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CLAT Exam Pattern and Syllabus 2017

CLAT Exam Pattern 2017 for both the Programmes i.e. LL.B. and LL.M. is different. CLAT 2017 is scheduled on May 14, 2017. For LL.B. Programme, CLAT question paper will comprise of 5 sections namely English, General Knowledge & Current affairs, Elementary Mathematics, Legal Aptitude and Logical reasoning. For LL.M., candidates are evaluated in 5 areas namely Constitutional Law, Jurisprudence and topics such as Contracts, Torts, Criminal Law, International Law etc. 150 questions are asked from these sections. 

Candidates should have a clear understanding of CLAT Exam Pattern 2017. This will help them to know about the CLAT Syllabus, duration of exam and types of question coming in CLAT 2017.

CLAT 2017CLAT 2017 Sample PapersCLAT SyllabusCLAT 2017 Cutoff

What is the CLAT Exam Pattern 2017?

CNLU (Chanakya National Law University, Patna) will conduct CLAT (Common Law Admission Test) 2017. The law entrance exam by CNLU Patna will be conducted in an online mode. The national level exam for both the programmes will be of 2 hours (120 minutes). The Questions type in the law entrance exam will be objective (MCQs) in nature and for every wrong answer, 0.25 marks will be deducted. Given below is an overview of CLAT 2017 Exam Pattern.

CLAT Exam Pattern 2017 Overview
Exam ModeOnline (CBT- Computer Based Test)
Time Duration of CLAT 20172 Hours (120 minutes)
Questions TypeObjective Type (MCQs)
Negative Marking0.25 marks for each wrong answer

CLAT is a law entrance exam for candidates seeking admission in LL.B. and LL.M. courses offered by the 18 NLUs across India. As the courses are of UG and PG level, the pattern and the subjects will also be different. Given below is a detailed CLAT Exam Pattern for both of the Programmes.

CLAT 2017 Exam Pattern for LL.B.

The law entrance exam’s pattern for LL.B. Programme (UG level) will consist of 5 sections- 

  • English (Comprehension),
  • General Knowledge & Current Affairs,
  • Elementary Mathematics (Numerical Ability),
  • Legal Aptitude and
  • Logical Reasoning.

‚ÄčThe exam will be conducted in an Online mode and the language in which the questions are to be attempted is English. Each question will be of 1 mark and there will be a negative marking also. Given below is the exam pattern for LL.B. programme.

CLAT 2017 (LL.B.) Highlights
Maximum Marks200
Duration of CLAT 2017 Exam2 Hours (120 minutes)
Questions Type & NumbersMCQs & 200 questions
Negative Marking0.25 marks for each wrong answer

As the total number of questions are 200, each section has a set number of questions. Given below is the section wise distribution in the CLAT Exam for LL.B. programme.

Section wise Questions Distribution for LL.B.

Candidates can go through the table given below to know the distribution of question in CLAT 2017 for LL.B. programme. The section-wise distribution in the question paper is:

CLAT 2017 Sections (LL.B.)No. of Questions
English (including comprehension)40
General Knowledge & Current Affairs50
Elementary Mathematics (Numerical Ability)20
Legal Aptitude50
Logical Reasoning40

CLAT Syllabus for UG Course

The CLAT Syllabus for the Undergraduate programme covers questions from General Knowledge & Current Affairs, Legal Aptitude, English, Mathematics, Logical Reasoning. The GK and Legal Aptitude section will carry the highest weightage in the law entrance exam. The details regarding each course in order of their weightage is provided below for the reference of students:

In General Knowledge & Current Affairs: This section will include questions from both General Knowledge as well as Current Affairs. The questions on general knowledge will test the knowledge of candidates on some of the prominent aspects of general knowledge. The Current Affairs section will include questions on some of the important topics of national and international affairs. The syllabus is usually very vast and varied for this section. Some of the frequently asked topics are mentioned below for reference: Outline of Indian Economy, National Income of India, Indian Tax Structure, Major Industries in India and Banking & Finance etc.

Know How to Prepare for GK Section?

In Legal Aptitude: This section will test the candidates’ ability and interest towards understanding and solving issues of legal nature. They will have to apply their research aptitude and reasoning to solve various legal propositions. This section would cover: Legal fundamentals and terms, Legal Maxims and Important Landmarks, Supreme Court Judgments.

