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How to Prepare Analogy for SSC CGL Reasoning

Last Updated - June 02, 2017

SSC (Staff Selection Commission) is going to conduct the CGL (Combined Graduate Level) exam in August and there are only a few months that you can dedicate in preparing so that you can secure a seat.

There will be 25 Questions each from the topics: -

  • General Intelligence & Reasoning
  • English Language
  • Quantitative Aptitude
  • General Awareness

Here, we provide concepts along with the practice set to make the ease of students in cracking Analogy questions in General Intelligence & Reasoning section.

Reasoning: Analogy: Concept

At its most basic, an analogy is a comparison of two things to show their similarities. Sometimes the things being compared are quite similar, but other times they could be very different. Nevertheless, an analogy explains one thing in terms of another to highlight the ways in which they are alike.

If you are wondering how to go about studying for your SSC CGL Exam in your limited time, we have a few hacks for you! Follow these tips and continue with your hard work, and you will definitely notice a difference.

Read More About SSC CGL 2017


SSC CGL Analogy Concept

It is a similarity or comparability between like features of two things on which a comparison may be based. In these types of questions, a series of numbers or alphabetical letters or combinations of both are given. The candidate is required to study the pattern and either to complete the given series with the suitable term or to find the wrong term in the series.

Table Useful for Analogy & Classification

Animal &Young OneInstrument & MeasurementIndividual & Group
CatKittenAmmeterCurrentCattleHerd
SheepLamdScrew GuageThicknessFlowersBouquet
ButterflyCaterpillarRain GuageRainGrapesBunch
DuckDucklingAnemometerWind vaneManCrowd
ElephantCalfOdometerSpeedRidersCavalcade
LionCubSphygmanometerBllod PressureSoldiersArmy
TigerHygrometerHumidityArtistTroupe
BearSeismographEarthquakeBeesSwarm
WolfTaseometerStrainsSheepFlock
FoxVenturi MeterFlow of liquidElephantsHerd
HenChickenStudy & TopicPigsLitter
HorsePonyHaematologyBloodSingerChorus
StagFawnTaxonomyClassificationQuantity & Units
DeerFawnCardiologyHeartForceNewton
TortoiseTurtlePedologySoilEnergyJoule
MareFillyPalaeontologyFossilsResistanceOhm
SwanCygnetNephrologyKidneyVolumeLitre
FrogTadpoleIchthylogyFishesAngleRadians
InsectLarvaAstrologyFuturePawerWatt
GoatKidEntymologyInsectsCurrentAmpere
Male & FemaleZoologyAnimalsAreaHectare
DogBitchOologyEggsCouductivityMho
StagDoeSeismologyEarthquakesProduct & Raw Material
TigerTigressBotanyPlantsButterMilk
LionLionessOnomatologyNamesFabricYarn
HorseMareEthnologyHuman RacesRubberLatex
NephewNieceVirologyVirusesPaperPulp
Dwelling PlacePaleographyWritingsPrismGlass
FishAquariumSemanticsLanguageShoeLeather
BirdsAviaryHistologyTissuesSackJute
HorseStablePathologyDiseasesOilSeed
LionDenTheologyReligionsJaggerySugarcane
CattleShedMetallurgyMetalsWineGrapes

Check About SSC CGL Syllogism


SSC CGL Examples of Analogies

Many analogies are so useful that they are part of everyday speech. These are often known as figures of speech or idioms. Each analogy below makes a comparison between two things:

  • Finding a good man is like finding a needle in a haystack. As Dusty Springfield knows, finding a small needle in a pile of hay takes a long time, so the task at hand is likely to be hard and tedious.
  • That’s as useful as rearranging deck chairs on the Titanic. It looks like you’re doing something helpful but really it will make no difference in the end.

Verbal Analogies

You will find verbal analogies, or word analogies, used in standardized tests and sometimes in job interviews where you must show the relationship between two objects or concepts using logic and reasoning. These analogies are set up in a standard format. For example:

tree : leaf :: flower : petal

This analogy is read aloud as:

Tree is to leaf as flower is to petal.

This analogy highlights the relationship between the whole (a tree and a flower) and its parts (a leaf and a petal). On tests of logic, one portion of the analogy is left blank and students are left to choose an answer that makes sense to complete the comparison.

Similes and Metaphors

Analogies, similes and metaphors are closely related, but they are not the same. Because making comparisons is so useful in both speaking and writing, they are all key literary devices, but an analogy is more of a logical argument than a simple figure of speech. You may have noticed that some common analogies are built around similes but extend the comparison.

