KVPY 2017 NEWS
NATIONAL LEVEL ONLINE/OFFLINE TEST
Kishore Vaigyanik Protsahan Yojana (KVPY) is the scholarship examination. It is given by those who want to take admission in any Basic Science Program in any institute located in India. KVPY will be conducted on November 6, 2017. The result for the KVPY written examination is awaited for now.
Candidates those who clear written exam have to sit for the Interview process. This interview process is design to check the candidates’ basic knowledge about the science subjects.
Interviewees screen the best, talented and skillful candidates through this interview. In this interview process candidates have answer questions from various fields. Questions ranging from about yourself to the subjects related.
Qus-: State various types of rocks with examples. Also explain how are they different from each other?
Ans-: Igneous; they form from the cooling of magma deep inside the earth. They often have large crystals (you can see then with the naked eye). Ex. Basalt, Dolerite and Diorite.
Metamorphic; they are formed through the change (metamorphosis) of igneous and sedimentary rocks. They can form both underground and at the surface. Ex. Schist, Gneiss and Marble.
Sedimentary; they are formed through the solidification of sediment. They can be based off of organic remains (such as limestone), or just form from the cementing of other rocks. Ex. Chalk, Sandstone and Shale.
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Qus-: What do you mean by resources? What are the various types of resources? Which resource is the most important, according to you and why?
Ans-: A resource is a source or supply rom which benefits can be extracted.
Natural resources are part of a particular area’s ecosystem. They are the basis of all activities, including production of goods. Human resources are the people who provide the knowledge and labor required in the utilization of natural resources. Capital resources facilitate the use of natural resources. Now that you know what different types of resources are, decide which resource has most impact on socio-economic and other aspects of our country.
Qus-:What is the technique to measure the age of the rock and the earth?
Ans-: Popular techniques are-
Qus-:Suggest measures to overcome the shortage of water. Why so much water is wasted every day, when everybody knows that we should save water?
Ans-: A question where you employ your general understanding of water related issue and the human need ffor the resource.
Qus-: How shortage of water is related to Global Warming?
Ans-: Follow the following lead: Global warming changes climate. Global warming reduces ice caps melting it.
Climate change affects rainfall. Loss of mountain snowpack reduces the amount of water available for irrigation and other purposes downstream.
Qus-: What is difference between green revolution and white revolution?
Ans-: Green Revolution: Green revolution can be defined as a period of time in the human history where advances in agricultural technology allowed for the increase in the production of global agriculture. This took place in the 1940s and 1960s. Norman Borlaug is considered as the Father of the Green Revolution
White Revolution: White revolution is also referred to as the Operation Flood. This was a rural development program that began in the 1970s in India. This was initiated by the National Diary Development Board of India. Verghese Kurien is considered pioneer of white revolution.
Qus-: What are the various sources of energy available to human being?
Ans-: Resources are
Qus-: How will you justify the increase of population that is currently happening? Explain what you mean by adaptation along with two examples.
· 1- What is pole star? Draw its approximate location.
Ans-: A pole star is a visible star that is approximately aligned with the Earth's axis of rotation
One can see Pole star this way only from Northern Hemisphere.
Qus-: Name any two rivers of Africa except Nile.
Ans-: Rivers are
Qus-: Share your experience while reading atlas if you have found anything very interesting in it.
Ans-: It is better if such experience include your reason of curiosity and what the end result yielded.
Qus-: What are asteroids?
Ans-: Asteroids are small rocky body orbiting the sun. Large numbers of these, ranging enormously in size, are found between the orbits of Mars and Jupiter, though some have more eccentric orbits.
Qus-: What is the average rainfall of your region/city?
Ans-: Find out the zone your region falls in and then the average rainfall.
Qus-: Give description of the climatic region of your region/city.
Ans-: Similar to previous question, find out the length of seasons, time of onset of monsoon and climate pattern.
Qus-: Name any two types of tides.
Qus-: Give one example of folded mountains.
Ans-: The mountains are
Qus-:Which region of India is most prone to earthquakes?
Ans-: The Regions are
Qus-: Explain Rabi and Kharif crop giving examples.
Ans-: Rabi crops: These are agricultural crops sown in winter and harvested in the spring in the South Asia. Wheat, barley, sesame are Rabi crops.
Kharif crops: These are domesticated plants cultivated and harvested during the rainy (monsoon) season in the South Asia. Rice, millets and maize are kharif crops.
Qus-: What is the capital of Mauritius and Maldives?
