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We are providing you step by step information regarding XAT 2018 Logical Reasoning (LR) preparation. As you are going to appear for XAT entrance, the first thing you need to understand what Logical Reasoning is? What are the different sections & topics according to Exam format, which aspect requires extra attention & time?
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To solve any problem related to LR, you have to apply a good mathematical procedure step by step to draw a unique conclusion from given statements. But keep one thing straight that whatever conclusion you have drawn must satisfy all preordered statements.
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Before starting preparation you need to know XAT Syllabus of reasoning & applications. Why you need to study them? How it would help you in career prospects because you are supposed to become part of management field.
After completing your MBA Degree, when you will be working as a manager or recruiter in a corporate. At that time this test will be required to taken by you to hire new employees. If you are very well prepared & know all the terms & tactics related to logical reasoning then only you will be able to lead & judge others.
Note: If any statement is true, then there are chances of possibilities depending upon extent of truth in that statement, whether it is completely true, likely to be true or almost true. And in case of false statement no possibilities can be considered.
According to present test requirements Logical Reasoning is the common term which is used solely for different types of reasoning.
1. Deductive Reasoning
This test analyze you on the basis of your ability of deducing genuine facts which is acceptable everywhere.
For e.g. Major Premise: All Human are mortal
Minor Premise: Socrates is human
Conclusion: Socrates is mortal.
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Explanation: As given in the below mentioned venn diagram that mortality is eternel & acquired by every human being. Socrates was human that is why he was mortal too
Note: Always remember that in Deductive logic you are not gathering new information. You are just arranges the information which is already given in new way but acceptable in every situation
2. Inductive reasoning
This is somewhere related to mathematical induction which you have studied in earlier classes. To prove any statement we just followed a pattern more than one time, say ‘N’ number of times & then generalize the statement to give final answer.
Note: For conclusions based on inductive reasoning you may not be 100% sure. You have to conclude on the basis of trend pertaining.
Example.1. ALL swans are white
Explanation: This conclusion is drawn by considering large number of ‘white swans’ with no emphasis on whether any ‘black’ swan exists or not. But it is not acceptable with 100% surety that there is no ‘black’ swan exists in the world.
Inductive reasoning may be wrong, as in this case when a black swan is found it appears to be wrong. Most of the time answers satisfied the given situation.
Example. 2. 6, 9, 12, 15, ?
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Answer: The trend shown that the answer is 18.
Explanation: You may not be 100% sure for above answer. Because it is not mentioned that to which scale the series belongs, whether temperature, hours or some other scale.
3. Abductive Reasoning
This form is very similar to the second form ‘inductive’ reasoning. It is completely depends on guess work as its solution requires assumptions based on probability. The condition whose probability is more is considered to be more feasible.
Example: Major Premise: The box is filled with red balls.
Minor Premise: James has a red ball in his hand.
Conclusion: The red ball in James’s hand was taken out of the box.
Explanation: To solve this case we can perform only guess work. It is just a possibility that the red ball in James’s hand was taken from the box, but it is also possible that the ball is given by someone else to James.
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Keep practicing as much as questions as you can. Sometimes your attempting speed depends on logic, which is required to solve question at right time in right way.
Practice will help you a lot to manage time for different type of questions. You will be able to identify what type of question needs how much time.
Classify your problem on time span & complexity level & devote time according to requirement.
Do not solve question in different way any time you attempting it. Just maintain your own method & stick to that only otherwise you will be confused.
When you start preparing make note of those problems which creates issue when you have been solving them.
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