KCET (KEA) 2018 SYLLABUS

STATE LEVEL OFFLINE TEST

Updated On - January 30th 2018
by
SAKSHI JAIN

Karnataka Common Entrance Exam for academic session 2018-19 is going to be conducted on **April 18, 2018 (Biology & Mathematics) and April 19, 2018 (Physics & Chemistry). **Candidates appearing for the exam are advised to carefully go through the **KCET 2018 Exam Pattern** for understanding the structure and scoring pattern of the test.

All the aspirants will have to prepare from the syllabus prescribed for the respective papers they are appearing for. Medical aspirants and those applying for Farm science degree course should go through the **syllabus for Physics, Chemistry and Biology**. The Engineering aspirants should check out the **syllabus for Mathematics, Physics and Chemistry**.

The syllabus for Karnataka CET is based on the **syllabus recommended by Department of Pre-University Education, Karnataka for first and second year of Pre University Course/Certificate**. Pre University College in Karnataka is equivalent to 10+2 or H.S.C. as prevalent in most of the education boards in India. The detail course syllabi for individual syllabus is provided below for reference of candidates. The preparation for **KCET** should focus upon the important topics and concepts.

Candidate appearing for **KCET **should carefully go through the syllabus prescribed for Mathematics, Pre University College first and second year, Karnataka. Some of the chapters and topics are also covered in the prescribed syllabus of different boards.

The chapters with highest weightage in Mathematics, PUC first year are **Trigonometric functions, Limits and Derivatives & Sequence and Series**. In the Second year syllabus of Mathematics, Chapters with highest weightage are **Integrals, Continuity and Differentiability & Determinants**.

Candidates should carefully go through the previous year question papers in order to identify the recurring topics and questions that are asked in Mathematics paper of Karnataka Common Entrance Test. The individual chapters along with their weightage is provided in the table below.

**KCET 2018 Mathematics PUC (First Year)**

Chapters | Description | Weightage |
---|---|---|

Conic Sections | Definition of a conic and definitions of Circle, parabola, ellipse, hyperbola as a conic. Derivation of Standard equations of circle, parabola, ellipse and hyperbola and problems based on standard forms only. | 9 |

Introduction To 3d Geometry | Coordinate axes and coordinate planes in three dimensions. Coordinates of a point. Distance between two points and section formula and problems. | 7 |

Limits And Derivatives | Limits: Indeterminate forms, existence of functional value, Meaning of xa, idea of limit, Left hand limit , Right hand limit, Existence of limit, definition of limit, Algebra of limits, Derivative: Definition and geometrical meaning of derivative, Mentioning of Rules of differentiation, problems, Derivative of x^{n}, sinx, cosx, tanx, constant functions from first principles, etc. | 15 |

Mathematical Reasoning | Definition of proposition and problems, Logical connectives, compound proposition, proble ms, Quantifiers, negation, problems, proving a statement by the method of contradiction by giving counter example. | 6 |

Statistics | Measure of dispersion, range, mean deviation, variance and standard deviation of ungrouped/grouped data. Analysis of frequency distributions with equal means but different variances. | 7 |

Probability | Random experiments: outcomes, sample spaces (set representation). Events: Occurrence of events, ‘not’, ‘and’ & ‘or’ events, exhaustive events, mutually exclusive events. Axiomatic (set theoretic) probability, connections with the theories of earlier classes. Probability of an event, probability of ‘not’, ‘and’, & ‘or’ events. | 9 |

Trigonometric Functions | Positive and negative angles, Measuring angles in radians and in degrees and conversion from one measure to another, Identities related to sin2x, cos2x, tan2x, sin3x, cos3x and tan3x, General solution of trigonometric equations of the type sinθ = sin α, cosθ = cosα and tanθ = tan α, and problems, Proofs and simple applications of sine and cosine rule, etc. | 19 |

Principle Of Mathematical Induction | Process of the proof by induction, motivating the application of the method by looking at natural numbers as the least inductive subset of real numbers, The principle of mathematical induction and simple problems based on summation only, etc. | 5 |

Complex Numbers And Quadratic Equations | Need for complex numbers, especially √, to be motivated by inability to solve every quadratic equation. Brief description of algebraic properties of complex numbers. solution of quadratic equations in the complex number system, Square-root of a Complex number given in supplement and problems, etc. | 9 |

Linear Inequalities | Linear inequalities, Algebraic solutions of linear inequalities in one variable and their representation on the number line and examples, Graphical solution of linear inequalities in two variables and examples Solution of system of linear inequalities in two variables -graphically and examples | 7 |

Permutation And Combination | Fundamental principle of counting. Factorial n Permutations: Definition, examples, derivation of formulae ^{n}Pr, Permutation when all the objects are not distinct, problems. Combinations: Definition, examples Proving ^{n}Cr= ^{n}Pr r!, ^{n}Cr = ^{n}Cn-r; ^{n}Cr +^{n}Cr-1 = ^{n}+1Cr, Problems based on above formulae. | 9 |

