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CLAT Exam Pattern 2018 (Updated)

Updated On - December 28th 2017 by KRITIKA GUPTA

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Common Law Admission Test will be organised in online mode by NUALS Kochi. CLAT Exam Pattern is designed to check a candidates knowledge of English, Logical Reasoning, General Knowledge, Legal Aptitude, and Mathematics. In order to crack law entrance examination, it is important to understand the exam pattern and attempt all the sections with proficiency. Download Free CLAT Sample Papers

What is Exam Pattern of CLAT?

Each year, the conducting body prescribes the pattern of the Common Law Admission Test. The following infographic highlights the exam pattern of CLAT 2018.


Exam ModeOnline (CBT- Computer Based Test)
Time Duration

LLB & LLM Program: 2 hours each

Questions TypeObjective Type (MCQs)
Total Sections

LLB Program – 5 sections

LLM Program – 3 sections

CLAT Marking Scheme+1 for correct answer; -0.25 for incorrect answer 

CheckCLAT 2018 Cut Off

CLAT Exam Pattern for LLB

The paper pattern varies for both the programs. Listed below is the pattern for CLAT LLB Program:

  • There are 5 sections in LLB exam. They are as follows :
    1. English (including Comprehension)
    2. General Knowledge & Current Affairs
    3. Elementary Mathematics (Numerical Ability)
    4. Legal Aptitude and
    5. Logical Reasoning

Tabulated below is the highlight of CLAT LLB Paper Pattern:

CLAT LL.B. PatternDetails
Maximum Questions200
Maximum Marks 200
Duration of CLAT 20182 hours
Nature of QuestionsObjective Type
Negative Marking0.25 Mark

Section-wise Distribution for LL.B.

The section-wise distribution of question in the undergraduate paper is given below:

SectionTotal QuestionsMaximum Marks
English (including Comprehension)4040
GK and Current Affairs5050
Elementary Mathematics2020
Legal Aptitude5050
Logical Reasoning4040
Total200 Questions200 Marks

CLAT Syllabus for UG Course

CLAT Syllabus for the UG program covers questions from General Knowledge & Current Affairs, Legal Aptitude, English, Mathematics, Logical Reasoning. The GK and Legal Aptitude section will carry the highest weightage in the law entrance exam. 

The details regarding each course in order of their weightage is provided below for the reference of students:

In General Knowledge & Current Affairs 

  • The syllabus is usually very vast and varied for this section.
  • This section will include questions from both General Knowledge as well as Current Affairs.
  • The questions on GK will test the knowledge of candidates on some of the prominent aspects of general knowledge.
  • Current Affairs section will include questions on some of the important topics of national and international affairs.
  • Some of the frequently asked topics are mentioned below for reference:
    1. Outline of Indian Economy 
    2. National Income of India 
    3. Indian Tax Structure 
    4. Major Industries in India
    5. Banking & Finance

In Legal Aptitude

This section will test candidates’ ability and interest towards understanding and solving issues of legal nature. They will have to apply their research aptitude and reasoning to solve various legal propositions.

  • This section will cover the following topics:
    1. Legal fundamentals and terms 
    2. Legal Maxims and Important Landmarks 
    3. Supreme Court Judgments

In English including Comprehension 

This section aims to test the grammatical knowledge of candidates. The questions will focus on making corrections in sentences that are grammatically incorrect, jumbled sentences, idioms, and phrases etc. It will also include passage of approximately 300-400 words. Candidates have to answer questions based on the main theme of the passage as well as some of the keywords present in the passage.

  • Some of the important topics to be covered under this section are:
    1. Comprehension Passages 
    2. Subject-Verb Agreement 
    3. Noun 
    4. Pronoun 
    5. Adjective and Determinants 
    6. Adverb
    7. Active Passive Voice

In Logical Reasoning 

The section on Logical Reasoning is aimed at checking candidate’s ability to analyze patterns and arguments. This would include questions on syllogisms, logical sequences, analogies, etc. Candidates will have to understand various conditions set in questions and deduce correct conclusions.

  • The important topics under this section are:
    1. Logical Puzzles 
    2. Statement Conclusions Derivation of Conclusions 
    3. Cause & Effect Reasoning 
    4. Statements Assumptions and Statement Arguments    

In Mathematics (Numerical Ability) 

In this section, candidates will be asked to answer questions based on class 10th Mathematics syllabus (elementary mathematics). It will test candidate’s ability to be accurate and quick with numbers and calculations.

  • The key topics in this section are:
    1. Numbers
    2. HCF and LCM 
    3. Fractions
    4. Logarithms
    5. Percentage
    6. Time &Distance
    7. Ratio & Proportion

CLAT Exam Pattern for LL.M.

CLAT 2018 for PG programs will encompass topics from Constitutional Law, Jurisprudence, Contract, Torts, Criminal Law, International Law, IPR etc. The exam will have objective type questions.

