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NEET 2018 Exam Pattern

Last Updated - September 08, 2017

Central Board of Secondary Education (CBSE) prescribes NEET 2018 Exam Pattern. The National Eligibility cum Entrance Test (NEET) is organized in offline mode to shortlist medical aspirants for MBBS and BDS programs. The paper pattern of NEET describes the complete syllabus, subject-wise marking scheme, distribution of marks, time duration and alike.

Listed below are key highlights of NEET Exam Pattern:

  • NEET Syllabus will have questions from Physics, Chemistry, and Biology (Botany & Zoology).
  • The questions in NEET entrance exam are objective in nature. DownloadNEET Practice Papers
  • There are 45 questions from Physics & Chemistry each and 90 questions from Biology in the exam.
  • The duration of examination is 3 hours.
  • As for NEET Marking Scheme, +4 marks are awarded for a correct response and -1 mark is deducted for an incorrect response.
  • The exam is conducted in 10 languages - English, Hindi, Tamil, Assamese, Bengali, Gujarati, Marathi, Telugu, Kannada and Oriya.

As per NEET 2017 Paper Analysis, the exam was relatively easier, as questions were directly from NCERT. The weightage of Class XI and Class XII was equal in the exam this year. For most of the students, Physics section was the toughest, while Chemistry and Biology were of easy-moderate difficulty level. 

CBSE has scheduledNEET 2018 in May 2018. Through this examination, candidates are granted admissions to MBBS/BDS programs offered in various Government and Medical Colleges in India.

What is NEET 2018 Exam Pattern?


NEET Paper Pattern 2018
Mode of examinationOffline
Number of sections 3
Number of questions from each section

Physics – 45

Chemistry – 45

Biology – 90

Maximum marks for each section40
Nature of questionsObjective Type
Duration of exam3 hours
NEET Marking Scheme+4 for correct answer; -1 for incorrect answer

Detailed NEET Exam Pattern 2018

Exam Mode

  • NEET 2018 is conducted in an offline mode (Pen and Paper based mode).
  • Candidates are given OMR sheet on which they have to fill their responses.
  • Only ballpoint pen has to be used while marking responses.
  • Candidates are prohibited to bring in their stationery.
  • All of the required material is provided NEET exam centers.

Number of Sections

  • There are a total of 3 section in the question paper viz. Physics, Chemistry, and Biology.
  • Biology section in NEET is further divided into Zoology and Botany.

No. of Questions

  • The question paper will have 180 questions.
  • There are 45 questions from Physics and Chemistry and 90 questions from Biology section.

Type of Questions

  • Questions in the medical examination are objective type i.e. multiple choice questions.
  • There will be four choices for each question.
  • Candidates have to mark the most appropriate answer.

Time Duration of NEET Exam

  • The total duration of NEET 2018 is 3 hours (180 minutes).
  • Candidates must adhere to the time limit and try to finish the paper in time.

NEET Marking Scheme

  • Each question in NEET test paper will carry 4 marks.
  • For every correct response, the candidate will get 4 marks.
  • In case of wrong answer, there is a penalty of 1 mark.
  • For unattempted questions, there is no negative marking. 
  • In case, a candidate marks two answers to a question, it will be treated as a wrong answer and there will be a penalty of one mark.
  • Hence, candidates are required to select one option out of the four. 

Medium of exam

Candidates are required to fill their preferred language while filling NEET 2018 Application Form. Once form is saved and submitted, they cannot change the language. 

  • Candidates opting English language will get question paper booklet in English only.
  • Candidates opting Hindi as a language will get bilingual question booklet in Hindi as well as English.
  • Candidates choosing any vernacular language will also get question booklet in that language as well as English.
  • English translation would be treated as final in case any ambiguity occurs in translation of language

Option for the vernacular language will be available as follows:

Medium of PaperExamination Centers
English and HindiAll over India
English, Hindi and AssameseExam Centers in Assam
English, Hindi and BengaliExam Centers in West Bengal
English, Hindi and GujaratiExam Centers in Gujarat, Dadra and Nagar Haveli
English, Hindi and MarathiExam Centers in Maharashtra
English, Hindi and TamilExam Centers in Tamil Nadu
English, Hindi and TeluguExam Centers in Andhra Pradesh and Telangana
English, Hindi and KannadaExam Centers in Karnataka
English, Hindi and OriyaExam Centers in Odisha

NEET 2018 Exam Pattern for Physics

  • There will be a total of 45 questions from this section.
  • Lasy year, the Physics section had 10 questions of easy difficulty level, 27 questions were of moderate difficulty level and 8 questions were of difficulty level.
  • For each correct answer, a candidate will score +4.
  • For each incorrect answer, a candidate will lose -1.

NEET Syllabus for Physics

  • The syllabus for NEET 2018 will be notified by the Medical Council of India (MCI).
  • NEET Physics Syllabus contains topics from NCERT and CBSE.
  • A common syllabus is prepared for all the students across India. 
  • It contains topics from class 11th and 12th

Listed below are the important topics for NEET Physics Sections:

Important Topics from Class 11Important Topics from Class 12
Physical World and MeasurementElectrostatics
KinematicsCurrent Electricity
Laws of MotionMagnetic Effects of Current and Magnetism
Work, Energy and PowerElectromagnetic Current and Alternating Current
Motion of System of Particles and Rigid BodyElectromagnetic Waves
Properties of Bulk MatterDual Nature of Matter and Radiation
ThermodynamicsAtoms and Nuclei
Behaviour of Perfect Gas and Kinetic TheoryElectronic Devices
Oscillations and Waves-

