GATE Syllabus

GATE Syllabus is released by the conducting body. For the academic session 2018-19, Indian Institute of Technology Guwahati (IIT Guwahati) will set the syllabus of GATE. Before delving into preparation, one should know about the syllabus and questions that are frequently asked in the exam. It will help a candidate to allocate their time and channel the efforts towards those topics that are considered important by GATE exam setters. Being familiar with that can help tremendously in GATE Preparations.

  • GATE Syllabus is vast for EE, EC, ME and CS papers
  • Syllabus for the exam is of graduate level
  • Graduate Aptitude Test in Engineering (GATE) is conducted for 23 different engineering disciplines
  • The exam consists 3 sections namely General Aptitude, Engineering Mathematics and specific subject of the paper
  • One must note that GATE papers will have General Aptitude as a compulsory section
  • Also, Engineering Mathematics sections are common to most of the papers

GATE syllabus and pattern was revised in 2016. Till date, the pattern has not seen any changes. GATE 2018 will be conducted in online mode. GATE exam pattern includes 2 types of questions - Multiple Choice Questions (MCQs) & Numerical Answer Type (NAT). There will be a total of 65 questions of total 100 marks, to be completed in 3 hours. There is no negative marking for NAT but it is applicable for MCQs.  For 1 mark MCQs, 1/3 marks will be deducted as penalty for every wrong marked answer. Likewise, for 2 marks MCQs, 2/3 marks will be deducted. Know more about GATE Exam Pattern

GATE Exam Pattern

Note: In most of the paper codes, nearly 70 % of the weightage is allocated to the particular subject of the paper. Therefore, candidates have to carefully go through GATE 2018 syllabus for their respective paper codes to identify important topics based on their weightage in the exam.

GATE exam is designed to measure a candidate’s problem-solving ability, concept comprehension, time management skills and aptitude. The syllabus is published on the official portal of GATE 2018 i.e. Candidates can check GATE Sample Papers to get an idea of marking scheme and the pattern of GATE Exam. All the questions in GATE are designed to test following qualities in a candidate:

  1. Recall: These questions are based on facts, formulae, principles and law of the discipline of GATE paper. Answers to these questions can be obtained either from memory of the subject or through one line computation.
  2. Comprehension: GATE will test a candidate's understanding of his core field. This will require him to draw simple conclusions from fundamental ideas.
  3. Application: Logical reasoning of a candidate can help a candidate to get the answers.
  4. Analysis & Synthesis: Questions will be represented with data, images, diagrams etc. that require analysis before it is answered. A synthesis question might require candidate to compare two or more pieces of information.

GATE (Graduate Aptitude Test in Engineering) is jointly regulated by the IITs and IISc on a rotational basis. For this year, IIT Roorkee will hold the exam. It is conducted on annual basis for candidates seeking admission into M.Tech. and PH.D. courses in any of the engineering colleges/ institutes. One may get direct admission to Ph.D program through GATE Score.

GATE Syllabus for General Aptitude (GA)

General Aptitude (GA) is a common section in all GATE Papers. General Aptitude holds 15% weightage. The questions in GA are based on verbal ability and numerical ability. So without much ado, have a look at GATE syllabus for General Aptitude. The 2 subsections in GA section are as follows:

  1. Verbal Ability- The following topics are tested in this section:

  • English Grammar
  • Sentence Completion
  • Verbal Analogies
  • Word Groups
  • Instructions
  • Critical Reasoning
  • Verbal Deduction
  1. Numerical Ability - This section comprises of questions which test the basic mathematical skills of candidates. The following sub topics included in this section are:
  • Numerical computation
  • Numerical Estimation
  • Numerical Reasoning
  • Data Interpretation

Important Books For GATE General Aptitude Section

GATE General Aptitude Book Name Author
A Modern Approach to Verbal & Non-Verbal Reasoning R.S. Aggarwal
Quantitative Aptitude For Competitive Examinations R.S. Aggarwal
High School English Grammar & Composition  Wren and Martin

GATE Syllabus for Engineering Mathematics

Engineering Mathematics holds 15% weightage in GATE for the paper codes: AE, AG, BT, CE, CH, CS, EC, EE, IN, ME, MN, MT, PE, PI, TF, and XEThis section tests candidate’s skills in mathematical methods and techniques which are majorly used in engineering. Following are the sub-topics of engineering mathematics for various papers:

