NEET Syllabus will cover questions from Physics, Chemistry and Biology subjects. The questions will come from Class XI and XII CBSE Syllabus. NEET 2017 is scheduled on May 07, 2017 for which it is important to know about the complete NEET Exam Syllabus.
NEET is a national level exam, conducted for candidates seeking admission in MBBS and BDS Programmes. NEET 2017 is held in an offline mode and is of 3 hours. A total of 45 questions are asked from each subjects (Physics, Chemistry and Biology). As per the previous year analysis, more weightage is given to class XII topics in NEET. Therefore, it is advisable to first brush up class XII concepts.
- In the biology section, the topics from Class XI hold more weightage than the topics from Class XII syllabus. As per the analysis from last 10 years, we infer that the maximum questions come from Principles of Inheritance and Variation followed by Molecular Basis of Inheritance and Morphology of Flowering Plants. READ MORE
- For the Chemistry section, candidates are required to emphasize on the topics of Class XII than Class XI chemistry topics. The maximum number of questions are from Chemical Bonding and Molecular Structure folllowed by Equilibrium and Hydrocarbons. READ MORE
- Physics, the toughest section according to some has the maximum weightage of Class XII topics than Class XI topics from CBSE Syllabus. There are maximum number of questions from Current Electricity, Semi- Conductors and Laws of Motion. READ MORE
NEET Syllabus for Physics
Physics is one of the most important sections and the toughest section in NEET 2017. From the analysis of past 10 years we infer that topics from Class XII are given higher preference in the NEET exam as comapred to topics from Class XI. The important topics from Physics section derived from the analysis of past 10 years are mentioned below:
|Topics||Number of Questions in 10 years|
|Laws of Motion||34|
|System of Particles and Rotational Motion||33|
|Dual Nature of Matter||33|
|Moving Charges and Magnetism||30|
NEET Physics Syllabus (Class XII)
Atoms and Nuclei
- Alpha- particle scattering experiments, beta and gamma particles/ rays and their properties decay law.
- Nuclear fission and fusion hydrogen spectrum, binding energy per nucleon and its variation with mass number, Mass-energy relation.
- Rutherford’s model of atom, Bohr model, energy levels, atomic masses, mass defect, isotopes, isobars; isotones.
- Composition and size of nucleus, Radioactivity- alpha
- Electric charges and their conservation, Van de Graaff generator, Dielectrics and electric polarization.
- Coulomb’s law-force between two point charges, forces between multiple charges, superposition principle and continuous charge distribution.
- Electric field, Electric potential, capacitors and capacitance, combination of capacitors in series and in parallel, capacitance of a parallel plate capacitor with and without dielectric medium between the plates, electric field due to a point charge, electric field lines, uniformly charged infinite plane sheet and uniformly charged thin spherical shell (field inside and outside).
- Statement of Gauss’s theorem and its applications to find field due to infinitely long straight wire, equipotential surfaces, potential difference, electric potential due to a point charge, a dipole and system of charges.
- Electrical potential energy of a system of two point charges and of electric diploes in an electrostatic field.
- Conductors and insulators, free charges and bound charges inside a conductor
- Combination of cells in series and in parallel, relation with electric current.
- Ohm’s law, colour code for carbon resistors, Potentiometer-principle and applications to measure potential difference.
- Electric current, flow of electric charges in a metallic conductor, drift velocity and mobility, V-I characteristics (linear and nonlinear), electrical energy and power, electrical resistivity and conductivity.
- Kirchhoff’s laws and simple applications, electrical resistance, measurement of internal resistance of a cell, Carbon resistors, metre bridge, series and parallel combinations of resistors , temperature dependence of resistance, comparing emf of two cells.
- Internal resistance of a cell, potential difference and emf of a cell, Wheatstone bridge
Electromagnetic Induction and Alternating Currents
- Wattles current, Electromagnetic induction, AC generator and transformer LCR series circuit.
- Faraday’s law, induced emf and current, Lenz’s Law, peak and rms value of alternating current/ voltage, power in AC circuits, Eddy currents, Self and mutual inductance
- Alternating currents, reactance and impedance.
- LC oscillations (qualitative treatment only), resonance
Magnetic Effects of Current and Magnetism
- Biot-Savart law and its application to current carrying circular loop.
- Ampere’s law and its applications to infinitely long straight wire.
- Electromagnetic and factors affecting their strengths, straight and toroidal solenoids.
- Concept of magnetic field, Force on a moving charge in uniform magnetic and electric fields, Para-, dia-and ferro-magnetic substances.
- Magnetic field intensity due to a magnetic dipole (bar magnet) along its axis and perpendicular to its axis ,Cyclotron, Force on a current-carrying conductor in a uniform magnetic field.
- Magnetic dipole moment of a revolving electron ,Force between two parallel current-carrying conductors definition of ampere, Torque experienced by a current loop in a magnetic field, moving coil galvanometer-its current sensitivity and conversion to ammeter and voltmeter.