Binomial Theorem | History, statement and proof of the binomial theorem for positive integral indices. Pascal’s triangle, general and middle term in binomial expansion, Problems based on expansion, finding any term, term independent of x, middle term, coefficient of x^{r} . | 8 |

Sequence And Series | Sequence and Series: Definitions Arithmetic Progression (A.P.): Definition, examples, general term of AP, nth term of AP, sum to n term of AP, problems. Arithmetic Mean (A.M.) and problems Geometric Progression (G.P.): general term of a G.P., n^{th} term of GP, sum of n terms of a G.P., and problems. Infinite G.P and its sum, geometric mean (G.M.). Relation between A.M. and G.M. and problems. | 11 |

Straight Lines | Derivation of equation of lines parallel to axes, point-slope form, slope-intercept form, two-point form, intercepts form and normal form and problems, General equation of a line, Equation of family of lines passing through the point of intersection of two lines and Problems, Distance of a point from a line , distance between two parallel lines and problems, etc. | 10 |

Sets | Empty set, Finite and Infinite sets, Equal sets, Subsets, Subsets of the set of real numbers especially intervals (with notations), Power set, Universal set, Union and intersection of sets, Difference of sets, Complement of a set, Properties of Complement sets, Simple practical problems on union and intersection of two sets, etc, | 8 |

Relations And Functions | Cartesian product of sets, Number of elements in the Cartesian product of two finite sets, Function as a special kind of relation from one set to another, Pictorial representation of a function, domain, co-domain and range of a function, Real valued function of the real variable, domain and range of constant, identity, polynomial rational, modulus, signum and greatest integer functions with their graphs, etc, | 11 |

**KCET 2018 Mathematics PUC (Second Year)**

Chapters | Description | Weightage |
---|---|---|

Relations And Functions | Reflexive, symmetric, transitive, empty, universal and equivalence relations, inverse of a function composite functions, mentioning their properties only, associative, commutative, identity, inverse, etc. | 11 |

Inverse Trigonometric Functions | Definition, range, domain, principal value branches. Mentioning domain and range of trigonometric and inverse trigonometric functions, Conversion of one inverse trigonometric function to another, etc. | 8 |

Matrices | Column matrix, row matrix, rectangular matrix, square matrix, zero matrix, diagonal matrix, scalar matrix and unit matrix, Equality of matrices, Addition, multiplication, scalar multiplication of matrices, Transpose of a matrix, Symmetric and skew symmetric matrices, Concept of elementary row and column operations, etc. | 9 |

Determinants | Determinant of a square matrix: Definition, expansion, properties of determinants, minors , cofactors and problems, Adjoint and inverse of a square matrix, definition of singular and non-singular matrices, mentioning their properties, etc. | 12 |

Continuity And Differentiability | Continuity: Definition, continuity of a function at a point and on a domain. Examples and problems, Algebra of continuous functions, problems, Differentiability: Definition, Theorem connecting differentiability and continuity, Derivative of composite functions, Derivatives of inverse trigonometric functions, Derivative of implicit function, Logarithmic differentiation, etc. | 20 |

Application Of Derivatives | Tangents and normal, Derivative as a Rate of change: derivative as a rate measure and problems, Increasing/decreasing functions, Maxima and minima, Approximation, etc. | 10 |

Integrals | Integration as inverse process of differentiation: List of all the results immediately follows from knowledge of differentiation, Methods of Integration, Integration by partial fractions, Integrals of some particular functions, Integration by parts, Definite integrals, etc. | 22 |

Application Of Integrals | Area under the curve: area under simple curves, especially lines, arcs of circles/parabolas/ellipses, Area bounded by two above said curves: problems | 8 |

Differential Equations | Definition-differential equation, order and degree, general and particular solutions of a differential equation, Solution of differential equations by method of separation of variables, Homogeneous differential equations of first order and first degree, etc. | 10 |

Vector Algebra | Definition of Vectors and scalars, magnitude and direction of a vector, Direction cosines/ratios of vectors, Components of a vector, Scalar (dot) product of vectors, Vector (cross) product of vectors, Scalar triple product, etc. | 11 |

Three Dimensional Geometry | Direction cosines/ratios of a line joining two points, Straight lines in space: Cartesian and vector equation of a line passing through given point and parallel to given vector, Cartesian and vector equation of aline passing through two given points, coplanar and skew lines, etc. Plane: Cartesian and vector equation of a plane in normal form, equation of a plane passing through the given point and perpendicular to given vector, equation of a plane passing through three non-collinear points, Intercept form of equation of a plane, angle between two planes, etc. | 11 |

Linear Programming | Introduction of L.P.P. definition of constraints, objective function, optimization, constraint equations, non- negativity restrictions, Mathematical formulation-mathematical formulation of L.P.P, Different types of L.P.P, etc. | 7 |

Probability | Conditional probability – definition, properties, problems, Baye’s theorem, theorem of total probability and problems, Probability distribution of a random variable-definition of a random variable, Bernoulli trials and Binomial distribution, etc. | 11 |

Physics is an important paper for all the candidates who are applying for admission to various courses through Karnataka Common Entrance Test (KCET) 2018. Candidates will have to prepare from the syllabus prescribed for both PUC first and second year. The Weightage among all the chapters is almost evenly distributed. **Motion in Plane, Laws of motion, Work, Energy & Power and Waves **are some of the crucial topics from Physics syllabi of PUC, first year.

