intermediate level A score of 0 to 14: Low level|
|Listening||0-30||A score of 22 to 30: High level A score of 15 to 21: Intermediate level A score of 0 to 14: Low level|
|Speaking||0-30||A score of 26 to 30: Good level A score of 18 to 25: Fair level A score of 10to 17: Limited level A score of 0 to 9: Weak level|
|Writing||0-30||A score of 24 to 30: Good level A score of 17 to 23: Fair level A score of 1 to 16: Limited level|
In the Writing Section, the candidate is tested for qualities such as the development of the written piece, organization of the content, grammar and vocabulary of the language, accuracy, and completeness of the message delivered. Similarly, in the Speaking section, candidate’s ability to build and mold the topic and finally deliver the message is assessed. A candidate is marked out of a potential score of 120 and depending on how much he scores in each section, his level of expertise can be determined for different skills.