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WBJEE 2015 Biology Syllabus

Last Updated - September 07, 2016

WBJEE 2015 entrance exam is objective type pen-paper test. WBJEE 2015 Biology subject consist of 150 marks. Below is the detailed Biology syllabus of WBJEE 2015:

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Unit-I Science of Life:

  • Basic unit of life process; Cell Theory; prokaryotic and eukaryotic cells- structure and differences
  • Ultra structure and functions of cellular component:
  • Cell wall, plasma membrane, plastids, endoplasmic reticulum, Golgi bodies, mitochondria, ribosomes, lysosomes, nucleus, nucleolus, centrosome, microbodies (peroxisomes and glyoxysomes), cytoskeleton, vacuole, centriole, cilia, flagella
  • Chemical constituents of living cells:
  • Classification, components and structural properties of carbohydrates, lipids, proteins and nucleic acids; enzymes, enzymatic action (lock and key, allosterism, regulation)
  • Chromosome Morphology of chromosomes; brief idea of polytene chromosomes; euchromatin and heterochromatin; nucleic acids as genetic material (viral transduction and bacterial transformation

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Unit-II Cell division:

Cell cycle; mitosis- definition and significance (process not required); meiosis- process, types and significance; difference between mitosis and meiosis

Unit- III Genetics and Evolution:

Mendelian inheritance (laws only); deviations from Mendelism- (i) incomplete dominance, (ii) codominance, (iii) multiple alleles and inheritance of blood groups (ABO, Rh); phylogenetic inheritance (elementary); chromosome theory of inheritance; chromosomes and genes; sex determination in humans, birds and honey bees; linkage and crossing over; sex-linked inheritance- haemophilia, colour blindness; Mendelian disorders in humans- (i) autosomal (a) Thalassemia (b) Down syndrome; (ii) sex-linked (a) Turner's syndrome (b) Klinefelter's syndrome (cause and symptoms only)

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Unit-IV Molecular basis of inheritance:

DNA as the genetic material (Griffith, Avery-MacLeod-McCarty and Hershey-Chase experiments); structure of DNA and RNA; types of RNA- mRNA, rRNA and t-RNA; DNA packaging; central dogma (elementary); DNA replication; transcription; genetic code; translation; elementary knowledge of regulation of gene expression (lac operon); DNA finger printing (basic idea only)

Unit-V Evolution:

Origin of life- theories of origin of life; abiogenic origin/chemical origin of life- Oparin-Haldane hypothesis; biological evolution- evidences, theories of organic evolution, Darwin's contribution, synthetic theory; mechanism of evolution- variation and its sources of origin, mutation, recombination; gene flow and genetic drift; HardyWeinberg principle; human evolution- an outline

Unit-VI Morphological variations and structural organization:

Plant tissue and tissue system- types, structure and functions; animal tissue- classification, structure and functions in brief

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Unit- VII Physiology and Biochemistry:

Plants

  1. Movements of water, nutrients and gases: absorption of gases, water and nutrients; cell-to-cell transport, diffusion, active transport; plant-water relation- imbibitions, water potential, osmosis and plasmolysis; long distance transport- apoplasitc, symplastic, root pressure, transpiration pull, uptake of minerals; transpiration and gullation; opening and closing of stomata; transport through xylem and phloem
  2. Essential minerals: macro and micro nutrients and their functions; elementary idea of hydroponics; nitrogen metabolism; nitrogen cycle; biological nitrogen fixation
  3. Respiration: cellular respiration- glycolysis, fermentation, TCA cycle and ETS (aerobic)- definition, process and significance; energy relation- number of ATP molecules generated in respiration; amphibolic pathways; respiratory quotients of nutrients
  4. Photosynthesis: definition; site of photosynthesis; photosynthetic pigments (structure not required); photochemical and biosynthetic phases; photorespiration; C3 and C4 pathways; factors controlling photosynthesis
  5. Growth and development: idea of growth, differentiation and development; various growth factors (light, temperature, water, nutrients, hormones only); growth rate; growth regulation- auxin, gibberellins, cytokinin, ethylene, ABA; seed germination, seed dormancy, vermilisation; photoperiodism- definition, types of plants on the basis of the length of photoperiod
  6. Reproduction: mode of reproduction- sexual and asexual; asexual reproduction- definition, characteristics, modes (binary fission, sporulation, budding, gemmule formation, fragmentation, regeneration, vegetative propagation, cutting, grafting, layering and gootee); sexual reproductionflower structure; pollination (autogamy and geitonogamy); cross pollination (allogamy and xenogamy); agents of pollination- brief description with examples; significance; development of male gametophyte and female gametophyte; out breeding devices; pollen-pistil interaction, double fertilization; post-fertilization events- development of endosperm and embryo (in brief); formation of fruit and development of seed (elementary); special modes- apomixes, parthenogenesis, parthenocarpy and polyembryony (brief account); significance of fruit and seed formation
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Animals:

Human

  1. Digestion and absorption: Structure of human alimentary canal including dental arrangement and digestive glands (in brief); peristalsis; digestion, role of digestive enzymes and the Cr-I hormones in digestion; absorption, assimilation of carbohydrates, protein and fats; egestion; nutritional and digestive disorder- protein-energy malnutrition (PEM), indigestion, constipation, vomiting, jaundice, diarrhoea (brief idea)
  2. Breathing and respiration: respiratory organs in animals (in brief); respiratory system in human (outline); mechanism of breathing and its regulation in human body; exchange of gases, transport of gases; regulation of respiration; respiratory volume; disorders related to respiration- asthma, emphysema, occupational respiratory disorders (e.g. Silicosis, asbestosis); definition of hypoxia, anoxia, apnoea, dyspnoea
  3. Body fluids and circulation: composition of blood (in tabular form); blood grouping; coagulation of blood; lymph and its function; outline idea of human circulatory system; structure of human heart and blood vessels; cardiac cycle, cardiac output, stroke volume, minute volume, determination of cardiac output- Fick's principle; double circulation; regulation of cardiac activity (neutral and hormonal) ncluding factors regulating blood pressure; disorders of circulatory system- hypertension, coronary artery disease, angina pectoris, heart failure (brief idea only)
  4. Excretory products and their elimination: modes of excretion- ammonotelism, ureotelism, uricotelism (definition and examples); human excretory system- structure and function (histology of nephron); urine formation n and osmoregulation; regulation of kidney functions, rennin, angiotensin, antidiuretic factor (ADH) and diabetes insipidus; role of other organs in excretion- liver, skin, lung and salivary glands; disorders- uremia, renal failure, renal calculi, nephritis; dialysis and artificial kidney (brief idea only)
  5. Locomotion and movement: types of movement-ciliary, flagellar and muscular; skeletal musclecontractile proteins and its function; joints; disorders of muscular and skeletal system- myasthenia gravis, tetany, muscular dystrophy, arthritis, osteoporosis, and gout (brief idea only)
  6. Neural control and coordination: brief idea of neurons and nerves, neural control and coordination; nervous system of human- central, peripheral and visceral; brain and its major parts- cerebral cortex, thalamus, hypothalamus and limbic system; midbrain, pons, medulla, cerebellum and spinal cord (outline idea); distribution and function of peripheral nervous system and autonomic nervous system; generation and conduction of nerve impulse; reflex action and reflex arc; sense organs- sensory perception; outline structure and function of eye and ear
  7. Chemical coordination and regulation: endocrine glands and hormones; human endocrine systemhypothalamus, pituitary, pineal, thyroid, parathyroid, adrenal, pancreas, gonads- location and function only; elementary idea of hormone action, role of hormones as messengers and regulators; hypo- and hyperactivity of endocrine glands and related diseases- dwarfism, acromegaly, cretinism, goitre, exophthalmic goitre, diabetes, Addison's disease (brief idea of cause and symptoms only)
  8. Reproduction: male and female reproductive system (outline idea with diagram); microscopic anatomy of testis and ovary; gametogenesis (brief account); menstrual cycle; fertilization and development of embryo up to blastocyst formation; implantation, pregnancy and placenta formation; elementary idea of parturition and lactation

Unit-VIII Taxonomy, Systematics and Biodiversity:

Definition; binomial nomenclature; Law of priority; need for classification; genetic diversity; species diversity, ecosystem diversity, biodiversity; five kingdom classification; salient features and classification of plants and animals

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Unit-IX Ecology and Environment:

Concept of ecology, ecosystem, environment, habitat and niche; biome concept and distribution; major abiotic factors; response to abiotic factors and adaptation; population interaction- mutualism, competition, predation, parasitism; population attributes- growth, birth rate and death rate; trophic relationship, pyramids of number, biomass and energy; ecological succession

Unit-X Biodiversity and Conservation:

Pattern of biodiversity; importance and loss of biodiversity; need of biodiversity conservation; hotspot; endangered species; extinction; Red Data Book and Green Data Book; biodiversity conservationbiosphere reserve, national parks and sanctuaries (general idea)

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Unit-XI Environmental issues:

Sound, air, water pollution and their control; agrochemical and their effects; green house effect and global warming; ozone depletion; deforestation; idea of success stories addressing environmental issues- 1) Chipko Movement, 2) Dasholi Gram Swarajya Mandal Movement (DGSM), Silent Valley or Amrita Devi Bishnoi Movement (Jaipur); concept and biomagnifications and bioaccumulation; cause of dyslexia, Minamata and itai-itai diseases; idea of BOD, COD, acid rain, ozone hole

Unit-XII Microbes and human welfare:

Morphological characteristics of bacteriophage (T2), plant virus (TMV), animal virus (influenza) and bacteria (E. coli), gram negative and gram positive bacteria (characteristics and examples)

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Unit-XIII Health and diseases:

Concept of immune system, antibody, antigen and its reactions; types of immunity, vaccine and vaccination (brief idea); pathogens and parasites causing human diseases (only causative agents, symptoms of diseases, modes of transmission and preventive measures)- malaria, kala azar, amoebiasis, filariasis, ascariasis, typhoid, pneumonia, common cold, ring worm, HIV, AIDS, cancer

Unit-XIV Biotechnology and its applications:

Principle and process of genetic engineering (recombinant DNA technology); cloning of microbial genes (brief idea only); application of biotechnology in health and agriculture- in household food processing; industrial production, energy generation, sewage treatment; Rhizobium and other nitrogen fixing bacteria, biofertilizers and biopesticides, industrial production of curd; tanning and brewery, synthesis of antibiotics, vitamins, human insulin and vaccine production; gene therapy, transgenesis, transgenic animals and plants with examples (including BT cotton).

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