Some of the important topics from Physics syllabus of PUC, second year are include **Current Electricity, Semiconductor Electronics and Moving Charges and Magnetism**. All the aspirants should go through the **KCET Previous Year Paper Analysis**to identify some of the frequently asked questions and topics in Physics.

Candidates from other boards can look at the table below for important topics and sections from individual chapters, which they have already covered for their HSC examinations or equivalent.

**KCET 2018 Physics PUC (First Year)**

Chapters | Description | Weightage |
---|---|---|

Physical world | Scope and excitement of physics, Physics, technology and society, Mention of fundamental forces in nature, Nature of physical laws, etc. | 2 |

Units and measurement | Unit of measurement, System of units, SI units, Fundamental and derived units, Length, mass and time measurements, Accuracy and precision of measuring instruments, Dimensions of physical quantities - Dimensional analysis and its applications, etc. | 3 |

Motion in a straight line | Definitions of path length and displacement, Definitions of average speed and average velocity, instantaneous speed and instantaneous velocity & uniform and non-uniform motion, Uniformly accelerated motion, Elementary concepts of differentiation and integration for describing motion, etc. | 7 |

Motion in a plane | Scalars and vectors, Position and displacement vectors, Equality of vectors -Multiplication of a vector by real number, Motion in a plane with constant acceleration, Scalar and vector products of two vectors, etc. | 11 |

Laws of motion | Aristotle’s fallacy, Newton’s Three Laws of Motion, Law of conservation of linear momentum, Friction, Dynamics of uniform circular motion, etc. | 10 |

Work energy and power | Definition of Work, Work done by a constant force and a variable force, Kinetic energy, Work-energy theorem, Concept of potential energy, Definition and derivation of power, Collisions: Elastic and inelastic collisions, etc. | 10 |

System of particles and rigid body | Definitions of a rigid body, translatory motion and rotatory motion, Centre of mass of a two-particle system, Equilibrium of rigid body: Mention of conditions for mechanical equilibrium of a rigid body, Kinematics of rotational motion about a fixed axis, etc. | 10 |

Gravitation | Kepler’s laws of planetary motion, Acceleration due to gravity: Derivation of relation between g and G, Gravitational potential energy: Derivation of gravitational potential energy, Earth satellites, etc. | 8 |

Mechanical properties of solids | Elasticity and plasticity, Elastic behavior of solids, Stress and strain, Hooke’s law, Stress-strain curve, Elastic moduli: Definitions and expressions of Young’s modulus, Bulk modulus, etc. | 4 |

Mechanical properties of fluids | Pressure, Derivation of pressure at a point inside a liquid, Gauge pressure, Pascal’s law: Statement and its applications, Streamline flow, Bernoulli’s principle, Viscosity, Reynolds number, Surface tension, etc. | 4 |

Thermal properties of matter | Temperature and heat, Thermal expansion of solids, Thermal expansion of gases, Specific heat capacity, Principle of calorimetry, Heat transfer, etc. | 9 |

Thermodynamics | Thermal equilibrium, Laws of Thermodynamics, Adiabatic process, Heat engines, Refrigerators, Reversible and irreversible processes, etc. | 7 |

Kinetic theory | Equation of state of a perfect gas, Kinetic theory of an ideal gas, Degrees of freedom, Law of equipartition of energy: Statement and application to specific heat capacities of monatomic, diatomic and polyatomic gases, Concept of mean free path, etc. | 4 |

Oscillations | Periodic and oscillatory motion: Definitions of Period and Frequency, Displacement as a function of time, Periodic functions, Simple harmonic motion, Oscillations due to a spring, etc. | 7 |

Waves | Wave motion, Longitudinal and transverse waves, Mention of displacement relation in a progressive wave, Amplitude and phase, Wavelength and angular wavenumber, Period, frequency and angular frequency, Speed of traveling wave, etc. | 9 |

**KCET 2018 Physics PUC (Second Year)**

Chapters | Description | Weightage |
---|---|---|

Electric Charges and Fields | Electric charges and their properties: Additivity of charges, quantisation of charges and conservation of charges, Coulomb’s law, Electric field: Definition of electric field, Continuous charge distribution, Electric dipole, Electric field lines: Properties and representation, etc. | 8 |