Ans-: Mauritius - Port Louis
Maldives - Male
Qus-: Name any two lakes in Southern India and in Northern India. Give example of one lake on the coast of India.
Ans-: Southern India – Agara Lake, Vellayani Lake, Ooty Lake, Kodaikanal Lake.
Northern India – Dal Lake, Lake Cholamu, Mansar Lake, Surajkund.
Chilika Lake is along the coast of India.
Qus-: What are the difference between latitudes, longitudes and equator? State their position on the map.
Ans-: Latitude refers to horizontal lines that indicate a location's distance north or south of the equator.
Longitude refers to vertical lines that indicate a location's distance east or west of the Prime Meridian, which is an imaginary line running from the North to the South Pole.
Equator is the largest latitude bisecting the earth into Northern and Southern Hemisphere.
Qus-: What is the volume of the earth? How much water can be filled in the sphere of the size of the earth?
Ans-: 260 billion cubic meters.
Qus-: State the order in which the words sovereign, socialist, democratic words are arranged in the preamble of our Constitution.
Ans-: Sovereign, Socialist and then Democratic.
Qus-: The earth is said to be rotating day and night. Then why do we not experience the spinning of the earth?
Ans-: We can't feel Earth's rotation or spin because we're all moving with it, at the same constant speed. Earth spins on its axis once in every 24-hour day and you and everything else – including Earth's oceans and atmosphere – are spinning along with the Earth at the same constant speed.
Qus-: Why satellites do not fall on the earth surface?
Ans-: They are held by the gravitational force and rotate because of it.
Qus-:What is UNESCO?
Ans-: The United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO), is a specialized agency of the United Nations (UN) based in Paris. Its declared purpose is to contribute to peace and security by promoting international collaboration through educational, scientific, and cultural reforms in order to increase universal respect for justice, the rule of law, and human rights along with fundamental freedom proclaimed in the United Nations Charter.
Qus-: When does the state of Tamil Nadu receive maximum rainfall?
Qus-: Which state has the maximum number of Lok Sabha seats in India?
Ans-: Uttar Pradesh
Qus-: What are Map and a scale?
Ans-: A diagrammatic representation of an area of land or sea showing physical features, cities, roads, etc. is called Map.
Map scale refers to the relationship (or ratio) between distance on a map and the corresponding distance on the ground.
Qus-: Differentiate between sovereign and socialist. What do you mean by republic?
Ans-: Sovereign: The full right and power of a governing body to govern itself without any interference from outside sources.
Socialism: It is a range of economic and social systems characterized by social ownership and democratic control of the means of production; as well as the political ideologies, theories, and movements that aim at their establishment
Republic: a state in which supreme power is held by the people and their elected representatives, and which has an elected or nominated president rather than a monarch.
Qus-:Which celestial entity is responsible for the concept of direction? Earth/Sun/Moon? How is it responsible? What will happen if the earth stops rotating?
Ans-: Sun. The bigger mass of sun allows it to dictate more gravitational force on planet. If the Earth stopped spinning suddenly, the atmosphere would still be in motion with the Earth's original 1100 mile per hour rotation speed at the equator. All of the land masses would be scoured clean of anything not attached to bedrock.
Qus-: Is dry air more dense than moist air? Explain.
Ans-: The molecular weights of O2 (in red), N2 (in blue) and H2O are about 32, 28, and 18 atomic mass units, respectively. Substituting a water molecule for either an oxygen or a nitrogen molecule, then, will decrease the total mass of air in the container. Since the volume of the container is the same in both cases, the density of water-containing air must be less than the density of dry air
Qus-: What is the reason that the region of Rajasthan does not receive sufficient rainfall?
Ans-: This is because the Aravallis lie parallel to the South West monsoon Arabian Sea branch For this reason the winds by pass this region and no rain is shed as there are no mountain ranges that lie transversely across. More over this region is also on the leeward side or in the Rain shadow area /region when the South West Monsoon Bay of Bengal branch blows.
Qus-: Write the full form of www used in the internet.
Ans-: World Wide Web
Qus-: By which name is Brahmaputra River known at its origin? Name some sources of other rivers and dams on various rivers.
Ans-: Bramaputra is known as Tsangpo at its source.
Qus-: What do you mean by National Anthem? What is the National Anthem of India? Who composed it?
Ans-: A national anthem (also state anthem, national hymn, national song etc.) is generally a patriotic musical composition that evokes and eulogizes the history, traditions and struggles of its people, recognized either by a nation's government as the official national song.
Jana Gana Mana is National Anthem of India and is composed by Rabindranath Tagore.
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