GATE Paper Topics included in Engineering Mathematics
Aerospace Engineering (AE) Linear Algebra, Calculus, Differential Equations
Agricultural Engineering (AG) Linear Algebra, Calculus, Differential Equations, Vector Calculus, Probability, and Statistics, Numerical Methods
Biotechnology (BT) Linear Algebra, Calculus, Differential Equations, Probability and Statistics, Numerical Methods
Civil Engineering (CE) Linear Algebra, Calculus, Ordinary Differential Equations (ODE), Partial Differential Equations (PDE), Probability and Statistics, Numerical Methods
Chemical Engineering (CH) Linear Algebra, Calculus, Differential Equations, Probability and Statistics, Numerical Methods, Complex Variables
Computer Science and Information Technology (CS) Linear Algebra, Calculus, Probability, and Statistics, Discrete Mathematics
Electronics and Communication (EC) Linear Algebra, Calculus, Differential Equations, Probability and Statistics, Numerical Methods, Vector Analysis, Complex Analysis
Electrical Engineering (EE) Linear Algebra, Calculus, Differential Equations, Probability and Statistics, Numerical Methods, Complex Variables, Transform Theory
Instrumentation Engineering (IN) Linear Algebra, Calculus, Differential Equations, Probability and Statistics, Numerical Methods, Analysis of Complex Variables
Mechanical Engineering (ME) Linear Algebra, Calculus, Differential Equations, Probability and Statistics, Numerical Methods, Complex Variables
Metallurgical Engineering (MT) Linear Algebra, Calculus, Differential Equations, Vector Calculus, Probability and Statistics, Numerical Methods
Mining Engineering (MN) Linear Algebra, Calculus, Differential Equations, Vector Calculus, Probability and Statistics, Numerical Methods
Petroleum Engineering (PE) Linear Algebra, Calculus, Differential Equations, Probability and Statistics, Numerical Methods, Complex Variables
Production and Industrial Engineering (PI) Linear Algebra, Calculus, Differential Equations, Probability and Statistics, Numerical Methods, Complex Variables
Textile Engineering and Fiber Science (TF) Linear Algebra, Calculus, Differential Equations, Probability and Statistics, Numerical Methods, Complex Variables
Engineering Sciences (XE) Linear Algebra, Calculus, Ordinary Differential Equations (ODE), Partial Differential Equations (PDE), Probability and Statistics, Numerical Methods, Vector Calculus, Complex Variables

Important Books for Engineering Mathematics

GATE Engineering Mathematics Book Name Author
Higher Engineering Mathematics B. S. Grewal
GATE Engineering Mathematics Made Easy Team

GATE Syllabus – Mechanical Engineering (ME)

The paper code for Mechanical Engineering is ME. It is the oldest and widest branch in GATE. Hence, aspiring engineering candidates prefer it the most. The branch applies the principles of engineering, physics and material science for the design, analysis, manufacturing and maintenance of mechanical systems. This branch of engineering involves design, production, and operation of machinery. Mentioned below are the important topics that will form GATE Syllabus for Mechanical Engineering (ME).

Manufacturing Thermal Sciences
  • Orthogonal Cutting
  • Tool Life Equation Problems
  • Casting Types and Design
  • Resistance Welding
  • Problems in Welding
  • 1st and 2nd Law Problems
  • Steam Turbines
  • Laws of TD and Properties
  • Problems of Diesel
  • Otto
  • Dual Cycle
  • Detonation and Knocking
  • Turbo Machinery
Fluid Mechanics Heat Transfer
  • Velocity Potential
  • Flow through Pipes
  • Boundary Layer Theory
  • Buoyancy
  • Surface Tension
  • Capillary
  • Applications of Bernoulli equation
  • Centrifugal pumps
  • Specific speeds of turbine and pumps
  • Numbers in convection like Pr No, Gr No, Re No, etc.
  • Problems on conduction
  • Critical thickness
  • Shape factor in radiation
  • Problem in Heat exchangers like NTU
Theory of Machines and Vibration
  • Planetary gear train
  • Gears LOC, POC
  • Shafts Problems
  • Governors & Fly Wheel
  • Linkages
  • Pairs & its applications
  • Inversions of Single & double slider crank
Download Full GATE 2018 Syllabus for Mechanical Engineering 