Electrostatic Potential and Capacitance | Electric potential: Definition of electric potential at a point, Derivation of electric potential due to a point charge, Mention of expression for electric potential due a short electric dipole at any point, Equipotential surfaces, Electric potential energy, Electrostatics of conductors, Capacitors and capacitance, Combination of capacitors | 8 |

Current Electricity | Definition of electric current, Electric currents in a conductor, Ohm’s law, Drift of electrons and origin of resistivity, Electrical energy and power, Cells, Combination of cells, etc. | 13 |

Moving Charges and Magnetism | Concept of magnetic field, Oersted’s experiment, Motion of a charge in a uniform magnetic field, Velocity selector, Ampere’s circuital law, Derivation of the force between two parallel current carrying conductors, Current loop as a magnetic dipole, Moving coil galvanometer, etc. | 9 |

Magnetism and Matter | Bar magnet: Properties of magnetic field lines, Gauss law in magnetism, Earth’s magnetic field and its elements, Magnetic properties of materials, Hysteresis, Hysteresis loop, definitions of retentivity and coercivity, etc. | 7 |

Electromagnetic Induction | Experiments of Faraday and Henry, Lenz’s law, Inductance - Mutual inductance, Self-inductance, AC generator, etc. | 6 |

Alternating Current | Mention of expression for instantaneous, peak and rms values of alternating current and voltage, AC voltage applied to a resistor, AC voltage applied to an inductor, AC voltage applied to series LCR circuit, Mention of expression for power in ac circuit, LC oscillations, etc. | 7 |

Electromagnetic Waves | Displacement current, need for displacement current, expression for displacement current, expression for Ampere-Maxwell law, Electromagnetic waves, Electromagnetic spectrum, etc. | 2 |

Ray Optics and Optical Instruments | Reflection of light by spherical mirrors, Refraction of light, Total internal reflection, Refraction at spherical surfaces, Refraction by a Lens, Refraction of light through a prism, Scattering of light, Optical instruments, etc. | 8 |

Wave Optics | Wave front, Huygens principle - Refraction of plane wave (rarer to denser), derivation of Snell’s law, Explanation of refraction of a plane wave, Young’s experiment, Diffraction, Resolving power of optical instruments, Polarisation, etc. | 8 |

Dual Nature of Radiation And Matter | Electron emission, Definition of electron volt, Types of electron emission, Photoelectric effect, Definition of work function, threshold frequency and stopping potential, Einstein’s photoelectric equation, Particle nature of light, Wave nature of matter, etc. | 5 |

Atoms | Alpha particle scattering, Schematic diagram of Geiger-Marsden experiment, Rutherford’s model of an atom, Atomic spectra, Bohr model of hydrogen atom, Derivation of energy of electron in stationary states of hydrogen atom, etc. | 5 |

Nuclei | Definition of atomic mass unit, Isotopes, isobars and isotones, explanation of mass defect and binding energy, Nuclear fission and nuclear fusion, Radioactivity, etc. | 6 |

Semiconductor Electronics | Energy bands in solids, Classification of solids on the basis of energy bands, Semiconductor diode, Diode as a rectifier, Zener diode, Junction transistor, Transistor as a switch, Transistor as an oscillator, Logic gates, etc. | 10 |

Communication Systems | Block diagram of generalized communication system, Transducer, Signal, Noise, Transmitter, Receiver, Attenuation, Amplification, Range, Bandwidth, bandwidth of transmission medium for coaxial cable, free space and optical fibers, Propagation of electromagnetic waves, etc. | 3 |

Chemistry is another important paper for all the appearing candidates. The aspirants should go through the Chemistry syllabus prescribed for PUC first and second year, Karnataka. The chapters which carry highest weightage in the first year are **States of Matter- Gases and Liquids, Equilibrium and Organic Chemistry – Some basic principles & Techniques**.

In the second year PUC syllabus of Chemistry, some of the significant chapters **are p-Block Elements, Electrochemistry, Chemical Kinetics & d and f Block Elements**. Candidates should focus on the important topics by identifying from the previous year question papers.

Candidates should pay equal attention to the syllabus of PUC first year and PUC second year to cover all the major topics and score well in KCET 2018 Chemistry paper. Those who have passed HSC examination (10+2) from other boards can refer to the detailed syllabus below to identify the similar topics which are covered in the syllabus prescribed by their own boards.