- Current loop as a magnetic dipole and its magnetic dipole moment, Torque on a magnetic dipole (bar magnet) in a uniform magnetic field; bar magnet as an equivalent solenoid, magnetic field lines.
- Earth’s magnetic field and magnetic elements, examples.
- Oersted’s experiment, Permanent magnets
Dual Nature of Matter and Radiation
- Hertz and Lenard’s observations.
- Davisson-Germer experiment (experimental details should be omitted) Einstein’s photoelectric equation- particle nature of light.
- Photoelectric effect, Matter waves- wave nature of particles, de Broglie relation
- Transverse nature of electromagnetic waves, Need for displacement current.
- Electromagnetic spectrum (radio waves, microwaves, infrared, visible, ultraviolet, x-rays, gamma rays) including elementary facts about their uses.
- Electromagnetic waves and their characteristics (qualitative ideas only)
- Interference, Wavefront and Huygens’ principle, spherical mirrors, reflection and refraction of plane wave at a plane surface using wavefronts, Wave optics.
- Refraction of light, total internal reflection and its applications optical fibres, mirror formula, lens-maker’s formula, refraction at spherical surfaces, Diffraction due to a single slit.
- Microscopes and astronomical telescopes (reflecting and refracting) and their magnifying powers, lenses, thin lens formula, Magnification, power of a lens, combination of thin lenses in contact combination of a lens and a mirror, , uses of plane polarized light and Polaroids, width of central maximum.
- Young’s double hole experiment and expression for fringe width, Proof of laws of reflection and refraction using Huygens’ principle, coherent sources and sustained interference of light, plane polarized light.
- Scattering of light- blue colour of the sky and reddish appearance of the sun at sunrise and sunset
- Human eye, image formation and accommodation, correction of eye defects (myopia and hypermetropia) using lenses, Optical instruments.
- Brewster’s law, Reflection of light, Refraction and dispersion of light through a prism.
- Polarisation, Resolving power of microscopes and astronomical telescopes
- Energy bands in solids (qualitative ideas only), I-V characteristics of LED, conductors, Transistor as a switch, Logic gates (OR, AND, NOT, NAND and NOR).
- Insulators and semiconductors, photodiode, Zener diode, semiconductor diode- I-V characteristics in forward and reverse bias, diode as a rectifier , Junction transistor.
- Transistor as an amplifier (common emitter configuration) and oscillator, solar cell.
- Characteristics of a transistor, Zener diode as a voltage regulator, transistor action.
NEET Physics Syllabus (Class 11)
- Frame of reference, Uniformly accelerated motion, average speed and instantaneous velocity, Relative velocity, Motion in a straight line, Position-time graph, speed and velocity Uniform and non-uniform motion , Scalar and vector quantities, velocity-time and position-time graphs for uniformly accelerated motion (graphical treatment).
- Elementary concepts of differentiation and integration for describing motion, Position, displacement vectors, general vectors, general vectors and notation, equality of vectors, Cases of uniform velocity and uniform acceleration- projectile, multiplication of vectors by a real number; addition and subtraction of vectors.
- Unit vectors, Resolution of a vector in a plane-rectangular components, Scalar and Vector products of Vectors.
- Motion in a plane, Uniform circular motion
Physical World and Measurement
- Need for measurement, Physics Scope and excitement, dimensional analysis and its applications.
- Dimensions of physical quantities, nature of physical laws, significant figures, Physics, technology and society.
- Units of measurement, errors in measurement, Length, mass and time measurements.
- Systems of units, SI units, fundamental and derived units, accuracy and precision of measuring instruments.
Laws of Motion
- Inertia, Newton’s first law of motion, Intuitive concept of force, momentum and Newton’s second law of motion, impulse, Intuitive concept of force.
- Examples of circular motion (vehicle on level circular road, vehicle on banked road), Static and Kinetic friction.
- Newton’s third law of motion, Law of conservation of linear momentum and its applications.
- Laws of friction, rolling friction, lubrication, Dynamics of uniform circular motion, Centripetal force.
Motion of System of Particles and Rigid Body
- Centre of mass of a two-particle system, torque, angular momentum, momentum conservation and centre of mass motion, Centre of mass of a rigid, body, centre of mass of uniform rod, Moment of a force, radius of gyration.
- Conservation of angular momentum with some examples), Statement of parallel and perpendicular axes theorems and their applications.
- Equilibrium of rigid bodies, rigid body rotation and equation of rotational motion, comparison of linear and rotational, motions, moment of inertia.
- Values of M.I. for simple geometrical objects (no derivation)
Work, Energy and Power
- Work done by a constant force and variable force, kinetic energy, work-energy theorem, power.
- Potential energy of a spring, motion in a vertical circle conservative forces, Notion of potential energy.
- Conservation of mechanical energy (kinetic potential energies), non-conservative forces.
- Elastic and inelastic collisions in one and two dimensions.
- Kepler’s laws of planetary motion, Gravitational potential energy, the universal law of gravitation.
- Acceleration due to gravity and its variation with altitude and depth, gravitational potential.
