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**GATE (Graduate Aptitude Test in Engineering) **is considered to be a competitive exam for engineers is conducted and managed jointly by all the seven IITs and IISc Bangalore. For any engineer who wishes to save a spot in any of the 7 IITs or IISc Bangalore will have to take **GATE exam**.**IIT Roorkee** is set to conduct **GATE 2017** this year. **GATE 2017 Civil Exam** will be held on February 4-5 or 11-12, 2017 (tentative).

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Civil Engineering is one of the branches, which comes under the profession of engineering. It deals with the planning, maintaining and construction of the physical and naturally built environment like bridges, roads, tunnels and canals etc. The candidate applying for **GATE 2017 for civil exam** has to go through the **Eligibility criteria for GATE. **Through this a candidate will know if he/ she is suitable to fill the** ****Application Form of GATE**. After going through this process, if a candidate is eligible, **GATE Admit Card** will be issued to the candidate.

**GATE** is an all India competitive exams for the engineers from different branches; the candidate should make sure that they are thorough with the **syllabus and pattern of the GATE 2017 exam**. **GATE 2017** will be an online objective type of exam, consisting a total of 65 Questions carrying a weightage of 100 marks. Also, the candidate should be careful while answering the **GATE 2017** questions, as there will be negative marking too.

**GATE 2017 exam will be a 3-hour long online exam that will cover three sections. GATE 2017 three sections** are mentioned below:

GATE 2017 Section | Name of the Section | Weightage |
---|---|---|

Section 1 | Engineering Mathematics | 13% of total marks |

Section 2 | General Aptitude | 15% of total marks |

Section 3 | Subject Questions | Rest 72% of total marks |

The **Civil Syllabus of GATE 2017** consists of 7 sections. The sections are mentioned below:

**Linear Algebra**: Matrix algebra; Systems of linear equations; Eigen values and Eigen vectors.

**Calculus**: Functions of single variable, Limit, continuity and differentiability, Mean value theorems, Evaluation of definite and improper integrals, Partial derivatives, Total derivative, Maxima and minima, Gradient, Divergence and Curl, Vector identities, Directional derivatives, Line, Surface and Volume integrals, Stokes, Gauss and Green’s theorems.

**Differential equations**: First order equations (linear and nonlinear), Higher order linear differential equations with constant coefficients, **Cauchy’s and Euler’s equations**, Initial and boundary value problems, Laplace transforms, Solutions of one dimensional heat and wave equations and Laplace equation.

**Complex variables**: Analytic functions, Cauchy’s integral theorem, Taylor and Laurent series.

**Probability and Statistics**: Definitions of probability and sampling theorems, Conditional probability, Mean, median, mode and standard deviation, Random variables, Poisson, Normal and Binomial distributions.

**Numerical Methods**: Numerical solutions of linear and non-linear algebraic equations Integration by trapezoidal and Simpson’s rule, single and multi-step methods for differential equations.

**Know About How to use GATE 2017 Virtual Calculator**

**Mechanics**: Bending moment and shear force in statically determinate beams.

Simple stress and strain relationship: Stress and strain in two dimensions, principal stresses, stress transformation, Mohr’s circle. Simple bending theory, flexural and shear stresses, unsymmetrical bending, shear center. Thin walled pressure vessels, uniform torsion, buckling of column, combined and direct bending stresses.

**Structural Analysis**: Analysis of statically determinate trusses, arches, beams, cables and frames, displacements in statically determinate structures and analysis of statically indeterminate structures by force/ energy methods, analysis by displacement methods (slope deflection and moment distribution methods), influence lines for determinate and indeterminate structures. Basic concepts of matrix methods of structural analysis.

**Concrete Structures**: Concrete Technology- properties of concrete, basics of mix design.

**Steel Structures**: Analysis and design of tension and compression members, beams and beam columns, column bases. Connections- simple and eccentric, beam–column connections, plate girders and trusses. Plastic analysis of beams and frames.

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**Soil Mechanics**: Origin of soils, soil classification, three-phase system, fundamental definitions, relationship and interrelationships, permeability &seepage, effective stress principle, consolidation, compaction, shear strength.

**Foundation Engineering**: Sub-surface investigations- scope, drilling bore holes, sampling, penetration tests, plate load test. Earth pressure theories, effect of water table, layered soils. Stability of slopes-infinite slopes, finite slopes. Foundation types-foundation design requirements. Shallow foundations-bearing capacity, effect of shape, water table and other factors, stress distribution, settlement analysis in sands & clays. Deep foundations–pile types, dynamic & static formulae, load capacity of piles in sands & clays, negative skin friction

**Fluid Mechanics and Hydraulics**: Properties of fluids, principle of conservation of mass, momentum, energy and corresponding equations, potential flow, applications of momentum and Bernoulli’s equation, laminar and turbulent flow, flow in pipes, pipe networks. Concept of boundary layer and its growth. Uniform flow, critical flow and gradually varied flow in channels, specific energy concept, hydraulic jump. Forces on immersed bodies, flow measurements in channels, tanks and pipes. Dimensional analysis and hydraulic modeling. Kinematics of flow, velocity triangles and specific speed of pumps and turbines.

**Hydrology**: Hydrologic cycle, rainfall, evaporation, infiltration, stage discharge relationships, unit hydrographs, flood estimation, reservoir capacity, reservoir and channel routing. Well hydraulics.

**Irrigation**: Duty, delta, estimation of evapo-transpiration and Crop water requirements.

**Design of**: lined and unlined canals, waterways, head works, gravity dams and spillways. Design of weirs on permeable foundation. Types of irrigation system, irrigation methods. Water logging and drainage, sodic soils.

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**Water requirements**: Quality standards, basic unit processes and operations for water

treatment. Drinking water standards, water requirements, basic unit operations and unit processes for surface water treatment, distribution of water. Sewage and sewerage treatment, quantity and characteristics of wastewater. Primary, secondary and tertiary treatment of wastewater, sludge disposal, effluent discharge standards. Domestic wastewater treatment, quantity of characteristics of domestic wastewater, primary and secondary treatment Unit operations and unit processes of domestic wastewater, sludge disposal.

**Air Pollution**: Types of pollutants, their sources and impacts, air pollution meteorology, air pollution control, air quality standards and limits.

**Municipal Solid Wastes**: Characteristics, generation, collection and transportation of solid wastes, engineered systems for solid waste management (reuse/ recycle, energy recovery, treatment and disposal).

**Noise Pollution:** Impacts of noise, permissible limits of noise pollution, measurement of noise and control of noise pollution.

**Highway Planning**: Geometric design of highways, testing and specifications of paving materials, design of flexible and rigid pavements.

**Traffic Engineering**: Traffic characteristics, theory of traffic flow, intersection design, traffic signs and signal design, highway capacity.

**Also Check GATE Question Papers**

Principles of surveying; Errors and their adjustment; Maps - scale, coordinate system; Distance and angle measurement - Levelling and trigonometric levelling; Traversing and triangulation survey; Total station; Horizontal and vertical curves. Photogrammetry - scale, flying height; remote sensing - basics, platform and sensors, visual image interpretation; Basics of Geographical information system (GIS) and Geographical Positioning system (GPS)

Importance of surveying, principles and classifications, mapping concepts, coordinate system, map projections, measurements of distance and directions, leveling, theodolite traversing, plane table surveying, errors and adjustments, curves.

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