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GATE 2017 Chemistry Syllabus

Last Updated - January 23, 2017

GATE Chemistry syllabus will have general aptitude and core chemistry topics. GATE 2017 exam for Chemistry will be of three hours. There will 65 questions asked in the exam. The total for 65 questions is 100 marks. There is negative marking for every incorrect response. The 85% of exam consists of core chemistry questions and 15% of exam consists of general aptitude questions. GATE 2017 exam is to held on February 4 – 12, 2017. Aspiring candidates for GATE Chemistry exam can read the complete syllabus of the same exam in this article.

GATE 2017 Syllabus for Chemistry

GATE Syllabus for Chemistry consists of three sections. The sections are Physical Chemistry, Inorganic chemistry and Organic Chemistry. Here, we are providing the complete syllabus of Chemistry for GATE exam which are given below:

Section 1 - Physical Chemistry

Structure: Postulates of quantum mechanics. Time dependent and time independent Schrödinger equations. Born interpretation. Particle in a box. Harmonic oscillator. Rigid rotor. Hydrogen atom: atomic orbitals.

Multi-electron atoms: orbital approximation. Variation and first order perturbation techniques. Chemical bonding: Valence bond theory and LCAO-MO theory. Hybrid orbitals. Applications of LCAO-MOT to H2+, H2 and other homonuclear diatomic molecules, heteronuclear diatomic molecules like HF, CO, NO, and to simple delocalized π– electron systems. Huckel approximation and its application to annular π – electron systems. Symmetry elements and operations. Point groups and character tables. Origin of selection rules for rotational, vibrational, electronic and Raman spectroscopy of diatomic and polyatomic molecules. Einstein coefficients. Relationship of transition moment integral with molar extinction coefficient and oscillator strength.

Basic principles of nuclear magnetic resonance: nuclear g factor, chemical shift, nuclear coupling.

Equilibrium: Laws of thermodynamics. Standard states. Thermochemistry.

Thermodynamic functions and their relationships: Gibbs-Helmholtz and Maxwell relations, van’t Hoff equation. Criteria of spontaneity and equilibrium. Absolute entropy. Partial molar quantities. Thermodynamics of mixing. Chemical potential. Fugacity, activity and activity coefficients. Chemical equilibria. Dependence of equilibrium constant on temperature and pressure. Non-ideal solutions. Ionic mobility and conductivity. Debye-Huckel limiting law. Debye-Huckel-Onsager equation. Standard electrode potentials and electrochemical cells. Potentiometric and conductometric titrations. Phase rule. ClausiusClapeyron equation. Phase diagram of one component systems: CO2, H2O, S;

Two component systems: liquid-vapour, liquid-liquid and solid-liquid systems. Fractional distillation. Azeotropes and eutectics. Statistical thermodynamics: microcanonical and canonical ensembles, Boltzmann distribution, partition functions and thermodynamic properties.

Kinetics: Transition state theory: Eyring equation, thermodynamic aspects. Potential energy surfaces and classical trajectories. Elementary, parallel, opposing and consecutive reactions. Steady state approximation. Mechanisms of complex reactions. Unimolecular reactions. Kinetics of polymerization and enzyme catalysis.

Fast reaction kinetics: relaxation and flow methods. Kinetics of photochemical and photophysical processes.

Surfaces and Interfaces: Physisorption and chemisorption. Langmuir, Freundlich and BET isotherms. Surface catalysis: Langmuir-Hinshelwood mechanism. Surface tension, viscosity. Self-assembly. Physical chemistry of colloids, micelles and macromolecules.

Section 2 - Inorganic Chemistry

Main Group Elements: Hydrides, halides, oxides, oxoacids, nitrides, sulfides – shapes and reactivity. Structure and bonding of boranes, carboranes, silicones, silicates, boron nitride, borazines and phosphazenes. Allotropes of carbon. Chemistry of noble gases, pseudohalogens, and interhalogen compounds. Acid-base concepts.