- Escape velocity, orbital velocity of a satellite Geostationary satellite
Motion of System of Particles and Rigid Body
- Conservation of angular momentum with some examples, Centre of mass of a two-particle system, Statement of parallel and perpendicular axes theorems and their applications.
- Centre of mass of uniform rod, Values of M.I. for simple geometrical objects (no derivation), Values of M.I. for simple geometrical objects (no derivation), momentum conservation and centre of mass motion.
- Centre of mass of a rigid body, radius of gyration, Equilibrium of rigid bodies, comparison of linear and rotational, motions ,rigid body rotation and equation of rotational motion.
- Moment of a force,-torque, angular momentum, , moment of inertia
Properties of Bulk Matter
- Reynold’s number, Stress-strain relationship , Elastic behavior, Hooke’s law, Young’s modulus, , Anomalous expansion ,shear modulus of rigidity, bulk modulus, poisson’s ratio; elastic energy.
- Stokes’ law , Wein’s displacement law terminal velocity, streamline and turbulent flow.
- Critical velocity, Bernoulli’s theorem and its applications, bubbles and capillary rise, Heat, temperature ,Viscosity, Surface energy and surface tension.
- Qualitative ideas of Black Body Radiation, Newton’s law of cooling and Stefan’s law, angle of contact, excess of pressure, change of state latent heat.
- Green House effect, application of surface tension ideas to drops, thermal expansion; thermal expansion of solids, liquids, and gases, Cp, Cv- calorimetry, Specific heat capacity ,Heat transfer- conduction and thermal conductivity, convection and radiation.
- First law of thermodynamics , Second law of the thermodynamics Isothermal and adiabatic processes.
- Heat, heat engines and refrigerators ,Thermal equilibrium and definition of temperature (zeroth law of Thermodynamics).
- Work and internal energy, Reversible and irreversible processes
Oscillations and Waves
- Periodic motion-period, reflection of waves, Principle of superposition of waves, frequency, displacement as a function of time.
- Displacement relation for a progressive wave, phase, standing waves in strings and organ pipes ,energy in SHM –Kinetic and potential energies, simple pendulum-derivation of expression for its time period, free, fundamental mode and harmonics, forced and damped oscillations (qualitative ideas only).
- Doppler effect, Simple harmonic motion(SHM) and its equation, resonance, Wave motion, Beats.
- Longitudinal and transverse waves, speed of wave motion, Periodic functions.
- Oscillations of a spring-restoring force and force constant
Behaviour of Perfect Gas and Kinetic Theory
- Law of equipartition of energy (statement only) , Equation of state of a perfect gas, work done on compressing a gas.
- Kinetic theory of gases, concept of mean free path.
- Assumptions, degrees of freedom, application to specific heat capacities of gases concept of pressure.
- Kinetic energy and temperature
NEET Syllabus for Biology
Biology is divided into 2 sub sections which makes the total number of sections in NEET 2017 to be four. As per the analysis of last 10 years, topics from Class XI CBSE Syllabus are given more weightage than the topics of Class XII CBSE Syllabus in NEET. The important topics from Class XI and Class XII Syllabus as per the analysis of past 10 years are given below:
|Topics||Number of Questions in 10 years|
|Principles of Inheritance and Variation||67|
|Molecular Basis of Inheritance||54|
|Morphology of Flowering Plants||52|
|Cell : The Unit of Life||47|
|Human Health and Disease||47|
NEET Biology Syllabus (Class XII)
There are many important topics included in NEET 2017 Syllabus from the topics taught in Class XII. The candidates have to focus on these important topics a little more than all the other topics included in the NET Syllabus. The various important topics from Class XII included in NEET 2017 are:
- Principles of Inheritance and Variation
- Animal Kingdom
- Human Health and Disease
- Human Reproduction
Biology and Human Welfare
- Biofortification, drug and alcohol abuse, Pathogens, In household food processing, single cell protein.
- Parasites causing human diseases (Malaria, Filariasis, common cold, amoebiasis, ring worm), HIV and AIDS, Ascariasis.
- Basic concepts of immunology-vaccines.
- Improvement in food production tissue culture, Health and Disease, Cancer, Typhoid, Animal husbandry, Adolescence, Apiculture.
- Microbes in human welfare, industrial production, energy generation and as biocontrol agents and biofertilizer
- Pneumonia, Plant breeding, sewage treatment
- Sporulation, Reproduction, a characteristic feature of all organisms for continuation of species, Asexual reproduction, budding.
- Reproduction in organisms, Outbreeding devices, gemmule, fragmentation, IVF, ZIFT, vegetative propagation in plants, Development of male and female gametophytes.
- Modes of reproduction – Asexual and sexual , Sexual reproduction in flowering plants, , Double fertilization, agencies and examples, Pollen-Pistil interaction, Development of endosperm and embryo, Development of seed and formation of fruit.
- Pregnancy and placenta formation (Elementary idea), Special modes-apomixis, Flower structure, Post fertilization events, infertility and assisted reproductive technologies, polyembryony, Male and female reproductive systems.