NEET Preparation Books for Physics

Besides standard NCERT books, candidates can also refer to some of the Physics books given below:

NEET 2018 Physics Books
Book NameAuthorISBN
Complete NEET Guide: PhysicsMTG Editorial Board978-9385966354
40 Days Physics for NEETSB Tripathi978-9350949504
29 Years NEET-AIPMT Chapterwise Solutions - PhysicsMTG Editorial Board978-9385966446
Objective NCERT at Your Fingertips for NEET-AIIMS - PhysicsMTG Editorial Board978-9385966385

NEET 2018 Exam Pattern for Chemistry

  • There are a total of 45 questions from this section.
  • In NEET 2017, there were 14 questions of easy level, 16 questions were of moderate level and 15 questions were of difficulty level.
  • For each correct answer, a candidate will score +4.
  • For each incorrect answer, a candidate will lose -1.

NEET Syllabus for Chemistry

NEET Chemistry 2018 syllabus also consists of topics from class 11th and 12th. Candidates can check important topics of NEET chemistry syllabus below: 

Important Topics from Class 11Important Topics from Class 12
Some Basic Concepts of ChemistrySolid State
Structure of AtomSolutions
Classification of Elements and Periodicity in PropertiesElectrochemistry
Chemical Bonding and Molecular StructureChemical Kinetics
States of Matter: Gases and LiquidsSurface Chemistry
Thermodynamicsp-Block Elements
EquilibriumGeneral Principles and Processes of Isolation of Compounds
Redox Reactionsd- and f-Block Elements
HydrogenCoordination Compounds
s-Block Element (Alkali and Alkaline Earth Metals)Halo alkanes and Halo arenes
Some p-Block ElementsAlcohols, Phenols, and Ether
Organic Chemistry – Some Basic PrinciplesAldehydes, Ketones, and Carboxylic Acids
HydrocarbonsOrganic Compounds containing Nitrogen
Environmental ChemistryBiomolecules
-Chemistry in Everyday Life

NEET Preparation Books for Chemistry

Besides standard NCERT books, candidates can also refer to some of the Chemistry books given below:

NEET 2018 Chemistry Books
Name of the BookAuthorISBN
Complete NEET Guide: ChemistryMTG Editorial Board978-9385966361
Objective NCERT Question Bank for NEET - ChemistryMTG Editorial Board978-9385966422
29 Years NEET-AIPMT Chapterwise Solutions - ChemistryMTG Editorial Board978-9385966453
40 Days Chemistry for NEETSudhanshu Thakur978-9350949528

NEET 2018 Exam Pattern for Biology

  • There will be a total of 90 questions from this section.
  • Lasy year, the Biology section had 31 questions of easy difficulty level, 38 questions were of moderate difficulty level and 21 questions were difficult.
  • For each correct answer, a candidate will score +4.
  • For each incorrect answer, a candidate will lose -1.

NEET Syllabus for Biology 

NEET 2018 Biology syllabus comprises of Botany and Zoology. The syllabus includes the topics from class 11th and class 12th.

Important Topics from Class 11Important Topics from Class 12
Cell Structure and FunctionBiology and Human Welfare
Diversity and Living WorldBiotechnology and its Application
Human PhysiologyEcology and Environment
Plant PhysiologyGenetics and Evolution
Structural Organization in Plants and AnimalsReproduction

NEET Preparation Books for Biology 

Besides standard NCERT books, candidates can also refer to some of the Biology books given below:

NEET 2018 Biology Books
Name of the BookAuthorISBN
Complete NEET Guide: BiologyMTG Editorial Board978-9385966378
29 Years Biology Chapterwise Solutions for CBSE AIPMT & NEETArihant Experts978-9350949276
Trueman's Objective Biology for NEET - Vol. I & IIM.P. Tyagi and JP Goyal978-8187223740
NCERT BOTANY Booster for NEET (AIPMT) AIIMS & All Other Medical Exam (First Edition 2016)S. AnsariASIN: 9384934445

NEET 2018 Practice Papers

  • NEET Sample Papers 2018 help give a fair idea of how the actual exam can be expected to be. 
  • All candidates appearing for NEET 2018 in May 2018, must practice NEET practice papers as much as possible.
  • It is advisable to get through with these beforehand so that candidates do not get surprised in the actual exam. 
  • By solving NEET Practice Papers, candidates can get familiar with the exam pattern and difficulty level of the actual test.
  • The model papers provided for download are the previous years’ papers.
  • These will help students have better understanding of the exam pattern, before they sit for NEET 2018.

NEET 2018 Test Booklet will contain multiple choice questions. Some important points about NEET 2018 Test Booklet are given below:

  • Do not tamper the booklet before the start of the exam as this will lead to serious action.
  • Candidates are given a sealed Test Booklet 15 minutes before the beginning of the exam.
  • As soon as a candidate receives the booklet, he must fill in all the details on the cover using the Ball Point pen.
  • Stationery will be provided in the exam hall.
  • Candidates must not open the Test Booklet until told by the Invigilator.
  • The instructions for opening the Test Booklet will be provided five minutes before the commencement of NEET examination.
  • Candidate should check that the Test Booklet Code printed on the Answer Sheet matches with that printed-on the Test Booklet.
  • In case of any discrepancy, report it immediately to the invigilator and ask for a replacement.
  • Candidates should fill in his details with the ball point pen on both the sides.
  • After the invigilator announces that the test has begun, they can start the test.
  • Before leaving the examination hall, the candidate must hand in the answer sheet to the invigilator.



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