Transition Elements: Coordination chemistry – structure and isomerism, theories of bonding (VBT, CFT, and MOT). Energy level diagrams in various crystal fields, CFSE, applications of CFT, Jahn-Teller distortion. Electronic spectra of transition metal complexes: spectroscopic term symbols, selection rules, Orgel diagrams, charge-transfer spectra. Magnetic properties of transition metal complexes. Reaction mechanisms: kinetic and thermodynamic stability, substitution and redox reactions.

Lanthanides and Actinides: Recovery. Periodic properties, spectra and magnetic properties. Organometallics: 18-Electron rule; metal-alkyl, metal-carbonyl, metal-olefin and metalcarbene complexes and metallocenes. Fluxionality in organometallic complexes. Types of organometallic reactions. Homogeneous catalysis - Hydrogenation, hydroformylation, acetic acid synthesis, metathesis and olefin oxidation. Heterogeneous catalysis - FischerTropsch reaction, Ziegler-Natta polymerization. Radioactivity: Decay processes, half-life of radioactive elements, fission and fusion processes.

Bioinorganic Chemistry: Ion (Na+ and K+) transport, oxygen binding, transport and utilization, electron transfer reactions, nitrogen fixation, metalloenzymes containing magnesium, molybdenum, iron, cobalt, copper and zinc.

Solids: Crystal systems and lattices, Miller planes, crystal packing, crystal defects, Bragg’s law, ionic crystals, structures of AX, AX2, ABX3 type compounds, spinels, band theory, metals and semiconductors.

Instrumental Methods of Analysis: UV-visible spectrophotometry, NMR and ESR spectroscopy, mass spectrometry. Chromatography including GC and HPLC. Electroanalytical methods- polarography, cyclic voltammetry, ion-selective electrodes. Thermoanalytical methods.

Section 3 - Organic Chemistry

Stereochemistry: Chirality of organic molecules with or without chiral centres and determination of their absolute configurations. Relative stereochemistry in compounds having more than one stereogenic centre. Homotopic, enantiotopic and diastereotopic atoms, groups and faces. Stereoselective and stereospecific synthesis. Conformational analysis of acyclic and cyclic compounds. Geometrical isomerism. Configurational and conformational effects and neighboring group participation on reactivity and selectivity.

Reaction Mechanisms: Basic mechanistic concepts – kinetic versus thermodynamic control, Hammond’s postulate and Curtin-Hammett principle. Methods of determining reaction mechanisms through identification of products, intermediates and isotopic labeling. Nucleophilic and electrophilic substitution reactions (both aromatic and aliphatic). Addition reactions to carbon-carbon and carbon-heteroatom (N, O) multiple bonds. Elimination reactions. Reactive intermediates – carbocations, carbanions, carbenes, nitrenes, arynes and free radicals. Molecular rearrangements involving electron deficient atoms.

Organic Synthesis: Synthesis, reactions, mechanisms and selectivity involving the following classes of compounds – alkenes, alkynes, arenes, alcohols, phenols, aldehydes, ketones, carboxylic acids, esters, nitriles, halides, nitro compounds, amines and amides. Uses of Mg, Li, Cu, B, Zn and Si based reagents in organic synthesis. Carbon-carbon bond formation through coupling reactions - Heck, Suzuki, Stille and Sonogoshira. Concepts of multistep synthesis - retrosynthetic analysis, strategic disconnections, synthons and synthetic equivalents. Umpolung reactivity – formyl and acyl anion equivalents. Selectivity in organic synthesis – chemo, regio and stereoselectivity. Protection and deprotection of functional groups. Concepts of asymmetric synthesis – resolution (including enzymatic), de-symmetrization and use of chiral auxilliaries. Carbon-carbon bond forming reactions through enolates (including boron enolates), enamines and silyl enol ethers. Michael addition reaction. Stereoselective addition to C=O groups (Cram and Felkin-Anh models).

