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CLAT Exam Pattern 2018

Updated On - October 13th 2017

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Common Law Admission Test or CLAT will be organised in online mode by National University of Advanced Legal Studies (NUALS) Kochi. CLAT Exam Pattern is designed to check a candidates knowledge of English, Logical Reasoning, General Knowledge, Legal Aptitude and Mathematics. In order to crack CLAT 2018, it is important to understand the exam pattern and attempt all the sections with proficiency. 

Listed below are quick facts related to CLAT Exam Pattern:

  • The mode of examination is online (Computer Based Test).
  • The paper pattern for the law entrance exams (LLB and LLM) will be different. Download Free CLAT Sample Papers
  • The exam will be conducted in English language only.
  • CLAT LLB Exam will comprise 200 questions from English, General Knowledge & Current affairs, Elementary Mathematics, Legal Aptitude and Logical reasoning.
  • CLAT MMB Exam will comprise 150 questions from Constitutional Law, Jurisprudence and topics such as Contracts, Torts, Criminal Law, International Law etc.
  • Every correct answer will gain 1 mark and every wrong answer will result in ¼ mark deduction

What is CLAT Exam Pattern?

The exam pattern for the Common Law Admission Test is declared by the conducting body every year. Tabulated below are important highlights of CLAT Paper Pattern 2018:

Exam ModeOnline (CBT- Computer Based Test)
Time Duration

LLB & LLM Program: 2 hours each

Questions TypeObjective Type (MCQs)
Total Sections

LLB Program – 5 sections

LLM Program – 3 sections

CLAT Marking Scheme+1 for correct answer; -0.25 for incorrect answer 

CLAT Exam Pattern for LLB

The paper pattern varies for both the programs. Listed below is the pattern for CLAT LLB Program:

  • There are 5 sections in LLB exam. They are as follows :
    1. English (including Comprehension)
    2. General Knowledge & Current Affairs
    3. Elementary Mathematics (Numerical Ability)
    4. Legal Aptitude and
    5. Logical Reasoning

Tabulated below is the highlight of CLAT LLB Paper Pattern:

CLAT LL.B. PatternDetails
Maximum Questions200
Maximum Marks 200
Duration of CLAT 20182 hours
Nature of QuestionsObjective Type
Negative Marking0.25 Mark

Section-wise Distribution for LL.B.

The section-wise distribution of question in the undergraduate paper is given below:

SectionTotal QuestionsMaximum Marks
English (including Comprehension)4040
GK and Current Affairs5050
Elementary Mathematics2020
Legal Aptitude5050
Logical Reasoning4040
Total200 Questions200 Marks

CLAT Syllabus for UG Course

  • CLAT Syllabus for the Undergraduate program covers questions from General Knowledge & Current Affairs, Legal Aptitude, English, Mathematics, Logical Reasoning.
  • The GK and Legal Aptitude section will carry the highest weightage in the law entrance exam. 

The details regarding each course in order of their weightage is provided below for the reference of students:

In General Knowledge & Current Affairs 

  • The syllabus is usually very vast and varied for this section.
  • This section will include questions from both General Knowledge as well as Current Affairs.
  • The questions on GK will test the knowledge of candidates on some of the prominent aspects of general knowledge.
  • Current Affairs section will include questions on some of the important topics of national and international affairs.
  • Some of the frequently asked topics are mentioned below for reference:
    1. Outline of Indian Economy 
    2. National Income of India 
    3. Indian Tax Structure 
    4. Major Industries in India
    5. Banking & Finance
Know How to Prepare for GK Section?

In Legal Aptitude

  • This section will test candidates’ ability and interest towards understanding and solving issues of legal nature.
  • They will have to apply their research aptitude and reasoning to solve various legal propositions.
  • This section will cover the following topics:
    1. Legal fundamentals and terms 
    2. Legal Maxims and Important Landmarks 
    3. Supreme Court Judgments
Know How to Prepare for Legal Aptitude?

In English including Comprehension 

  • This section aims to test the grammatical knowledge of candidates.
  • The questions will focus on making corrections in sentences that are grammatically incorrect, filling the blanks in sentences with suitable words, jumbled sentences, idioms and phrases etc. 
  • It will also include passage of approximately 300-400 words.
  • Candidates have to answer questions based on the main theme of the passage as well as some of the key words present in the passage.
  • Some of the important topics to be covered under this section are:
    1. Comprehension Passages 
    2. Subject-Verb Agreement 
    3. Noun 
    4. Pronoun 
    5. Adjective and Determinants 
    6. Adverb
    7. Active Passive Voice
Know How to prepare for English Section?

In Logical Reasoning 

  • The section on Logical Reasoning is aimed at checking candidate’s ability to analyze patterns and arguments.
  • This would include questions on syllogisms, logical sequences, analogies, etc.
  • Candidates will have to understand various conditions set in questions and deduce correct conclusions.
  • The important topics under this section are:
    1. Logical Puzzles 
    2. Statement Conclusions Derivation of Conclusions 
    3. Cause & Effect Reasoning 
    4. Statements Assumptions and Statement Arguments    
Know How to prepare for Logical Reasoning?

In Mathematics (Numerical Ability) 

  • In this section, candidates will be asked to answer questions based on class 10th Mathematics syllabus (elementary mathematics).
  • It will test candidate’s ability to be accurate and quick with numbers and calculations.
  • The key topics in this section are:
    1. Numbers
    2. HCF and LCM 
    3. Fractions
    4. Logarithms
    5. Percentage
    6. Time &Distance
    7. Ratio & Proportion
Know How to prepare for Mathematics?