- Pollination-types, Reproductive health, Fertilisation.
- Birth control-Need and Methods, Microscopic anatomy of testis and ovary, Gametogenesis, spermatogenesis & oogenesis.
- Menstrual cycle, embryo development upto blastocyst formation, implantation.
- Modes-Binary fission, Parturition (Elementary idea), Need for reproductive health and prevention of sexually transmitted diseases (STD).
- Human Reproduction, parthenocarpy, Amniocentesis, Significance of seed and fruit formation, Lactation (Elementary idea).
- Contraception and Medical Termination of Pregnancy (MTP), GIFT (Elementary idea for general awareness)
Genetics and Evolution
- Search for genetic material and DNA as genetic material, Mendelian Inheritance.
- Deviations from Mendelism-Incomplete dominance, Co-dominance, Heredity and variation, Elementary idea of polygenic inheritance.
- Modern Synthetic theory of Evolution, Central dogma, Sex determination-In humans, Chromosome theory of inheritance, Pleiotropy.
- Mendelian disorders in humans-Thalassemia, Down’s syndrome, Chromosomes and genes, birds, honey bee, Linkage and crossing over, Multiple alleles and Inheritance of blood groups.
- Biological evolution and evidences for comparative anatomy, embryology and molecular evidence), Chromosomal disorders in humans, Molecular basis of Inheritance.
- Colour blindness, DNA fingerprinting, Sex linked inheritance-Haemophilia, genetic code, Structure of DNA and RNA, types of natural selection.
- Mechanism of evolution-Variation (Mutation and Recombination), Transcription, translation, Gene expression and regulation-Lac Operon, Gene flow and genetic drift.
- Genome and human genome project, Evolution, Origin of life, biological evolution from Paleontology, Human evolution, Adaptive Radiation.
- Turner’s and Klinefelter’s syndromes, DNA packaging, DNA replication.
- Darwin’s contribution, Natural Selection with examples, , Hardy-Weinberg’s principle
Ecology and environment
- Organisms and environment, Habitat and niche, Population and ecological adaptations, competition, predation, parasitism, Nutrient cycling (carbon and phosphorous).
- Population attributes-growth, endangered organisms, birth rate and death rate.
- Patterns of Biodiversity, pollination, Water pollution and its control, age distribution.
- Ecosystem, Patterns, components; productivity and decomposition, Any three case studies as success stories addressing environmental issues, Energy flow.
- Environmental issues, Air pollution and its control, biomass, Pyramids of number, Radioactive waste management, Deforestation, Ecological succession, oxygen release, Ozone depletion.
- Population interactions-mutualism, Loss of Biodiversity.
- Ecological Services-Carbon fixation, Biodiversity and its conservation, Agrochemicals and their effects, Concept of Biodiversity, Importance of Biodiversity, Greenhouse effect and global warming.
- Biodiversity conservation, Hotspots, extinction, biosphere reserves, energy, Solid waste management.
- National parks and sanctuaries, Red Data Book
Biotechnology and Its Applications
- Genetically modified organisms-Bt crops.
- Principles and process of Biotechnology, gene therapy, Transgenic Animals.
- Genetic engineering (Recombinant DNA technology).
- Application of Biotechnology in health and agriculture.
- Human insulin and vaccine production, Biosafety issues-Biopiracy and patents.
NEET Biology Syllabus (Class 11)
Topics from Class XI hold more weightage in NEET 2017 biology section so, candidate must devote more time in preparing or revising these topics. The basics must be prepared from NCERT Books and then consulting various other reference books can help. The various important topics from Class XI syllabus included in NEET 2017:
- Molecular Basis of Inheritance
- Morphology of Flowering Plants
- Cell: Unit of Life
Diversity in Living World
- Salient features and classification of plants into major groups-Algae, What is living? , Pteridophytes.
- Salient features and classification of animals-nonchordate up to phyla level and chordate up to classes level (three to five salient features and at least two examples), Need for classification.
- Angiosperms- classification up to class, Taxonomy & Systematics, Viruses and Viroids.
- Concept of species and taxonomical hierarchy, Herbaria, Botanical gardens, salient features and classification of Monera, Protista and Fungi into major groups, Lichens , characteristic features and examples).
- Bryophytes, Gymnosperms and Angiosperms (three to five salient and distinguishing features and at least two examples of each category).
- Biodiversity, Five kingdom classification, Tools for study of Taxonomy – Museums, Zoos, Binomial nomenclature, Three domains of life
Structural Organisation in Animals and Plants
- Morphology, Root, stem, Morphology and modifications, anatomy and functions of different systems.
- Anatomy and functions of different parts of flowering plants, leaf, flower, Animal tissues, (digestive, circulatory, respiratory, nervous and reproductive) of an insect (cockroach).
- Fruit and seed, Tissues, inflorescence- cymose and Recemose
Cell Structure and Function
- Chemical constituents of living cells, Cell theory and cell as the basic unit of life, cell wall, Cell envelope, plastids, cell membrane, ribosomes.