Important Books for GATE Mechanical Engineering

Book Name Author/ Publisher
Engineering Thermodynamics P.K. Nag, Edition: 5
Introduction to Fluid Mechanics & Fluid Machines S K Som, Gautam Biswas, S Chakraborty, Edition: 3
 Fundamentals of Engineering Heat and Mass Transfer R.C. Sachdeva, Edition: 4
Theory of Machines S S Rattan, Edition: 4
Engineering Mechanics S. Timoshenko, D.H. Young, J.V. Rao, Sukumar Pati, Edition: 5

GATE Syllabus – Computer Science Engineering (CSE)

CSE stands for Computer Science Engineering. This field deals with implementation, designing and management of information system of both software and hardware processes. GATE Syllabus for CSE with important topics is tabulated below:

Programming and Data Structures Algorithms
  • Recursive Programs
  • Trees and Graphs
  • Trees
  • Stacks
  • Queues Trees
  • Recursive Functions
  • Pointers 
  • Algorithm Analysis
  • Heap Trees
  • Sorting and Graph Algorithm
  • Searching and Sorting Algorithm
  • Dynamic Programming Algorithm
  • Divide and Conquer
  • Greedy Algorithm
Operating Systems Digital Logic
  • CPU Scheduling Algorithms
  • Paging
  • Semaphores
  • Page Replacement Algorithm
  • Deadlock
  • Disk Scheduling Algorithm
  • Page Replacement
  • Segmentation
  • Combinational Circuits: Multiplexer, Decoder and De-Multiplexer
  • Combinational Circuits
  • Minimizational Circuits
  • Sequential Circuits
  • Minimization and Counters
  • Number System
  • Fixed and Floating Point Registers
Computer Organization & Architecture Databases
  • Pipelining
  • Cache Organization
  • Addressing Modes 
  • Machine Cycles
  • I/O Data Transfer
  • Relational Algebra
  • Relational Algebra
  • Normalization
  • SQL/ SQL Queries
  • Tuple Calculus
  • Transactions
  • Serializability
Computer Network Theory of Computation
  • IP Addressing
  • Routing Algorithms
  • TCP and UDP
  • Application Protocols
  • Ethernet
  • Congestion Control
  • Encyption and Decryption Algorithms
  • DFA
  • CFL and DCFL
  • Regular Languages
  • Regular Expressions
  • Undecidability
  • Closure Properties
  • Formal Grammars
  • CNF
Download Full  GATE 2018 Syllabus for CSE

Important Books for GATE CSE

Book Name Author/Publisher
The C Programming language Brian W. Kernighan, Dennis M. Ritchie, Edition: 2
Classic Data Structures Debasis Samanta, Edition: 2
Introduction to Algorithms Thomas H. Cormen, Charles E. Leiserson, Ronald L. Rivest, and Clifford Stein, Edition: 3
Computer Networking: A Top-Down Approach James F. Kurose, Keith W. Ross, Edition: 6

GATE Syllabus – Civil Engineering (CE)

GATE Civil Engineering Exam 2018 is one of the most reputed exams for any graduate engineers. The exam will help in understanding a candidate’s ability to work in the development sector of our country. Through this exam, it helps in understanding a candidate’s knowledge in design, construction, and maintenance of physical and naturally build structures like roads, canalsGATE Civil Engineering paper code is CE.

Structural Engineering Geotechnical Engineering
  • Solid Mechanics
  • Steel Structures
  • Structural Analysis
  • Soil Mechanics
  • Foundation Engineering 
Water Resources Engineering Environmental Engineering
  • Hydrology
  • Fluid Mechanics
  • Hydraulics
  • Irrigation
  • Water and waste water disposal
  • Air Pollution
  • Noise Pollution
  • Municipal Solid Waste
Transportation Engineering Geomatics Engineering
  • Transportation Infrastructure
  • Highway Pavements
  • Traffic Engineering
  • Surveying
  • Basics of Geographical Information System (GIS)
  • Geographical Positioning System (GPS)
Download Full  GATE Syllabus for Civil Engineering

Important Books for GATE Civil Engineering

Book Name Author/Publisher
Basic Structural Analysis C.S.Reddy, Edition: 3rd
R.C.C. Designs B.C.Punmia, Ashok Kumar Jain, Arun Jain Edition: 3rd
Design Of Steel Structures S.K Duggal Edition: 3rd
Surveying (vol. 1,2,3) B.C.Punia, Askok jain, Arun Jain
Engineering Hydrology K Subramanya, Edition: 4th

GATE Syllabus – Electrical Engineering (EE)

Electrical Engineering is a field of engineering that generally deals with the study and application of electricity, electronics, and electromagnetism. The paper code for this paper is EEE. Tabulated below are the important topics for GATE Exam.

