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NEET 2018 Exam Pattern

Updated On - December 14th 2017 by PRAKRITI BHAT

Candidates appearing for the entrance exam must be completely through with the Syllabus for NEET which is prescribed by MCI (medical council of India) and is mostly covered by the NCERT textbooks. The duration is of 3 hours wherein students will have to attempt 180 questions from Physics, Chemistry and Biology. NEET 2018 will cover both, class XI and class XII syllabus of these 3 subjects with equal weightage given to all. It is a national level entrance exam for admission into MBBS and BDS across various colleges/universities in India. Check released notification for NEET. The exam will be conducted by CBSE in the offline mode on May 10, 2018.

NEET 2018 At a Glance

Exam ModeOffline (pen and paper based)
Type of QuestionsMultiple Choice Questions (MCQs)
Duration3 hours
Number of questions180
Total Marks720
No. of questions in each sectionPhysics-45 Chemistry- 45 Botany- 45 Zoology- 45
Marking Scheme+ 4 for correct answer -1 for incorrect answer 0 for no answer 0 for more than one answer
NEET 2018 Exam DateMay 10, 2018
SyllabusPhysics, Chemistry and Biology syllabus of class XI and XII
LanguagesEnglish, Hindi, Assamese, Kannada, Odia, Tamil, Telugu, Marathi, Bengali, Gujarati

NEET Exam Pattern

The exam will be conducted in offline mode where students will have to mark their responses on an OMR sheet. The paper will have just multiple-choice questions. Candidates are allowed to use only a ball pen for marking their answers. NEET has negative marking so candidates are advised to not rely on guess work and mark only those answers that they are sure of. For each correct answer, 4 marks will be awarded. No marks will be deducted for leaving a question unanswered. 45 questions are assigned to Physics, Chemistry, Botany and Zoology, each. Narrow down a few important topics carrying maximum weightage and attack them first to stay ahead of the game.

Paper Analysis has shown that the exam is moderately difficult with most of the questions being asked from NCERT. Check paper analysis for NEET 2018Physics is usually the toughest section with lengthy calculations so, students are advised to devote more time to this subject. Chemistry generally includes a volley of application based questions, so it is essential to be thorough with basic concepts. Last year, Biology was quite easy, but the difficulty level is expected to go up this year. For NEET pattern questions try to solve as many Practice Papers as you can. Check Question paper for NEET

Question Paper Pattern

Before appearing for the exam, candidates must be well versed with the question paper pattern. The exam includes questions from the Physics, Chemistry and Biology syllabus of class XI and XII. The weightage given to class XI and class XII is the same. Both Physics and Chemistry have 45 questions each. Biology is divided into Botany and Zoology with 45 questions in each section. Overall, Biology has 90 questions in the exam.

SubjectNo. of QuestionsMaximum Marks

Marking Scheme

NEET employs negative marking where one mark is deducted for every wrong answer. It is advisable to leave the questions you’re not sure about since no marks will be deducted for unanswered questions. If more than one answer is marked by the candidate, no marks will be awarded for that particular question so be very carefully while marking your responses. Check out the marking scheme given below for a better idea of the question paper.

Correct Answer+4
Incorrect answer-1
No answer0
More than one answer marked0

How to calculate NEET Score?

For every correct answer, the candidate is awarded 4 marks and for every incorrect answer 1 mark is deducted.

NEET Score= (Correct answers X 4) – (Incorrect answers X 1)

Practice these sample question papers for a better understanding of the exam.

Physics Exam Pattern

Since Physics is the toughest out of all 3 subjects, candidates are often intimidated by this section. However, with the right preparation, you can glide through it with ease. Mechanics is the most important topic carrying maximum weightage. Another important topic is Electrodynamics from which you can expect almost 9-10 questions. These two cover a major chunk of the Physics paper. Check previous year question papers of NEET.

Since the past few years, the difficulty level of this section has been high. Though the section has both, theoretical and numerical questions, most of the questions involve calculations that were lengthy. Rigorous practice will make you adept at solving such questions in lesser time. It is imperative to remember all the formulas, otherwise this section will give you a hard time.

Pro Tip- Do not ignore the ‘Points to Ponder’ section at the end of each chapter and the examples given in NCERT. A lot of questions are asked from these two sections of the book.

Chemistry Exam Pattern

Chemistry is regarded as a moderately difficult section in the paper and the level only increases every year. Over the years, application based questions have increased in number. The numericals are not very lengthy but they test your grasp over basic concepts. NEET 2017 saw more questions from the class XII syllabus. Organic Chemistry has gradually gained more prominence than Inorganic Chemistry and almost 16-17 questions are expected from it in NEET 2018.

This section has a blend of conceptual and application based questions. There are also a few questions where two different concepts are intertwined into a single question. Questions from class XI were quite direct but those from class XII were tricky. A lot of questions are asked from NCERT so make sure you’re thorough with all the concepts given in the text book.