- Nucleus-nuclear membrane, chromatin, Golgi bodies, meiosis and their significance, lysosomes, vacuoles, mitochondria, micro bodies, flagella, cilia.
- Biomolecules-structure and function of proteins, centrioles (ultrastructure and function), carbohydrates, lipids, nucleic acids.
- Enzymes-types, properties, enzyme action, B Cell division, Cell cycle, mitosis.
- Plant cell and animal cell, Cytoskeleton, Structure of prokaryotic and eukaryotic cell.
- Endomembrane system-endoplasmic reticulum, Cell organelles-structure and function, nucleolus.
- Plant – water relations – Imbibition, macro and micronutrients and their role.
- Movement of water, gases and nutrients, Elementary idea of Hydroponics as a method to study mineral nutrition.
- Cell to cell transport-Diffusion, root pressure and guttation, Mineral nutrition, facilitated diffusion, water potential, osmosis, plasmolysis, Mass flow hypothesis.
- Long distance transport of water – Absorption, apoplast, symplast, transpiration pull, Uptake and translocation of mineral nutrients-Transport of food, phloem transport, Transpiration-Opening and closing of stomata, Photorespiration C3 and C4 pathways, pigments involved in Photosynthesis (Elementary idea).
- Nitrogen metabolism-Nitrogen cycle, Cyclic and non-cyclic and photophosphorylation, Diffusion of gases (brief mention), Essential minerals, Exchange gases, Deficiency symptoms, biological nitrogen fixation, Photosynthesis, Exchange gases.
- Photosynthesis as a means of Autotrophic nutrition, Factors affecting photosynthesis, active transport, Site of photosynthesis take place, Photochemical and biosynthetic phases of photosynthesis.
- Mineral toxicity, Sequence of developmental process in a plant cell, Chemiosmotic hypothesis, Respiration, Cellular, Fermentation (anaerobic), Transport in plants.
- Energy relations-Number of ATP molecules generated; Amphibolic pathways, Respiratory quotient, gibberellin.
- TCA cycle and electron transport system (aerobic), ABA, Conditions of growth.
- Differentiation, dedifferentiation and redifferentiation, Phases of Plant growth and plant growth rate, cytokinin.
- Respiration-glycolysis, Growth regulatorsauxin, ethylene, Seed dormancy, Vernalisation, Plant growth and development Seed germination Photoperiodism.
- Digestion and absorption, indigestion, Ailmentary canal and digestive glands; Role of digestive enzymes and gastrointestinal hormones.
- Excretory products and their elimination: Modes of excretion ureotelism, Peristalsis, digestion carbohydrates and fats; Caloric value of proteins, carbohydrates and fats.
- Composition of blood, Role of hormones as messengers and regulators, PEM, constipation, vomiting, jaundice, diarrhea.
- Breathing and Respiration, Nutritional and digestive disorders, Respiratory organs in animals (recall only), Respiratory system in humans, Mechanism of breathing and its regulation in humans-Exchange of gases, Occupational respiratory disorders.
- Disorders related to respiration-Asthma, Emphysema, Body fluids and circulation, transport of gases and regulation of respiration Respiratory volumes, blood groups, coagulation of blood; Composition of lymph and its function.
- Human circulatory system-Structure of human heart and blood vessels, , ECG Cardiac cycle, cardiac output, Osmoregulation, Double circulation, Regulation of kidney function-Renin-angiotensin.
- Disorders of circulatory system-Hypertension, Coronary artery disease, Angina pectoris, Heart failure, Egestion, uricotelism; Human excretory system structure and fuction; Urine formation, Ammonotelism.
- Atrial Natriuretic Factor, Renal calculi, absorption and assimilation of proteins,ADH and Diabetes insipidus; Role of other organs in excretion; Disorders; Uraemia, Renal failure, Skeletal muscle- Nephritis, Dialysis and artificial kidney, Locomotion and Movement.
- Types of movement- ciliary, fiagellar, muscular, Tetany, Skeletal system and its functions, Sense organs, Elementary structure and function of eye and ear.
- Regulation of cardiac activity, Joints, peripheral nervous system, Mechanism of hormone action (Elementary Idea), Myasthenia gravis, Chemical coordination ,Pituitary, Disorders of muscular and skeletal system Dwarfism, Acromegaly ,Muscular dystrophy Neural control, regulation.
- Endocrine glands and hormones, coordination Neuron and nerves.
- Human endocrine system-Hypothalamus, Thyroid, Parathyroid, central nervous system, Adrenal, Pancreas, Gonads, visceral nervous system, Gout, Generation and conduction of nerve impulse, Reflex action, Nervous system in humans.
- Pinealhypo-and hyperactivity and related disorders, diabetes, goiter, contractile proteins and muscle contraction.
- Cretinism, (Common disorders e.g., exopthalmic goitre, Addison’s disease), Arthritis, Osteoporosis.