Electric Circuits

Electromagnetic Fields

  • Network graph
  • KCL, KVL, Node and Mesh analysis
  • Sinusoidal steady-state analysis
  • Thevenin’s theorem, Norton’s theorem
  • Three phase circuits
  • Electric Field Intensity, Electric Flux Density, Gauss's Law,
  • Electric field & potential due to point, line, plane & spherical charge distributions
  • Biot-Savart’s law, Ampere’s law
  • Self and Mutual inductance of simple configurations

Signals and Systems

Electrical Machines

  • Representation of continuous and discrete-time signals.
  • Linear Time Invariant and Causal systems, Sampling theorem.
  • Applications of Fourier Transform, Laplace Transform and z-Transform
  • Single phase transformer,
  • Three phase transformers,
  • Auto-transformer, DC machines, Three phase induction motors, Operating principle of single phase induction motors, Synchronous machines
  • Types of losses and efficiency calculations of electric machines.

Power Systems

Control Systems

  • Power generation concepts
  • Electric field distribution and insulators
  • Gauss-Seidel and Newton-Raphson load flow methods
  • Voltage and Frequency control, Power factor correction
  • Symmetrical components, Symmetrical and unsymmetrical fault analysis,
  • Circuit breakers, System stability concepts
  • Mathematical modeling and representation of systems
  • Feedback principle, transfer function, Block diagrams and Signal flow graphs
  • Transient and Steady-state analysis of linear time invariant systems
  • Routh-Hurwitz and Nyquist criteria, Bode plots.
  • P, PI and PID controllers; State space model, State transition matrix.

Electrical and Electronic Measurements

Analog and Digital Electronics

  • Bridges and Potentiometers
  • Measurement of voltage, current, power, energy and power factor
  • Instrument transformers, Digital voltmeters and multimeters
  • Phase, Time and Frequency measurement; Oscilloscopes
  • Characteristics of diodes, BJT, MOSFET
  • Oscillators and Feedback amplifiers
  • Operational amplifiers
  • 8085Microprocessor

Power Electronics

  • Characteristics of semiconductor power devices: Diode, Thyristor, Triac, GTO, MOSFET, IGBT;
  • DC to DC conversion: Buck, Boost and Buck-Boost converters;
  • Single and three phase configurations of uncontrolled rectifiers, Line commutated thyristor based converters, Bidirectional ac to dc voltage source converters,
  • Issues of line current harmonics, Power factor, Distortion factor of ac to dc converters,
  • Single phase and three phase inverters, Sinusoidal pulse width modulation.
Download Full GATE Syllabus for Electrical and Electronics

Important Books for Electrical Engineering

Book Name Author/Publisher
Electrical Power Systems C. L. Wadhwa, Edition: 6
Electrical Machinery Author's Name: P. S. Bimbhra, Edition: 7
Control Systems Engineering I.J.Nagrath , M. Gopal, Edition: 5
Power System Engineering  I Nagrath , D Kothari, Edition: 2

GATE Syllabus –  Electronics and Communication Engineering (ECE)

This is a discipline that combines electrical and communication engineering together. ECE stands for Electronics and Communication Engineering. It is one of the most popular and competitive stream amoung the aspiring engineers. Mentioned below are the most important topics for GATE exam.

