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CLAT Syllabus 2018

Last Updated - August 19, 2017

CLAT Syllabus 2018 will be announced by National Law Institute University (NLIU) Bhopal. The syllabus for CLAT is different for LLB and LLM programs. For the academic session 2018-19, CLAT Syllabus is similar to as that of last year. It describes the topics that are important to study and have been coming over the years.

Here is the subject-wise CLAT Syllabus in brief:

clat syllabus

  • CLAT Syllabus for LLB program will cover topics from English including Comprehension, General Knowledge & Current Affairs, Elementary Mathematics (Numerical Ability), Legal Aptitude, and Logical Reasoning. Here, higher weightage is given to General Knowledge, Current affairs, and Legal Aptitude. There will be a total of 200 questions from this section.
  • CLAT Syllabus for LLM program will cover topics from Constitutional Law, Jurisprudence, and other law subjects such as Contract, Torts, Criminal Law, International Law, Environment Law and Human Rights. Here, equal weightage is given to constitutional law and Jurisprudence section. There will be a total of 150 questions from this section.

CLAT 2018 will be conducted in May 2018, for both the programs. Last year nearly 47,106 students took CLAT 2017.This number is 93% of those who registered. It is expected that the competition for law entrance exam will be high. In order to withstand the competition, CLAT aspirants should optimize their preparation plan according to CLAT Syllabus. Check  CLAT 2017 Paper Analysis 

CLAT Exam Pattern 2018

CLAT Exam Pattern for UG and PG courses will vary from each other. Here is the general CLAT Exam Pattern that will follow in both the programs.

CLAT Exam Pattern Highlights
Mode of examOnline
Type of questionsObjective
Medium of examEnglish
Duration of exam2 hours
Marks awarded for correct answer+1
Marks deducted for incorrect answer-0.25

CLAT Exam Pattern for LL.B. Program

  • CLAT Exam Pattern for UG level focus on these 5 sections -English (Comprehension), General Knowledge & Current Affairs, Elementary Mathematics (Numerical Ability), Legal Aptitude and Logical Reasoning.
  • Candidates have to attempt 200 questions in total.
  • Each question will carry one mark.
  • The section-wise distribution of questions is given below:
SectionNo. of QuestionsMarks
English (including comprehension)4040
General Knowledge & Current Affairs5050
Elementary Mathematics (Numerical Ability)2020
Legal Aptitude5050
Logical Reasoning4040

CLAT Exam Pattern for LL.M. Program

  • CLAT Exam Pattern for PG level focuses on- Constitutional Law, Jurisprudence, and Contract, Torts, Criminal Law, International Law, IPR etc.
  • Candidates are required to attempt all the 150 Questions. 
  • All questions carry one mark each.
  • The section-wise distribution of questions is given below:
SectionNo. of QuestionsMarks
Constitutional Law5050
Rest of the topics like Contract, Torts, Criminal Law, International Law, IPR etc.5050

Check detailed CLAT Exam Pattern

CLAT Syllabus for English

English section will assess a candidate’s English language skills. A candidate has to attempt a total of 40 questions in this section.

  • It will be tested on the basis of comprehension passages and grammar.
  • In the comprehension section, one will be questioned on their understanding of the passage and its central theme, meanings of words used therein, etc.
  • The grammar section requires correction of incorrect grammatical sentences, filling in blanks in sentences with appropriate words, etc.

Here are the most important topics in the English section of CLAT:

Important Topics
Comprehension passagesCorrecting sentences
GrammarFill in the Blanks
VocabularySpot the errors

Check  How to prepare for English Section?

CLAT Syllabus for English Section

English Vocabulary

Synonyms, Antonyms, Homonyms, Word definitions, Analogies

English Proficiency

Idioms and Phrases, One word substitution, Sentence improvement & rearrangement, Fill in the blanks with suitable words, Subject-Verb Agreement, Conditionals, Noun, Pronoun, Articles & Conjunction, Adjective and Determinants

English Usage Errors

Grammatical errors- tense, voice, preposition usage, speech errors, Correct Spelling, Spotting errors, Inappropriate usage of words

English ComprehensionOn the basis of the passage provided, various questions will be asked. It is advisable to first go through the questions first and then read the passage. Doing this will help them to point out the answers and gather information relating to the questions. 