NEET Syllabus for Chemistry
Chemistry section of NEET 2017 is a considerably easy section. Here, topics from Class XII have more weightage in NEET 2017 as compared to topics of Class XII. Candidates have to prepare the important from NEET Chemistry Syllabus mentioned below:
|Topics||Number of Questions in 10 years|
|Chemical Bonding and Molecular Structure||39|
|Aldehydes, Ketones and Carboxylic Acids||33|
|d and f Block Elements||32|
NEET Chemistry Syllabus (Class XII)
NEET Chemistry Syllabus for Clas XII includes topics from Class XII CBSE Syllabus. The important topics from class XII NEET Syllabus with maximum number of questions in NEET 2017 are given below:
- P block Elements (inorganic chemistry)
- Aldehydes, Ketones and Carboxylic Acids (organic chemistry)
- d & f Block Elements (inorganic Chemistry)
- Solutions (physical chemistry)
- Electrochemistry (physical chemistry)
- Raoult’s law, depression of freezing point, expression of concentration of solutions of solids in liquids.
- Determination of molecular masses using colligative properties abnormal molecular mass, solubility of gases in liquids, solid solutions, osmotic pressure.
- Van Hoff factor, elevation of boiling point, colligative properties- relative lowering of vapour pressure.
- Types of solutions
- Classification of solids based on different binding forces, electrical and magnetic properties, number of atoms per unit cell in a cubic unit cell, point defects.
- Unit cell in two dimensional and three dimensional lattices, semiconductors and insulators, packing in solids, molecular.
- Calculation of density of unit cell, ionic covalent and metallic solids, Band theory of metals.
- Amorphous and crystalline solids (elementary idea), conductors, packing efficiency, voids
- Fuel cells, lead accumulator, Redox reactions, dry cell- electrolytic cells.
- Galvanic cells, conductance in electrolytic solutions, EMF of a cell.
- kohlrausch’s Law, electrolysis and Laws of electrolysis (elementary idea).
- Relation between Gibbs energy change and EMF of a cell, specific and molar conductivity variation of conductivity with concentration.
- Corrosion and standard electrode potential
- Brownian movement, Adsorption-physisorption and chemisorptions, emulsions- types of emulsions.
- lyophillic, Tyndall effect, factors affecting adsorption of gases on solids, catalysis homogeneous and heterogeneous, electrophoresis.
- Properties of colloids, activity and selectivity: enzyme catalysis, coagulation.
- colloidal state: distinction between true solutions.
- lyophobic multimolecular and macromolecular colloids, colloids and suspensions
General Principles and Processes of Isolation of Elements
- Zinc and iron, oxidation.
- Reduction electrolytic method and refining, copper, occurrence and principles of extraction of aluminium.
- Principles and methods of extraction- concentration
Organic Compounds Containing Nitrogen
- Amines classification, structure, methods of preparation, physical and chemical properties, uses, chemical reactions.
- Importance in synthetic organic chemistry.
- Cyanides and Isocyanides- will be mentioned at relevant places, Diazonium salts Preparation, Amines Nomenclature.
- Identification of primary secondary and tertiary amines
- Arrhenious equation, Rate of a reaction (average and instantaneous), concentration, temperature, catalyst.
- Activation energy, order and molecularity of a reaction, integrated rate equations and half-life (only for zero and first order reactions), factors affecting rates of reaction.
- Concept of collision theory (elementary idea, no mathematical treatment),rate law and specific rate constant.
p- Block Elements
- Group 15 elements: General introduction, occurrence, oxidation states, classification of oxides, trends in physical and chemical properties.
- Halides (PCI3, PCI5), oxides of nitrogen (structure only), compounds of phosphorous: preparation and properties of phosphine.
- Oxoacids (elementary idea only), Group 16 elements, Phosphorous- allotropic forms General introduction, electronic configuration, oxidation states.
- Interhalogen compounds oxoacids of halogens (structures only), occurrence, dioxygen: preparation, properties and uses.
- Ozone, compounds of sulphur: preparation, preparation, properties and uses of sulphur dioxide.
- Sulphuric acid: industrial process of manufacture, compounds of halogens preparation, properties and uses of chlorine and hydrochloric acid, preparation and properties of ammonia and nitric acid, properties and uses,
- Group 18 elements: General introduction, electronic configuration, oxidation states, occurrence, trends in physical and chemical properties.
- Sulphur – allotropic forms, electronic configuration, trends in physical and chemical properties, occurrence, trends in physical and chemical properties, uses.
- Group 17 elements: General introduction, oxoacids of sulphur (structures only)
d and f Block Elements
- General introduction, oxidation states , oxidation states and comparison with lanthanoids, electronic configuration, interstitial compounds.
- General trends in properties of the first row transition metals- metallic character, Preparation and properties of K2Cr2O7 and KMnO4, colour, magnetic properties.
- Ionization enthalpy, Lanthanoids- electronic configuration, oxidation states, chemical reactivity, and lanthanoid contraction and its consequences.
- Characteristics of transition metals, catalytic property, Actinoids Electronic configuration, alloy formation , ionic radii
- Coordination compounds
- Werner’s theory VBT, Introduction, colour, magnetic properties and shapes.