Networks, Signals and Systems

Electronic Devices

  • Network solution methods
  • Network theorems
  • Linear 2-port network parameters
  • Continuous-time signals
  • Discrete-time signals
  • LTI systems
  • Digital filter design techniques.
  • Energy bands in intrinsic and extrinsic silicon; Carrier transport
  • P-N junction, Zener diode, BJT, MOS capacitor, MOSFET, LED, photo diode and solar cell
  • Integrated circuit fabrication process

Analog Circuits

Digital Circuits

  • Small signal equivalent circuits of diodes, BJTs and MOSFETs; Simple diode circuits
  • Single-stage BJT and MOSFET amplifiers
  • BJT and MOSFET amplifiers
  • Sinusoidal oscillators
  • Function generators, wave-shaping circuits and 555 timers
  • Voltage reference circuits
  • Power supplies: ripple removal and regulation.
  • Number systems; Combinatorial circuits
  • Sequential circuits
  • Data converters
  • Semiconductor memories
  • 8-bit microprocessor (8085)

Control Systems


  • Basic control system components
  • Block diagram representation
  • Signal flow graph
  • Transient and steady-state analysis of LTI systems;
  • Frequency response;
  • Routh-Hurwitz and Nyquist stability criteria; Bode and root-locus plots; Lag, lead and lag-lead compensation;
  • State variable model and solution of state equation of LTI systems.
  • Random processes
  • Analog communications
  • Information theory
  • Digital communications
  • Fundamentals of error correction, Hamming codes;
  • Timing and frequency synchronization, inter-symbol interference and its mitigation
  • Basics of TDMA, FDMA and CDMA.


  • Electrostatics
  • Maxwell’s equations
  • Plane waves and properties
  • Transmission lines
  • Waveguides
  • Antennas
  • Basics of radar
  • Light propagation in optical fibers
Download Full  GATE Syllabus for ECE

Important GATE Books for Electronics and Communication

Book Name Author/Publisher
Microelectronic Circuits : Theory and Applications Adel S. Sedra, Kenneth C. Smith, Edition: 6
Fundamentals of Electric Circuits Charles K. Alexander , Matthew N. O. Sadiku, Edition: 5
Automatic Control Systems Benjamin C. Kuo, Edition: 9
Digital Logic and Computer Design M. Morris Mano, Edition: 1
Principles of Communication Systems Goutam Saha , Herbert Taub , Donald Schilling, Edition: 3

GATE Syllabus – Architecture and Planning (AR)

The paper code for this exam in GATE is AR. It is again the most desired and competitive field amoung the graduate engineers. Tabulated below are important chapters with the topics that are likely to appear in GATE.

City Planning Housing
  • Evolution of Cities
  • Sustainable Development
  • Eco City Concept
  • Planning Regulations
  • Housing Typology
  • Finance and Management
  • Housing Programs in India
  • Housing Policies
  • Site Planning Principles
Landscape Design Computer Aided Design
  • Landscape design and Material Used
  • Methodology and Styles
  • Environmental Concerns
  • Application of Computers
  • Graphics
  • Languages (C, Visual Basic, AutoCAD, 3D-Studio)
Visual and Urban Design Development of Contemporary Architecture
  • Knowledge of Design
  • Material Used
  • Styles Followed
  • Images and Pattern
  • Influence in Society
  • Impact of New Development
  • Post Modernism
Download Full  GATE Syllabus for Architecture & Planning

Important Books for Architecture and Planning

GATE Books for Architecture and Planning

GATE Architecture and Planning Book Name Author
Landscape Architect's  Siobhan Vernon and Nicola Garmory
Architecture: Form, Space, and Order  Francis D. K. Ching
The Urban Pattern  Simon Eisner
Strength of Material R.S Khurmi

GATE Question Papers, Sample Papers

GATE Syllabus for other Papers

Tabulated below are the PDF syllabus files for all the papers of GATE:

GATE Papers GATE Paper Code
GATE Syllabus for Aerospace Engineering AE
GATE Syllabus for Agriculture Engineering AG
GATE Syllabus for Biotechnology BT
GATE Syllabus for Chemical Engineering CH
GATE Syllabus for Chemistry CY
GATE Syllabus for Ecology & Evolution EY
GATE Syllabus for Engineering Science XE
GATE Syllabus for Geology & Geophysics GG
GATE Syllabus for Instrumentation Engineering IN
GATE Syllabus for Life Sciences XL
GATE Syllabus for Mathematics MA
GATE Syllabus for Metallurgical Engineering MT
GATE Syllabus for Mining Engineering MN
GATE Syllabus for Petroleum Engineering PE
GATE Syllabus for Physics PH
GATE Syllabus for Production and Industrial Engineering PI
GATE Syllabus for Textile Engineering and Fiber Science TF