Pericyclic Reactions and Photochemistry: Electrocyclic, cycloaddition and sigmatropic reactions. Orbital correlations - FMO and PMO treatments. Photochemistry of alkenes, arenes and carbonyl compounds. Photooxidation and photoreduction. Di-π-methane rearrangement, Barton reaction.

Heterocyclic Compounds: Structure, preparation, properties and reactions of furan, pyrrole, thiophene, pyridine, indole, quinoline and isoquinoline.

Biomolecules: Structure, properties and reactions of mono- and di-saccharides, physicochemical properties of amino acids, chemical synthesis of peptides, structural features of proteins, nucleic acids, steroids, terpenoids, carotenoids, and alkaloids.

Spectroscopy: Applications of UV-visible, IR, NMR and Mass spectrometry in the structural determination of organic molecules.



sumit kumar

I m expecting 52 in gate 2018 civil and m belong to sc category.. Can I get any PSU?

15 Mar, 2018 10:56
Sakshi Garg Expert

Hi Sumit, You get information about the GATE Cutoff list through this link: PSU Cutoff List.

21 Mar, 2018 12:12
Prashant kumar

Sir my gate marks 65 in gate 2018 in civil engineering can I get it Delhi?

14 Mar, 2018 02:37
Sakshi Garg Expert

Hi Prashant, Please check the Cutoff list of Delhi through this link: GATE Delhi Cutoff

17 Mar, 2018 11:20
Avinash Chauhan

I m expecting 32 number in gate 2018 mechanical and belong to sc category can i get admisiion in dtu??

09 Mar, 2018 00:22
Sakshi Garg Expert

Hi Avinash, I am giving you the Cutoff list of DTU college please check the list through this link: GATE Cutoff List.

09 Mar, 2018 12:58
sama raju

what is the expected cut off marks for physics ( OBC Category)

23 Feb, 2018 13:53
Sakshi Garg Expert

Hi Sama, To get information about the Cutoff by this link: GATE Cutoff List

23 Feb, 2018 16:04
Arvind kumar Yadav

how much mark is required to get admission in iit kharakpur..

16 Feb, 2018 21:16
Sakshi Garg Expert

Hi Arvind, I am giving you the Cutoff list of IIT Kharagpur please check the list through this link: Gate Cutoff List

17 Feb, 2018 15:19
abhishek sharma

I am from commerce background and I have done MBA with specialization in hr can I eligible for filling the form for the post of personal and hr pls rep me fast

30 Jan, 2018 11:05
Sakshi Garg Expert

Hi Abhishek, GATE (Graduate Aptitude Test in Engineering) is a national level test for admission to M.Tech/ Ph.D. and other Government Scholarships/Assistantships in the field of engineering and technology. So you can not fill this exam for MBA. But you can apply for MBA by filling the CAT, XAT, CMAT, GMAT entrance exam.

15 Feb, 2018 16:34
suraj rohila

how to prepare for gate and when we will get the forms of gate exam and now a i am in fourth year

15 Jun, 2017 00:20
Kalpana Sharma Expert

Hi Suraj, The GATE 2018 Online Application Processing System (GOAPS) website opens from September 01, 2017. You can check form status from the official website. For know about the preparing tips, please check this link Prepare for GATE

01 Sep, 2017 18:24

about nsr round in ccmt 2017

12 Apr, 2017 00:20

Hi Nikhil, to get details on GATE counseling and its rounds, please find the link

12 Apr, 2017 17:03
Sumitra chakraborty

plz tell me gate exam 2017 when will be held

24 Mar, 2017 11:06

Hi Sumitra, GATE 2017 Examination has been completed, you may apply for GATE 2018.To get details on GATE 2018, please find the link

24 Mar, 2017 11:19

GATE exam updtes and cut off for colleges in Tamilnadu

06 Mar, 2017 11:59
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