CLAT Preparation Books for English Section

CLAT Books

CLAT BooksAuthor/ Publisher
High School English Grammar and Composition KeyWren and Martin
Word Power Made EasyNorman Lewis
A Modern Approach to Verbal & Non-Verbal ReasoningR.S. Aggarwal

CLAT Syllabus for Elementary Mathematics

  • Through this section, the examination gauges the fundamental arithmetic skills of candidates.
  • CLAT contains 20 questions from this section.
  • It includes both the basic mathematical concepts and certain modern mathematical concepts.
  • The questions will be asked mostly from the class 10th Mathematics. Hence, the level of questions will be easy to moderate.
  • Make sure to brush up all the basic formulas and concepts of Class 10th and 12th

Here are the most important topics for Elementary Mathematics in CLAT:

Important Topics
Number SystemAlgebra
Profit and LossHeight and Distance

Check  How to prepare for Mathematics section?

CLAT Syllabus for Elementary Mathematics


Areas, Volumes

Commercial Mathematics

Interest, Profit, loss and Discounts, Percentage, Partnership

Modern Mathematics

Permutation & Combination Probability, Clocks & Calendars

Data InterpretationGraphs, Charts

Number system, H.C.F and L.C.M, Logarithms and, Functions, Fractions and decimals, Roots and Indices, Simplification, Ratio and proportions, Time and work, Average

CLAT Preparation Books for Mathematics

CLAT Preparation Books

CLAT Books Author/ Publisher
Universal's Elementary Mathematics (Numeral Ability)Jain Prateek
Mathematics for CLATShailesh Kumar

download clat sample papers

CLAT Syllabus for General Knowledge and Current Affairs

  • This section will test the knowledge of general awareness including static GK.
  • Apart from GK, questions will also cover the recent topics and current affairs broadly featuring between March 2018 and April 2019.
  • This section in CLAT covers a vast range of topics. A total of 50 questions will come from this section.

Here is CLAT Syllabus GK section:

CLAT Syllabus for GK
PoliticsAncient, Medieval, Modern and World History
GeographyEconomics (Outline of Indian Economy, Five Year Plans, National Income of India, Indian Tax Structure)

Science and technology

Environment & Ecology
General ScienceNational & International Burning topics
Books and AuthorsEnvironment
IndustriesMajor Industries in India
AgricultureAwards and Achievements

Check  How to prepare for GK and Current Affairs section?

    CLAT Preparation Books for GK Section

    CLAT Preparation Books

    CLAT BookAuthor/ Publisher
    Manorama Yearbook 2017Mammen Mathew
    Current Affairs Yearly 2017Arihant Experts
    General Knowledge 2017: Latest Current Affairs & Who's WhoRPH Editorial Board

    CLAT Syllabus for Logical Reasoning

    • This section is devised to evaluate a candidate’s ability to analytically comprehend different aspects of a situation or scenario and logically derive solutions.
    • The section will also cover a variety of logical aptitude questions including syllogism, logical sequences, analogies, etc. However, the logical reasoning section will not have visual reasoning questions.
    • A total of 40 questions is asked from this section.

    CLAT Syllabus for the Logical Reasoning

    CLAT Syllabus for Logical Reasoning
    Statement & AssumptionsStatement & Conclusions
    Statement & ArgumentsStatement & actions
    Assertion – ReasonSyllogism
    Number testDirection and distance test
    Coding and DecodingBlood Relationships

    Check  How to prepare for Logical Reasoning Section in CLAT?

    CLAT Preparation Books for Logical Reasoning Section

    CLAT Preparation Books

    CLAT BooksAuthor/ Publisher
    Universal's Logical Reasoning for CLAT, LSAT and other Law Entrance ExamsJain Prateek
    Analytical ReasoningM. K. Pandey
    Logical ReasoningR K Gupta and Samiksha Gupta

    • This section primarily focuses on the legal aptitude of candidates.
    • The questions are framed as legal propositions having a set of facts that satisfies the propositions.
    • One has to analyze suitable proposition and answer questions based on the given set of facts. They will have to apply their legal aptitude in order to solve the problems.
    • This section covers 50 questions out of the total 200 questions in CLAT.

    CLAT Syllabus for Legal Aptitude 

    CLAT Syllabus for Legal Aptitude
    Indian ConstitutionIndian Penal Code
    Indian Contract ActFamily Law
    Law of TortsLegal fundamentals and terms
    Legal MaximsImportant Landmarks, Supreme Court Judgements

    download clat sample papers

    CLAT Preparation Books for Legal Aptitude Section

    CLAT Preparation Books

    CLAT BooksAuthor/ Publisher
    Legal Aptitude for the CLAT and other Law Entrance ExaminationsBhardwaj
    Legal Awareness Legal ReasoningBhardwaj
    Legal AptitudeRK Gupta

    We hope all you aspirants are now thorough with the complete CLAT Syllabus. We wish all of you good luck for your next CLAT attempt!



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