**KCET 2018 Chemistry PUC (First Year)**

Chapters | Description | Weightage |
---|---|---|

Some Basic Concepts of Chemistry | General introduction: Importance and scope of chemistry, Properties of matter and their measurement, Laws of chemical combination, Dalton’s atomic theory, Atomic and molecular masses, Avogadro constant, mole and molar mass, Reactions in solutions, etc. | 8 |

Structure of Atom | Discovery of electron, Discovery of proton, Discovery of neuron, Atomic number, mass number, isotopes, Atomic models, Bohr’s model, Rutherford atomic model, Quantum numbers, etc. | 10 |

Classification of Elements and Periodicity in Properties | Significance of classification, Mendeleev periodic law, Henry Moseley observation based on X- ray spectra of elements, account of groups, periods, s, p, d and f blocks, Periodic trends in properties of elements with reason, etc. | 8 |

Chemical Bonding and Molecular Structure | Chemical bond, valence electrons, Octet rule, Lewis symbols, Lewis representation of some simple molecules, Bond parameters, Geometry of molecules, Hybridisation concept, Salient features, formation of molecular orbitals by LCAO method, etc. | 10 |

States of Matter- Gases and Liquids | Three states of matter, intermolecular forces, Thermal energy- intermolecular forces vs thermal interactions, Gaseous state: characteristics (mention), gas laws, Ideal gas: definition, ideal gas equation –derivation(from gas laws), SI units to be calculated, Kinetic molecular theory of gases, Liquid state: vapour pressure, normal and standard boiling points, Surface tension and viscosity, etc. | 11 |

Thermodynamics | Thermodynamic terms – concepts of system, surroundings, Internal energy: as a state function, work and heat, Exothermic and endothermic reactions, Heat capacity, specific heat, Thermochemical equations- examples , enthalpy of a reaction, Spontaneous and non-spontaneous processes, etc. | 4 |

Equilibrium | Equilibrium state of a system–equilibrium in physical processes, Equilibrium in chemical processes, Applications of equilibrium constant, Ionisation constant of weak acid and weak base, Hydrolysis of salts, pH of their solutions, etc. | 11 |

Redox reactions | Concept of oxidation and reduction, Redox reactions, Oxidation number, Oxidation, reduction, oxidizing agent/oxidant, Types of redox reactions, etc. | 4 |

Hydrogen | Position of hydrogen in periodic table, reaction with halogens, dioxygen, physical properties, chemical properties, dinitrogen, Hydrides – classification, Dihydrogen as a fuel – meaning of hydrogen economy | 3 |

s – Block Elements | Group – I & Group – II: elements electronic configuration, occurrence, trends in ionization enthalpy, hydration enthalpy, atomic and ionic radii, Anomalous properties of lithium, Preparation and properties of some compounds, Biological importance of sodium and potassium, etc. | 6 |

Some p – Block Elements | General introduction to p– block elements-electronic configuration, oxidation states, inert pair effect, anomalous behaviour of first member of each group, Group 13 elements, Group – 14 elements, Carbon: anomalous behaviour, reason, catenation, allotropic forms, etc. | 7 |

Organic Chemistry – Some basic principles & Techniques | General introduction, mention urea as first organic compound synthesized by Wohler, Classification of organic compounds, Fundamental concepts in organic reactions, Electron movement in organic reactions, Methods of purification of organic compounds, etc. | 11 |

Hydrocarbons | Classification of hydrocarbons, Alkanes, Chemical properties, Conformational isomerism, Alkenes, Geometrical isomerism, Preparation: by hydrogenation of 2-butyne, Properties, Aromatic hydrocarbons, etc. | 10 |

Environmental chemistry | Environmental pollution, Air pollution or troposphere pollution, Stratospheric Pollution, Water pollution, Soil pollution, Strategies to control environmental pollution, Green chemistry: Introduction, green chemistry in day-to-day life, etc. | 2 |

**KCET 2018 Chemistry PUC (Second Year)**

Chapters | Description | Weightage |
---|---|---|

Solid State | General characteristics of solids: amorphous and crystalline solids, Classification of crystalline solids, Definitions – lattice point, crystal lattice, unit cell, coordination number, Close packing in two dimensional and three dimensional lattices, Point defects-types, Electrical properties, etc. | 7 |

Solutions | Types of Solutions – binary – gaseous, liquid and solids, Solution of liquid in liquid, Solution of a solid in a liquid, Raoult’s law, Numerical problems on determination of molar mass using colligative properties, Abnormal molar mass, etc. | 7 |

Electrochemistry | Redox reaction, differences, strong and weak electrolytes, examples-Ionic conductance, conductivity and molar conductivity of electrolytic solutions-definitions, mathematical expressions, Factors affecting the products of electrolysis, Batteries: types-difference, examples, Leclanche cell (dry cell) and Lead acid battery–anode, etc. | 8 |

Chemical Kinetics | Rate of a reaction – average and instantaneous,with graphs, SI unit, rate of a reaction expressed as rate of change in molar concentration of reactants and products using balanced equation, Molecularity, Temperature dependence, elementary idea of collision theory, etc. | 8 |

Surface chemistry | Adsorption: adsorbate, adsorbent, examples, distinction between adsorption and absorption, Physisorption and chemisorption, Catalysis: homogeneous and heterogeneous catalysis, Classification of colloids-types of colloidal systems, Properties of colloids: Tyndall effect, Brownian movement, etc. | 6 |