CLAT Exam Pattern for LL.M.

  • CLAT 2018 for PG programs will encompass topics from Constitutional Law, Jurisprudence, Contract, Torts, Criminal Law, International Law, IPR etc.
  • The exam will have objective type questions.

Tabulated below are the highlights of CLAT LLM Exam:

Maximum Questions150
Maximum Marks150
Duration of CLAT 20182 hours
Nature of QuestionsObjective Type
Negative Marking0.25 marks for each wrong answer

Section-wise Distribution for LL.M.

The question paper for postgraduate courses will have a total of 150 objective type questions. Distribution of questions in each section is indicated in the infographic below:

SectionTotal QuestionsMaximum Marks
Constitutional Law5050
Other Law Subjects5050
Total150 Questions150 Marks

CLAT 2018 Syllabus for PG Course

Constitutional Law and Jurisprudence will both have an equal weightage of 50 marks each in the question paper. Whereas, the rest of the questions will be coming from different topics like Criminal law, International Law, etc. The details regarding Constitutional law and Jurisprudence is given below for reference:

  • Constitutional Law consists various rules, practices, and doctrines that govern the functioning of a modern state and other political communities. Candidates will be asked questions based on concepts that they have studies in their graduation.
  • Jurisprudence in a broad sense can be called the “philosophy of law”. It is classified into three branches - analytical, sociological, and theoretical. The questions in this section will be set on the basis of the syllabus prescribed in the graduation degree course.
  • The Tort Law is comparatively a recent common law development in India based on codifying statutes including statutes related to damages. Some of the crucial tortious obligations like Negligence, Nuisance and Defamation should be revised in detail.
  • Contract can be referred to as a piece of legal document which is a mutual agreement made by two or more parties, enforceable at law. Important decisions made by Supreme Court and High Court in relation to modern day commercial activities form a very crucial part of this subject.
  • Criminal Law, also known as Penal Law is aimed at regulation of Social code of conduct and prohibition of any antisocial activity that pose a threat to the safety, property, health and moral welfare of citizens. Significant topics on principles of criminal liability and mens rea (“guilty mind” in Criminal Law) should be given special attention.
  • International Law as a subject is focused on the set of legal guidelines and contracts that govern the relations between two states or nations. International Laws can be broadly classified into Public International law, Private International Law and Supranational Law.

CLAT Preparation Books

CLAT is a top most competitive law entrance exam and it requires a thorough revision of all the topics. There is no right time to start for the exam, but it is always better to start as soon as you decide to sit for the exam. Hence, it becomes important for a candidate to prepare a schedule, know from where all they should study for CLAT. CheckHow to prepare for CLAT

Candidates can refer following books to prepare for CLAT 2018:

Name of the BookAuthorSubject
Word Power Made EasyNorman LewisEnglish
Objective General English R. S. Aggarwal
Quantitative Aptitude For Competitive Examinations R. S. AggarwalMathematics
Quantitative Aptitude For Competitive Exam 6th Edition Abhijit Guha
Legal Aptitude For The CLAT - Workbook: A Workbook A.P. BhardwajLegal Aptitude
A Modern Approach To Logical ReasoningR. S. AggarwalLogical Reasoning
Analytical ReasoningM K Pandey
Manorama Yearbook 2017 (English)Mammen MathewGeneral Knowledge
Quick Reference General KnowledgeEdgar Thorpe

CLAT 2016 Paper Analysis

For the academic session 2015-16, CLAT 2016 was conducted on May 08, 2016 for both UG & PG Courses. CLAT Result was declared on May 23, 2016. The question paper was similar to previous year pattern comprising of following section-wise distribution:-

SectionNumber of QuestionsGood AttemptGood ScoreDifficulty Level
English4038 and above33 and aboveEasy
General  Knowledge5045 and above40 and aboveModerate
Elementary Mathematics2012 and above10 and aboveModerate
Legal Aptitude5044 and above40 and aboveEasy- Moderate
Logical Reasoning4035 and above33 and aboveEasy – Moderate

Let's now discuss section-wise analysis of CLAT 2016:-

English Section

  • This section was one of the easiest section.
  • The section was divided into 4 types of questions.
  • It included 1 comprehension passage with 10 questions based on it, identifying grammatical error in questions, questions on idioms, migratory words and spelling mistakes and some vocabulary based questions.

General Knowledge Section

  • In this section, 35 questions were based on Current Affairs
  • And there were 15 questions from General Awareness section.

Legal Aptitude Section

  • There were questions from contracts, torts and other type of law questions.
  • 15 questions out of 50 were quite easy to attempt.
  • Overall students felt the questions did not require any prior knowledge to solve this section

Logical Reasoning

  • In this section, 23 questions were of verbal type and 17 questions were from Analytical part.
  • In most of the questions, 2 options were such that it was easily decodable that they are not the correct option. So students had to choose answer only from 2 options.



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how to prepare for clat what are the more law courses

06 Mar, 2017 11:59

Hi Deepraj, to know the procedure for application for CLAT exam, please find the link

11 May, 2017 15:05
Ayush Mandekar

What are the chances of clearing CLAT exams for SC quota candidates?

06 Mar, 2017 11:59

Hi Ayush, to get the idea on SC quota candidates score, you may go through the CLAT category wise cut off. Please find the link for the same

11 May, 2017 15:01

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