Similes

A simile compares two things using the words “like” or “as” to create a new meaning. These comparisons are direct and typically easy to understand. For example:

  • As sly as a fox
  • As stubborn as a mule

Metaphors

Metaphors are a figure of speech used to make comparisons. These comparisons describe one thing in terms of another, but without using the words “like” or “as”. For example, describing a woman in terms of a flower can highlight her beauty:

“Her petal-soft smile blossomed in the morning sun.”

In this case, the woman’s lips are described as petals that blossom. These are words that are typically used for flowers instead of people, so the comparison is drawn between the woman and a flower by describing her with the language of flowers.

While metaphors are often extensive, here are a few brief examples:

  • You are the wind beneath my wings.
  • He is a diamond in the rough.

Check SSC CGL Syllabus


SSC CGL 2017 Types of Analogy Relationships

“Make a sentence of given analogy which accurately expresses their relation and replace the given set of analogy by all the option one by one, the best fitting will be your answer”

ANALOGY

Type 1: Completing the Analogous Pair

In these types of questions, 3 words are given and 2 words are related to each other in some way. Candidate is required to find out the relationship between the 3rd and 4th word on the basis of the relationship of the first 2 words.

Example – Plant: Tree:: Girl:?

a) Sister

b) Mother

c) Women

d) Wife

Solution: (c) clearly first grow into the second.

Type 2: Simple or Direct Analogy

Following example will explain the concept of Simple or Direct Analogy:

Example – Earth is related to Axis in the same way as wheel is related to __?

a) Hub

b) Scooter

c) Tyre

d) Road

Solution: (a) Here the first rotates about the second.

Type 3: Selecting the Analogies Pair

Following example will explain the above concept:

Example – Sonnet: Poem

a) Chapter: Book

b) Lie: Falsehood

c) Murder: Crime

d) Ballad: Stanza

Solution: (c) clearly Sonnet is a part of Poem, similarly murder is one of the type of Crime.

Type 4: Double Analogy

In the following example, two words indicated by 1 and 2 have been left out. The correct word to come in place of 1 is given as one of the four alternatives (1), (2), (3) and (4) against 1 and the correct word to come in place of 2 is given as one of the four alternatives (A), (B), (C) and (D) against 2. There is some relationship between the two words to the left of sign (::) and the same relationship obtains between the two words to the right of the sign (::). The correct combination is given as one of the four alternatives (a), (b), (c) and (d). Find the correct combination.

Example – 1: Horse:: Bray: 2

1. (1) Neigh (2) Hoof (3) Ride (4) Saddle

2. (A) Relay (B) Pony (C) Wagon (D) Donkey

(a) 1A (b) 1D (c) 2D (d) 3C

Solution: (b) clearly, first is the sound produced by 2.

Type 5: Selecting a similar word

In this type of questions, a group of three/four inter related words is given. Candidate is required to select a word from the given alternatives that is similar to the given words and hence belongs to the same group.

Example – Mumbai: Kolkata: Mangalore

a) Hyderabad

b) Cochin

c) Delhi

d) Jaipur

Solution: (b) clearly, all are port cities.

Type 6: Multiple – Word Analogy

In this type of questions, a group of three and four words is given and all of them are inter-related. Candidate is required to find out the relationship among the words given in the question and choose another group with the similar relationship from the given alternatives.

Type 7: Analogy based on Numbers

This section deals with the following types of questions:

Example 1 – 26:5:: 65:?

a) 9

b) 8

c) 7

d) 6

Solution: (b) clearly the relationship is (x+ 1) : x.

Example 2 – 11: 1210

a) 6: 216

b) 7: 1029

c) 8: 448

d) 9: 729

Solution: (c) clearly the relationship is x: (x3 – x2).

Example 3 – Given set: (81, 77, 69)

a) 56, 52, 44)

b) 64, 61, 53)

c) 75, 71, 60)

d) 92, 88, 79)

Solution: (a) Here 1st number – 4 = 2nd Number

2nd number – 8 = 3rd Number.

Type 8: Analogy Based on Alphabet

In these type of questions, a candidate is required to find out the relationship between two given groups of letters related to each other in some way and then choose either a letter group or pair consisting of similarity related letter groups.

Following example will explain the above concept:

Example – BUCKET: ACTVBDJLDFSU:: BONUS:?

a) CDPQOPVWTU

b) SUNOR

c) ACNPMOTVRT

d) ACNPMOVWTU

Solution: (c) Here each letter of first group is replaces by two letters, where one letter comes before it and one comes after that particular letter in the second group.


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