Pro Tip- Pay more attention to Chemical Bonding and Coordination compounds. They take a lot of time and carry maximum weightage. Refer to some extra books for a better understanding of the concepts.

Biology Exam Pattern

Biology is relatively easier than the other two subjects but don’t take it lightly because the questions get tougher every year. The paper includes 45 questions each from Botany and Zoology. NEET 2017 saw more questions from class XII syllabus, almost 46 out of 90. Maximum questions are asked from NCERT so students should spend more time on that instead of reference books.

The syllabus for Biology is vast. The trick here is to first target the topics with maximum weightage. NCERT is the foundation text for this subject since questions are picked up directly from the textbook. There will also be a few questions from Biotechnology so candidates must not ignore that section of the syllabus. Take a look at the NEET chapter wise weightage for efficient preparation.

Pro Tip- Human Physiology is an extremely important topic carrying high weightage. Genetics too has been a hot favourite of NEET and along with Human Physiology, they both cover almost 30 questions in the Biology section.

Language of Question Paper

The question paper will be available in Hindi and English in all the centers. However, if the candidate has chosen a vernacular language while filling the application form, then the center will be allotted accordingly. Here is a list of languages and the centers in which they are available.

LanguagesExamination Cities
English and HindiAll examination cities
English, Hindi and TeluguAndhra Pradesh and Telangana
English, Hindi and BengaliWest Bengal
English, Hindi and KannadaKarnataka
English, Hindi and GujaratiGujarat, Daman, Dadar & Nagar Haveli
English, Hindi and TamilTamil Nadu
English, Hindi and MarathiMaharashtra
English, Hindi and AssamAssam
English, Hindi and OriyaOdisha


Ques. Will NEET exam be conducted online?

Ans. No, till now, NEET is an offline exam. In other words, it is a pen and paper based test in which you will have to mark your answers on an OMR sheet.

Ques. Will NEET have descriptive questions?

Ans. NEET only has Multiple Choice Questions as of now. Each question will be followed by 4 options out of which one will be correct.

Ques. I am not comfortable with English language; can I take NEET exam in any other language?

Ans. Yes, apart from English, NEET can be taken in Hindi, Bengali, Assamese, Gujarati, Marathi, Tamil, Telugu, Oriya and Kannada.

Ques. Can I appear opt for Bengali medium in NEET in Delhi?

Ans. No. As per the current rules, the vernacular mediums of NEET are subject to geographical restrictions related to examination centers. A particular regional language can only be opted in the examination centers as prescribed in NEET notification. Take a look at the following table for this: -

LanguageCenters available in
English and HindiAll India
English, Hindi and AssameseAssam
English, Hindi and BengaliWest Bengal
English, Hindi and GujaratiGujarat, Daman, Dadra and Nagar Haveli
English, Hindi and MarathiMaharashtra
English, Hindi and TamilTamil Nadu
English, Hindi and TeluguAndhra Pradesh and Telangana
English, Hindi and OriyaOdisha
English, Hindi and KannadaKarnataka

Ques. How many questions will be there is NEET?

Ans. NEET will have a total of 180 questions.

Ques. How many questions from Physics will be asked in NEET?

Ans. NEET has 4 sections, Physics, Chemistry, Botany and Zoology. Each of these sections will have 45 questions each. So physics will have 45 questions.

Ques. What are the maximum marks in NEET exam?

Ans. Each question in NEET will have 4 marks. Therefore, maximum marks in the exam are 720.

Ques. Is there a provision of negative marking for incorrect questions in NEET?

Ans. Yes, for each incorrect response, 1 mark will be deducted from your total score.

Ques. Is there negative marking for un-attempted questions in NEET?

Ans. No, there is not negative marking for leaving questions. No mark will be added to or deducted from your score for leaving any question.

Ques. How much time will I be given to complete the exam?

Ans. You will be given 3 hours (180 minutes) to complete the exam.

Ques. Are there any sectional time limits in NEET?

Ans. No, there are no such sectional limits in NEET. You can spend any amount of time (from total time given) on any particular section or question.

Ques. Will I be provided stationery inside the exam hall?

Ans. Yes, you do not need to carry anything except Admit Card and Photographs inside the examination hall. A pen to mark your answers will be provided inside the exam hall.

Ques. Where can I do rough work during NEET exam?

Ans. You will be provided your test booklet on which you can do rough work. You cannot do rough work on Answer Sheet, Admit card or anything else.

Ques. What if I opt for English medium and I am unable to understand a question in the exam? Will be I be given a translated version of such question?

Ans. If someone opts for English medium, the test booklet will be provided in English only. Therefore, if you are facing any problem with the meaning of question, translated version of such question will not be provided. However, If a candidate opts for any other medium than English, then he/she will be provided the booklet in both English and the language chose by candidate.

Ques. I opted for Hindi medium, but the translation of a question is not done properly (into English). What will be done in this situation?

Ans. In a situation where there is any ambiguity in the translation of any question, the English version of it will be considered final and correct.



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