General Principles and Processes of Isolation of Elements | Principles and methods of extraction: concentration of ores, hydraulic washing, magnetic separation, froth floatation, leaching of alumina from bauxite, roasting and calcination, extraction of different metals, Refining: principles and examples each for distillation, etc. | 4 |

p-Block Elements | Group 15 elements: General introduction, occurrence, electronic configuration, etc., Dinitrogen, Compounds of nitrogen, Phosphorus: allotropic forms; Group 16 elements: General introduction, occurrence, electronic configuration, etc., Dioxygen, Ozone, Sulphur, Oxoacids of sulphur; Group 17 elements: General introduction, occurrence, electronic configuration, etc., Chlorine, Interhalogen compounds; Group 18 elements: General introduction, occurrence, electronic configuration, etc. | 10 |

d and f Block Elements | General introduction, electronic configuration, characteristics of transition metals, Electronic configuration of 3d series elements, general trends in properties of the first row transition metals, Potassium permanganate, f-block elements: Lanthanoids & Actinoids-electronic configuration, atomic size, etc. | 8 |

Coordination Compounds | General introduction to salts, difference between double salt and coordination, Coordination entity, central metal ion, coordination number, Werner’s theory, CFT (crystal field theory), Spectrochemical series, compare weak field ligand, Isomerism, Stereoisomerism, Importance of coordination compounds, etc. | 6 |

Haloalkanes and Haloarenes | Classification based on hybridization of carbon, Preparation from alcohols, Physical properties, Reactions of haloalkanes, Nucleophilic substitution reactions, Optical isomerism, Elimination reaction ( ß elimination, Haloarenes, Electrophilic substitution reactions for chlorobenzene, Reaction with metals, etc. | 6 |

Alcohols, Phenols and Ethers | Classification: mono, di, tri ,allylic, and benzylic alcohols, mono, di and trihydric phenols, Preparation of alcohols, Preparation of phenol, Physical and Chemical properties of primary alcohols, Esterification and acylation of alcohols/phenols, Reactions of phenol, etc. | 7 |

Aldehydes, Ketones and Carboxylic acids | Aldehydes and ketones: nomenclature, nature of carbonyl group, Methods of preparation: Aldehydes- Stephen reduction, etc. Physical properties: boiling points and solubility, Chemical properties: Nucleophilic addition reactions, Condensation reactions with derivatives of ammonia, Cannizzaro’s reaction, Carboxylic acids, Methods of preparation: oxidation of primary alcohols and toluene, Physical properties: boiling points and solubility, Chemical properties: reaction with PCl3, PCl5, SOCl2, etc. | 8 |

Organic Compounds Containing Nitrogen | Amines: Structure of amines, classification, Methods of preparation: Reduction of nitrobenzene, reduction of nitrile and amide, Physical and Chemical properties, Diazonium salts¸ Retention of diazo group, etc. | 5 |

Biomolecules | Carbohydrates: classification-based on hydrolysis, Glucose, Disaccharide, Polysaccharides, Proteins, Classification of α-amino acids, Hormones, Vitamins, Nucleic acids, etc. | 6 |

Polymers | Polymer, monomer, polymerization, macromolecule, Classification: source, structure, types (mode) of polymerization, Methods of polymerization, Name of monomer/s and partial structure for the polymers, Rubber, Non-biodegradable polymers, etc. | 5 |

Chemistry in Everyday Life | Chemicals in medicines: drugs, chemotherapy - different classes of drugs- antacids, etc.; Chemicals in food: artificial sweetening agents, preservatives; Cleansing agents: soaps, process of saponification with equation, etc. | 4 |

Medical aspirants and those applying for farm science courses are required to appear in KCET 2018 Biology paper. The syllabus for Biology paper is quite vast so candidates should break it into smaller units and give special attention to important chapters and topics. In the PUC first year syllabus of Biology, chapters with highest weightage are **Cell- The Unit of Life, Animal Kingdom and Structural Organization in Animals**.

The second year syllabus of PUC Biology is slightly more complex. Some of the crucial chapters in second year are **Principle of Inheritance and Variation, Molecular Basis of Inheritance, Human Health and Diseases and Strategies for Enhancement of Food products**. The previous year question paper for Biology will help students in identifying and preparing for key topics and recurring questions in the exam.