- Importance of coordination compounds (in qualitative analysis, biological systems).
- IUPAC nomenclature of mononuclear coordination compounds, isomerism (structural and stereo) bonding, CFT, ligands, coordination number
Alcohols, Phenols and Ethers
- Phenols Nomenclature, Alcohols Nomenclature, physical and chemical properties (of primary alcohols only).
- Secondary and tertiary alcohols, uses with special reference to methanol and ethanol, physical and chemical properties.
- Uses of phenols, methods of preparation, physical and chemical properties uses.
- Ethers Nomenclature, electrophillic substitution reactions, mechanism of dehydration, acidic nature of phenol, methods of preparation.
- Identification of primary alcohols , methods of preparation
Haloalkanes and Haloarenes
- Haloalkanes, nature of C –X bond, mechanism of substitution reactions, trichloromethane, tetrachloromethane.
- Uses and environment effects of – dichloromethane, iodoform, DDT, Optical rotation, Haloarenes, freons , Nomenclature.
- Nature of C-X bond, physical and chemical properties.
- substitution reactions (directive influence of halogen for monosubstituted compounds only)
Aldehydes, Ketones and Carboxylic Acids
- Carboxylic Acids Nomenclature, reactivity of alpha hydrogen in aldehydes, acidic nature.
- Methods of preparation, physical and chemical properties, uses, physical and chemical properties, uses and nature of carbonyl group.
- Aldehydes and Ketones Nomenclature.
- Methods of preparation of carbonyl group, mechanism of nucleophilic addition.
Chemistry in Everyday Life
- Disinfectants, antifertility drugs, antibiotics, antacids, antihistamines, artificial sweetening agents.
- Chemicals in medicines- analgesics, tranquilizers, Chemicals in food- preservatives, antimicrobials.
- Elementary idea of antioxidants, antiseptics.
- Cleansing agents- soaps and detergents, cleansing action
- Methods of polymerization (addition and condensation, Bakelite, rubber, Biodegradable and non-biodegradable polymers.
- Some important polymers natural and synthetic like polyesters.
- Classification- Natural and synthetic, copolymerization
- Hormones - Elementary idea (excluding structure), Carbohydrates- Classification (aldoses and ketosesoligosaccharides (sucrose, lactose, maltose).
- Enzymes, peptide bond, polypeptides, proteins, primary structure, secondary structure, tertiary structure and quaternary structure (qualitative idea only), denaturation of proteins.
- D.L. configuration, Vitamins- Classification and function.
- Nucleic Acids: DNA and RNA, monosaccharide (glucose and fructose).
- Proteins- Elementary idea of – amino acids, polysaccharides (starch, cellulose, glycogen) importance.
NEET Chemistry Syllabus (Class 11)
Chemistry section in NEET 2017 includes topics from class XI CBSE syllabus. Candidates have to prepare all the basics of these topics from NCERT and various reference books available for NEET Preparation. The important topics from class XI syllabus are given below:
- Chemical Bonding and Molecular Structure
Some Basic Concepts of Chemistry
- General Introduction, stoichiometry and calculations based on stoichiometry, Mole concept and molar mass.
- Dalton’s atomic theory, concept of elements, Laws of chemical combination, chemical reactions, Important and scope of chemistry.
- Atomic and molecular masses, percentage composition and empirical and molecular formula, atoms and molecules
Structure of Atom
- Rules for filling electrons in orbitals- Aufbau principle, isotopes and isobars, Atomic number.
- Concept of shells and subshells, de Broglie’s relationship, Heisenberg uncertainty principle.
- Pauli exclusion principles and Hund’s rule, concept of orbital, dual nature of matter and light, electronic configuration of atoms.
- Quantum numbers, shapes of s,p and d orbitals, stability of half-filled and completely filled orbitals.
- Third law of thermodynamics- Brief introduction, phase transition, measurement of U and H.
- First law of thermodynamics-internal energy and enthalpy, heat capacity and specific heat, Hess’s law of constant heat summation.
- Gibbs energy change for spontaneous and nonspontaneous process, atomization, enthalpy of : bond dissociation, combustion, formation, ionization, solution and dilution.
- Introduction of entropy as state function, sublimation, Second law of thermodynamics, criteria for equilibrium and spontaneity
Classification of Elements and Periodicity in Properties
- Electron gain enthalpy
- Modern periodic law and long form of periodic table, valence, ionic radii, ionization enthalpy.
- Periodic trends in properties of elements- atomic radii.
Chemical Bonding and Molecular Structure
- Valence electrons, Chemical Bonding and Molecular Structure, Lewis structure, Valence electrons, covalent bond, bond parameters.
- Lewis structure, polar character of covalent bond, VSEPR theory, polar character of covalent bond, valence bond theory, ionic bond, resonance, geometry of molecules, resonance.
- Concept of hybridization involving s, p and d orbitals and shapes of some simple molecules, geometry of molecules, concept of hybridization involving s, p and d orbitals and shapes of some simple molecules.
