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CMAT 2016 English Preparation

Last Updated - December 04, 2015

English or Verbal Ability section in CMAT is another important section to score well. 25 questions are asked from this section with weightage of 100 marks. The test is designed to check general proficiency in the use of English language, specifically the knowledge of basic grammar, vocabulary, ability to read fast and comprehend. In this article we will provide you tips to score well in this section.

CMAT 2016 is going to be held on January 17, so there is not much time left. Application process  has been started since November 03 and you can register for the test till December 10, 2015.  If you prepare well according to the previous year trends and follow a strict schedule, you will definitely score well and make it to your dream B school. This article will help you in analyzing the English section of the test. 

The English Section is divided into following parts:

  1. Reading Comprehension
  2. Grammar
  3. Vocabulary
  4. Composition

Now we will discuss about each part in detail such as what type of questions asked from which part and what are the best ways to prepare each section-

 Vocabulary

Questions from this vocab part are mainly based on Synonyms, Antonyms, Odd Word, One Word, Jumbled letters, spelling. Synonym and Antonym can be better only with a good vocabulary hence; increasing your vocabulary through reading newspapers or books is helpful for this section.

Preparation tips on Reading Comprehension

Reading comprehension consists of questions based on passage based on current affairs, science & technology, business or some other social science related article. There are total 6 passages are asked and each passage is of 500 to 600 words, which is followed by 3 multiple choice questions. Following are some tips on preparation

  • This section mainly depends on time management. You have to practice a lot of mock tests to manage your time well for this section
  • Skim reading the paragraph will get you a rough idea about what the paragraph is about. This will help you to find out the answers more speedily.
  • Try to enhance your reading rate by reading newspaper daily. It will help you to attempt more questions in less time.
  • Try to enhance your vocabulary as this will help you to understand the passage more efficiently.

Preparation for Grammar

The questions asked in this section are not tough but are often confusing. Questions are mainly from Parts of speech, Tense, question tag and phrasal verbs. Questions are mainly in the form of fill in the blanks. For this part you have to prepare grammar well. Remember all the rules of parts of speech, practice mock tests for each. Reading is another important part for understanding the rules of grammar.

Preparation tips on Composition

This topic covers question from Rearrangement, Paragraph Unity and sentence completion. To prepare this topic you need to read more and understand the grammatical requirements. For this part candidate are required to understand to express what is happening in his views. This part requires writing skills.

Examples of Questions asked from EACH section

Reading Comprehension

Directions (Qs. 1 to 4): Read the passage given below and then answer these questions which are based on what is stated or implied in the passage.

Soft-bodied animals like caterpillars often fall a prey to voracious hunters like birds or reptiles. Despite having no means to ‘actively’ defend themselves, with weapons like claws or jaws, they have, nevertheless, evolved other equally effective deterrents. A particular species of the caterpillar lives at an altitude of over 2,500 metres in the Himalayas. It uses prominent colours to inform would- be predators of its inedibility. In the event that an inexperienced or adventurous bird did eat the caterpillar, it would probably vomit it out soon after, and subsequently desist from attacking similar species in the future. Though this would do the unfortunate victim no good, the species benefits. A rare example of the martyr among animals.

1. Caterpillars cannot defend themselves because they

(1)Are passive animals

(2)Are lazy

(3)Cannot acquire weapons

(4)Have no claws or jaws

2. The expression ‘other equally effective deterrents’ means

(1)Preventive weapons which have equal effect on others

(2)Mechanism which scares everyone equally well

(3)Preventive equipment which is as effective as something that has been already mentioned

(4)Deterrents that are as powerful as those the caterpillars have.

3. The Himalayan caterpillar uses prominent colors to

(1)Warn the predator

(2)Attack the predator

(3)Reveal itself

(4)Defend itself

4. Experienced birds do not attack the Himalayan caterpillar because they are

(1) Repulsive

(2) Inedible

(3) Aggressive

(4) Diseased

5. In the context of the passage, a martyr is one who dies

(1)Without putting up resistance

(2)Without any gain to oneself

(3)While defending one’s homeland

(4)To save others

Fill in the blanks

1. The defense proposes to show that the incident that the prosecution so ----rejects as ---did indeed take place.

A. blithely, undesirable

B. cavalierly, apocryphal

C. vehemently, factual

D. persuasively, pointless

E. convincingly, inevitable                     

Rearrangement

Read the following sentences and choose the option that best arranges them in a logical order-

I. Shakespeare did not personally prepare his plays for publication, and no official collection of them appeared until after his death.

2. Some were probably based on actors' memories of the plays.

3. Many of these quartos are quite unreliable.

4. A collection of his sonnets, considered by critics to be among the hest ever written in English, appeared in 1609.

5. Many individual plays were published during his lifetime in unauthorized editions known as quartos.     

A. 1, 3, 4, 5, 2

B. 1, 4, 3, 5, 2

C. 3, 4, 2, 5, 1

D. 1, 5, 2, 3, 4

E. 5, 4, 2, 3, 1     

Vocabulary

Directions (Qs. 1 to 3): In these questions, choose the word from the four alternatives (1), (2), (3) and (4) that is most nearly similar in meaning to the word given in CAPITAL letters.

1. REVULSION

(1) Apathy

(2) Violence

(3) Disgust

(4) Avenge

2. GRIT

(1) Bold

(2) Courage

(3) Grease

(4) Level

3. SALACIOUS

(1) Obscene

(2) Wise

(3) Wholesome

(4) Confident

Directions (Qs. 1 to 3): In these questions, choose the word from the four alternatives (1), (2), (3) and (4) that is most nearly opposite in meaning to the word given in CAPITAL letters.

1. COMPASSIONATE

(1) Indecisive

(2) Unsympathetic

(3) Unlawful

(4) Untrustworthy

2. RESTIVE

(1) Buoyant

(2) Placid

(3) Resistant

(4) Insolent

3. GRADUAL

(1) Energetic

(2) Dynamic

(3) Rapid

(4) Enthusiastic

Finding Errors

Directions (Qs. 1 to 3) : In these questions, each sentence has four under- lined words or phrases marked A, B, C and D. Choose the one that must be changed to make the sentence correct.

1. Many psychologists today suggest (A)/ that we interpret dreams by compare (B)/ the dreams with (C)/ the reality of each person’s (D)/ life.

(1) A (2) B (3) C (4) D

2. When (A)/ I came home, the (B)/ children still didn’t finish (C)/ dinner. (D)

(1) A (2) B (3) C (4) D

3. He would (A)/ never have taken the job if he had been knowing (B)/ what great demands (C)/ it would make (D)/on his time.

(1) A (2) B (3) C (4) D

                                                                                                                                                                                                                        

CMAT 2016 Preparation Books for English

Book Name

Author’s/Publisher’s Name

ISBN

The Pearson complete guide to CMAT

Showick Thorpe

978-8131789926

The Pearson Guide to Verbal Ability

Sujit Kumar

978-9332512115

 

CMAT Recommended Newspapers

Reading Newspaper helps a lot in improving vocab and in reading comprehension, but it may be a boring job to for some of you. Firstly read anything that interests you, that way you will develop habit of reading. Following are some national and foreign newspapers that may be helpful:

National- The Hindu, Economic Times, Business Standard, The Indian Express

International- NY times, Telegraph, Washington Post, Guardian.

Read More: 

CMAT 2016 Exam Pattern

CMAT 2016 Quantitative Aptitude and Data Interpretation

CMAT 2016 Group Discussion and Personal Interview Preparatin Tips

CMAT 2016 Logical Reasoning Preparation Tips

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