**KCET 2018 Biology PUC (First Year)**

Chapters | Description | Weightage |
---|---|---|

Body fluids and Circulation | Composition of blood, Blood groups, Coagulation of blood, Composition and functions of Lymph, Human circulatory system, Structure of human heart and blood vessels, Disorders of circulatory system Hypertension, etc. | 4 |

Excretory Products and their Elimination | Modes of excretion Amn1onoteiism. Ureotelism, uricotelism, Human excretory system-structure and function, Urine formulation, Osmoregulation, Regulation of kidney function, Disorders: Uraemia, Renal failure, Renal calculi and Nephritis, etc. | 3 |

Locomotion and Movement | Types of movement ciliary, flagellar, muscular, Skeletal muscle - contractile proteins and muscle, Disorders of muscular and skeletal system, Muscular dystrophy, Arthritis. Osteoporosis and Gout, etc. | 4 |

Neural Control and Co-ordination | Human nervous system, Central Nervous system, Peripheral Nervous system and Visceral Nervous system, Structure of a neuron, Generation and conduction of nerve impulse, etc. | 5 |

Chemical Co-ordination and Integration | Chemical coordination and regulation, Human endocrine system, Hypothalamus, Pituitary, Pineal. Thyroid, Parathyroid, Thymus, Adrenal, Hormones of heart. kidney and gastro-intestinal tract, etc. | 6 |

Transport in Plants | Absorption of water and nutrients, Diffusion and active transport, Imbibition, water potential, osmosis, plasmolysis, Apoplast, Symplast, root pressure. transpiration pull, transport through xylem and phloem, etc. | 6 |

Mineral Nutrition | Essential minerals, macro and micronutrients and their role, Deficiency symptoms, Mineral toxicity, Nitrogen metabolism Nitrogen cycle, biological nitrogen fixation, etc. | 6 |

Photosynthesis in Higher Plants | Autotrophic Nutrition, Priestley’s Experiment, Site of. photosynthesis, structure of chloroplast, Photosynthetic pigments (Elementary idea), light reaction, Cyclic Chemiosmotic and non-cyclic hypothesis, Photorespiration, etc. | 5 |

Respiration in Plants | Cellular respiration glycolysis, fermentation (anaerobic), TCA cycle and electron transport system (aerobic), Respiration balance sheet, Respiratory quotient of nutrients, etc. | 5 |

Plant Growth and Development | Phases and rate of plant growth, Condition of growth, Differentiation, dedifferentiation and redifferentiation, Growth regulators-auxin, gibberellin, cytokinin, ethylene, Photoperiodism, Vernalisation, etc. | 5 |

Digestion and Absorption | Human alimentary canal and Digestive glands, Role of digestive enzymes, Digestion, absorption and assimilation of digested food, Nutritional and digestive disorders, Indigestion, constipation, vomiting, Jaundice, etc. | 3 |

Morphology of Flowering Plants | Morphology and functions of different parts of flowering plants, Root. Stem. leaf, inflorescence, flower, fruit and seed, modification of root, stem and leaf, etc. | 4 |

Anatomy and Flowering Plants | Tissues and tissue system, anatomy of root, stem and leaves of dicot and monocot plant, (Anatomy of root and stem to be studied in practical) | 4 |

Structural Organization in Animals | Animal tissues. organ and organ systems, Digestive, circulatory, respiratory, nervous and reproductive systems, of earth worm, cockroach and frog, etc. | 7 |

Cell – The Unit of Life | Cell definition, Cell theory and cell as the basic unit of life, Structure of a prokaryolic and eukaryotic cell, Plant cell and animal cell, Structure and functions of cell organelles, Cytoskeleton, Nucleus structure, types nuclear based on membrane, position of chromatin, centromere nucleolus; Chromosomes, etc. | 8 |

Biomolecules | Definition, types and functions of proteins, carbohydrates, fats, nucleic acids, Enzymes types, properties, factors affecting enzyme action, etc. | 5 |

Cell Cycle and Cell Division | Cell cycle, Mitosis and meiosis, significance of and differences, between Mitosis and meiosis, etc. | 5 |

Living World | Definition of living organisms, Characteristics of living organisms, Diversity In the living world- biodiversity definition, Nomenclature, Binomial nomenclature, rules, Taxonomic categories, taxonomical aids-herbarium, botanical garden, museum, zoological park, etc. | 3 |

Biological Classification | Classification of living organisms, Five kingdoms of life and basis of five kingdom classification, Salient features and Classification of Monera, Protista and Fungi into major groups, Virus, Viroids and Lichens, etc. | 2 |

Plant Kingdom | Salient feature and classification of plants into major group Algae, Bryophytes. Pleridophytes, Gymnosperms and features of each category, Angiosperms Classification up lo class, characteristic features and examples, etc. | 5 |

Animal Kingdom | Basis of classification and salient features of Major non chordate phyla and chordate classes with examples, etc. | 7 |

Breathing and Exchange of Gases | Respiratory organs in animals, Human respiratory system, Mechanism of Breathing and its regulation, Exchange of gases, transport of gases and regulation of respiration, Disorders related to respiration Asthma, Emphysema, Occupational respiratory disorders, etc. | 3 |