- Hydrogen bond, molecular orbital theory of homonuclear diatomic molecules (qualitative idea only) ,Hydrogen bond ,covalent bond, bond parameters, valence bond theory.
- VSEPR theory, molecular orbital theory of homonuclear diatomic molecules (qualitative idea only)
States of Matter: Gases and Liquids
- Viscosity and surface tension (qualitative idea only, no mathematical derivations).
- Three states of matter, empirical derivation of gas equation, Avogadro’s law, critical temperature, melting and boiling points, ideal gas equation, intermolecular interactions, deviation from ideal behaviour.
- Charles law, liquefaction of gases, types of bonding, Boyle’s law, Gay Lussac’s law, role of gas laws of elucidating the concept of the molecule, Avogadro number,ideal behaviour of gases
- Kinetic energy and molecular speeds (elementary idea), Liquid State- Vapour pressure
- Redox reactions oxidation number
- Balancing redox reactions in terms of loss and gain of electron and change in oxidation numbers.
- Concept of oxidation and oxidation and reduction.
- Equilibrium in physical and chemical processes, solubility product, Hydrolysis of salts (elementary idea), dynamic nature of equilibrium.
- Law of chemical equilibrium, common ion effect (with illustrative examples), factors affecting equilibrium-Le Chatelier’s principle , concept of pH.
- Henderson equation, equilibrium constant, dynamic nature of equilibrium, law of chemical equilibrium, equilibrium constant, ionic equilibrium- ionization of acids and bases, strong and weak electrolytes.
- Degree of ionization, ionization of polybasic acids, acid strength, concept of Ph, ionic equilibrium- ionization of acids and bases, strong and weak electrolytes.
- Degree of ionization, ionization of polybasic acids, acid strength, buffer solutions.
s-Block Elements (Alkali and Alkaline earth metals)
- Biological ,Group I and group 2 elements, hydrogencarbonate ,General introduction, electronic configuration, occurrence, anomalous properties of the first element of each group
- Sodium hydroxide and sodium, diagonal relationship, Industrial use of lime and limestone, biological importance of Mg and Ca, trends in the variation of properties (such as ionization enthalpy, atomic and ionic radii), water.
- Importance of sodium and potassium, hydrogen and halogens; uses, Preparation and Properties of Some important Compounds.
- Trends in chemical reactivity with oxygen, Sodium carbonate, sodium chloride.
- Occurrence, uses and structure, isotopes, preparation, properties and uses of hydrogen.
- Hydrides-ionic, covalent and interstitial, reactions.
- Physical and chemical properties of water, hydrogen peroxide-preparation, heavy water.
Organic Chemistry- Some Basic Principles and Techniques
- Methods of purification qualitative and quantitative analysis, electrophiles and nucleophiles, Electronic displacements in a covalent bond: inductive effect.
- Types of organic reactions, resonance and hyperconjugation.
- Carbocations, Homolytic and heterolytic fission of a covalent bond: free radials, electromeric effect.
- Classification and IUPAC nomenclature of organic compounds, carbanions, General introduction.
Some p-Block Elements
- Carbon, General Introduction to p-Block Elements, silicones, physical and chemical properties: uses of some important compounds, anomalous behaviour of first element, electronic configuration.
- Occurrence, variation of properties, Group 13 elements: General introduction, trends in chemical reactivity, anomalous properties of first element of the group.
- Boron, some important compounds: borax, boric acids, boron hydrides, Aluminium: uses, reactions with acids and alkalies, silicates and zeolites.
- General 14 elements: electronic configuration, General introduction, occurrence, variation of properties, trends in chemical reactivity, allotropic forms, oxides.
- Important compounds of silicon and a few uses: silicon tetrachloride, their uses, oxidation states.
- Strategy for control of environmental pollution, Environmental pollution, greenhouse effect and global warming.
- Air pollution due to industrial wastes , chemical reactions in atmosphere, effects of depletion of ozone layer, water and soil pollution, smogs, acid rain ozone and its reactions.
- Green chemistry as an alternative tool for reducing pollution, major atmospheric pollutants
- Geometrical isomerism, Alkanes- Nomenclature, Alkynes-Nomenclature, isomerism, conformations (ethane only).
- Physical properties, chemical reactions including free radical mechanism of halogenation, Alkanes-Nomenclature, water, aromaticity, physical properties, ozonolysis, structure of double bond (ethene), methods of preparation: chemical reactions: addition of hydrogen.
- Halogen, physical properties, IUPAC nomenclature, hydrogen halides and water, hydrogen halides (Markovnikov’s addition and peroxide effect), carcinogenicity and toxicity.
- Friedel Craft’s alkylation and acylation, Benzene, mechanism of electrophilic substitution- Nitration sulphonation , structure of triple bond (ethyne), chemical reactions: acidic character of alkynes, oxidation, methods of preparation, addition reaction of- hydrogen.
- Halogenation , directive influence of functional group in monosubstituted benzene, halogens.
- Aromatic hydrocarbons- Introduction, resonance, chemical properties, mechanism of electrophilic addition combustion and pyrolysis