Tabulated below are the highlights of CLAT LLM Exam:

Maximum Questions150
Maximum Marks150
Duration of CLAT 20182 hours
Nature of QuestionsObjective Type
Negative Marking0.25 marks for each wrong answer

Section-wise Distribution for LL.M.

The question paper for postgraduate courses will have a total of 150 objective type questions. Distribution of questions in each section is indicated in the infographic below:

SectionTotal QuestionsMaximum Marks
Constitutional Law5050
Other Law Subjects5050
Total150 Questions150 Marks

CLAT 2018 Syllabus for PG Course

Constitutional Law and Jurisprudence will both have an equal weightage of 50 marks each in the question paper. Whereas, the rest of the questions will be coming from different topics like Criminal law, International Law, etc. The details regarding Constitutional law and Jurisprudence is given below for reference:

  • Constitutional Law consists various rules, practices, and doctrines that govern the functioning of a modern state and other political communities. Candidates will be asked questions based on concepts that they have studied in their graduation.
  • Jurisprudence in a broad sense can be called the “philosophy of law”. It is classified into three branches - analytical, sociological, and theoretical. The questions in this section will be set on the basis of the syllabus prescribed in the graduation degree course.
  • The Tort Law is comparatively a recent common law development in India based on codifying statutes including statutes related to damages. Some of the crucial tortious obligations like Negligence, Nuisance and Defamation should be revised in detail.
  • Contract can be referred to as a piece of legal document which is a mutual agreement made by two or more parties, enforceable by law. Important decisions made by Supreme Court and High Court in relation to modern day commercial activities form a very crucial part of this subject.
  • Criminal Law, also known as Penal Law is aimed at regulation of Social code of conduct and prohibition of any antisocial activity that poses a threat to the safety, property, health and moral welfare of citizens. Significant topics on principles of criminal liability and mens rea (“guilty mind” in Criminal Law) should be given special attention.
  • International Law as a subject is focused on the set of legal guidelines and contracts that govern the relations between two states or nations. International Laws can be broadly classified into Public International law, Private International Law and Supranational Law.

CLAT Preparation Books

CLAT is a topmost competitive law entrance exam and it requires a thorough revision of all the topics. There is no right time to start for the exam, but it is always better to start as soon as you decide to sit for the exam. Hence, it becomes important for a candidate to prepare a schedule, know where all they should study for CLAT. CheckHow to prepare for CLAT

Candidates can refer following books to prepare for CLAT 2018:

Name of the BookAuthorSubject
Word Power Made EasyNorman LewisEnglish
Objective General English R. S. Aggarwal
Quantitative Aptitude For Competitive Examinations R. S. AggarwalMathematics
Quantitative Aptitude For Competitive Exam 6th Edition Abhijit Guha
Legal Aptitude For The CLAT - Workbook: A Workbook A.P. BhardwajLegal Aptitude
A Modern Approach To Logical ReasoningR. S. AggarwalLogical Reasoning
Analytical ReasoningM K Pandey
Manorama Yearbook 2017 (English)Mammen MathewGeneral Knowledge
Quick Reference General KnowledgeEdgar Thorpe

CLAT 2017 Paper Analysis

For the academic session 2017-18, CLAT 2017 was conducted on May 14, 2017, for both UG & PG Courses. CLAT Result was declared on May 29, 2017. The question paper was similar to previous year pattern comprising of following section-wise distribution:-

SectionNumber of QuestionsGood AttemptGood ScoreDifficulty Level
English4035 – 3631 – 32Easy
General  Knowledge5030- 32

26 – 27

Elementary Mathematics2010 - 119 - 10Moderate
Legal Aptitude5039 – 4034 -35Easy-Moderate
Logical Reasoning4034 – 3530 – 32Easy-Moderate

A brief about CLAT Paper Analysis 2017 is as follows:

English Section

  • This section was one of the easiest section.
  • The section was divided into 4 types of questions.
  • It included 1 comprehension passage with 10 questions based on it, identifying a grammatical error in questions, questions on idioms, migratory words and spelling mistakes and some vocabulary based questions.

General Knowledge Section

  • In this section, 35 questions were based on Current Affairs
  • And there were 15 questions from General Awareness section.

Legal Aptitude Section

  • There were questions from contracts, torts and other types of law questions.
  • 15 questions out of 50 were quite easy to attempt.
  • Overall students felt the questions did not require any prior knowledge to solve this section

Logical Reasoning

  • In this section, 23 questions were of verbal type and 17 questions were from Analytical part.
  • In most of the questions, 2 options were such that it was easily decodable that they are not the correct option. So students had to choose answer only from 2 options.



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how to prepare for clat what are the more law courses

06 Mar, 2017 11:59

Hi Deepraj, to know the procedure for application for CLAT exam, please find the link

11 May, 2017 15:05
Ayush Mandekar

What are the chances of clearing CLAT exams for SC quota candidates?

06 Mar, 2017 11:59

Hi Ayush, to get the idea on SC quota candidates score, you may go through the CLAT category wise cut off. Please find the link for the same

11 May, 2017 15:01

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