**KCET 2018 Biology PUC (Second Year)**

Chapters | Description | Weightage |
---|---|---|

Human Health and Diseases | Pathogen definition, Mentioning of diseases, causes and symptoms of typhoid, Pneumonia, Common Cold, Malaria, Amoebiosis, Ascariasis, Immunity, AlDS, Cancer, Drugs And Alcohol Abuse | 8 |

Strategies for Enhancement of Food Products | Animal Husbandry- Management of farms and farm animals, AnimaI Breeding: Inbreeding and Outbreeding, Plant Breeding, Single Cell Protein, Tissue Culture, etc. | 8 |

Microbes in Human Welfare | Microbes in household products, Microbes In Industrial Product, Microbes In Sewages Treatment, Microbes In The Production Of Biogas, Microbes As Biocontrol Agents, Microbes As Biofertilizers, etc. | 6 |

Biotech: Principles and Processes | Principles of Biotechnology, Tools of Recombination DNA Technology, Restriction Enzymes, Cloning Vectors, Processes of Recombinant DNA Technology, Isolation of the Genetic Material (DNA), Obtaining the Foreign Gene Product, etc. | 6 |

Biotech: Application | Biotechnology Applications in Agricultural BT Cotton, Biotechnological Applications in Medicine, Genetically Engineered Insulin, Gene Therapy, etc. | 5 |

Organism and Population | Organisms and its Environment, Major Abiotic Factors, Responses to Abiotic Factors, Adaptations, Population attributes, Population Growth, Population Interactions, etc. | 6 |

Ecosystem | Ecosystem structure and function, Productivity, Decomposition, Ecological Pyramids, Succession of Plants, Nutrient Cycling, Ecosystem Carbon Cycle, Ecosystem services, etc. | 6 |

Biodiversity and Conservation | Biodiversity types, Biodiversity of World and India, The importance of species diversity to the ecosystem, Loss of biodiversity, Biodiversity Conservation, etc. | 4 |

Environmental Issues | Air Pollution and its Control, Water Pollution and its Control, Domestic Sewage and industrial effluents, Agrochemicals and their effects, Radioactive waste, Greenhouse effect and Global warming, Ozone depletion and the stratosphere, Deforestation, etc. | 6 |

Reproduction in Organisms | Asexual Reproduction, Budding, Binary Fission, Vegetative Propagation, Sexual Reproduction, Events in Sexual Reproduction, Pre-fertilization events and Post-Fertilization Events, Gametogenesis, Gamete Transfer, etc. | 5 |

Sexual Reproduction in Flowering Plants | Pre-fertilization: Structure and Events, Stamen, Microsporangium and Pollen Grain, Pollination: Kinds of Pollination, Double Fertilization, Post Fertilization: Structures and Events, Apomixis and Polyembryony, etc. | 8 |

Human Reproduction | The male reproductive system, The female reproductive system, Gametogenesis, Menstrual Cycle, Fertilisation and Implantation, Pregnancy and Embryonic Development, Parturition and Lactation, etc. | 7 |

Reproductive Health | Reproductive Health Problems and Strategies, Population Explosion and Birth Control, Contraception and Medical Termination of Pregnancy (MTP), Sexually Transmitted Diseases, Infertility, etc. | 5 |

Principle of Inheritance and Variation | Mendel: Laws of Inheritance, Inheritance of One Gene, Law of segregation, Law of dominance, Inheritance of two genes, Sex Determination, Genetic disorders: Mendelian Disorders and Chromosomal Disorders, etc. | 10 |

Molecular Basis of Inheritance | The DNA, Structure of Polynucleotide Chain, Packaging of DNA Helix, The search for Genetic material, RNA World, Transcription, Genetic Code, Translation, Human Genome Project, DNA Fingerprinting, etc. | 10 |

Evolution | Origin of Life, Evolution of Life Forms, Evidences for Evolution, Mechanism of Evolution, Hardy-Weinberg Principle, Origin and Evolution of man, etc. | 5 |

Candidates preparing for **KCET 2018** can go through the previous year question papers for checking the pattern of questions and topics. Click on the link below to download the KCET Previous Year question paper.

Previous Years Question Papers | ||||
---|---|---|---|---|

KCET 2015 Question Papers | ||||

Download Physics Question Paper | Download Chemistry Question Paper | Download Biology Question Paper | Download Mathematics Question Paper | |

KCET 2014 Question Papers | ||||

Download Physics Question Paper | Download Chemistry Question Paper | Download Biology Question Paper | Download Mathematics Question Paper | |

KCET 2013 Question Papers | ||||

Download Physics Question Paper | Download Chemistry Question Paper | Download Biology Question Paper | Download Mathematics Question Paper | |

KCET 2012 Question Papers | ||||

Download Physics Question Paper | Download Chemistry Question Paper | Download Biology Question Paper | Download Mathematics Question Paper |

*The article might have information for the previous academic years, which will be updated soon subject to the notification issued by the University/College

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