Know How to Prepare for Legal Aptitude?

In English including comprehension: This section aims to test the grammatical knowledge of candidates. The questions will focus on making corrections in sentences that are grammatically incorrect, filling the blanks in sentences with suitable words, jumbled sentences, idioms and phrases,etc. It will also include passage of approximately 300-400 words and candidates will have to answer questions based on the main theme of the passage as well as some of the key words present in the passage. Some of the important topics to be covered under this are: Comprehension Passages, Subject-Verb Agreement, Noun, Pronoun, Adjective and Determinants, Adverb and Active Passive Voice.

Know How to prepare for English Section?

In Logical Reasoning: The section on Logical Reasoning is aimed at checking candidate’s ability to analyze patterns and arguments. This would include a questions on syllogisms, logical sequences, analogies, etc. Candidates will have to understand various conditions set in questions and deduce correct conclusions. The important topics under this section are: Logical Puzzles, Statement Conclusions, Derivation of Conclusions, Cause & Effect Reasoning, Statements Assumptions and Statement Arguments.    

Know How to prepare for Logical Reasoning?

InMathematics (Numerical Ability): In this section, candidates will be asked to answer questions based on class 10th Mathematics syllabus (elementary mathematics). It will test candidate’s ability to be accurate and quick with numbers and calculations. The key topics in this section are: Numbers, HCF and LCM, Fractions, Logarithms, Percentage, Time & Distance and Ratio & Proportion.

Know How to prepare for Mathematics?

CLAT 2017 Exam Pattern

CLAT Syllabus

CLAT 2017 Exam Pattern for LL.M.

CLAT 2017 for PG programmes will encompass topics from Constitutional Law, Jurisprudence, Contract, Torts, Criminal Law, International Law, IPR etc. Candidates can go through the table given below to know about the exam pattern of LLM Course.

CLAT 2017 (LL.M.) Highlights
Maximum Marks150
Duration of CLAT 2017 Exam2 Hours (120 minutes)
Questions Type & NumbersMCQs & 150 questions
Negative Marking0.25 marks for each wrong answer

Section wise Questions Distribution for LLM

The question paper for post graduate courses will have a total of 150 multiple choice questions. Distribution of questions in each section is indicated in the table below:

CLAT 2017 LLM SectionsNo. of Questions
Constitutional Law50
Rest of the topics like Contract, Torts, Criminal Law, International Law, IPR etc.50

CLAT 2017 Syllabus for PG Course

Constitutional Law and Jurisprudence will both have an equal weightage of 50 marks each in the question paper while the rest of the questions will be coming from different topics like Criminal law, International Law, etc. The details regarding Constitutional law and Jurisprudence is given below for reference:

  • The subject of Constitutional Law consists of various rules, practices and doctrines that govern the functioning of a modern state and other political communities. Candidates will be asked questions based on the important concepts that they have studies in their graduation.
  • Jurisprudence in a broad sense can be called the “philosophy of law”. It can be mainly classified into three branches - analytical, sociological, and theoretical. The questions in this section will be set on the basis of the syllabus prescribed in the graduation degree course.
  • The Tort Law is comparatively a recent common law development in India based on codifying statutes including statutes related to damages. Some of the crucial tortious obligations like Negligence, Nuisance and Defamation should be revised in detail.
  • Contract can be referred to as a piece of legal document which is a mutual agreement made by two or more parties, enforceable at law. Important decisions made by Supreme Court and High Court in relation to modern day commercial activities form a very crucial part of this subject.
  • The subject of Criminal Law, also known as Penal Law is aimed at regulation of Social code of conduct and prohibition of any antisocial activity that pose a threat to the safety, property, health and moral welfare of citizens. Significant topics on principles of criminal liability and mens rea (“guilty mind” in Criminal Law) should be given special attention.
  • International Law as a subject is focused on the set of legal guidelines and contracts that govern the relations between two states or nations. International Laws can be broadly classified into Public International law, Private International Law and Supranational Law.

CLAT 2017 Exam Pattern 1

CLAT 2017 is scheduled on May 14, 2017 (3.00 PM to 5.00 PM). The exam will be conducted in online mode i.e., candidates will have to answer all questions on a computer system assigned to them at the allotted test centers. Candidates need to score good marks in CLAT 2017 as the number of applicants will be very high. In 2015, 39686 candidates had registered for CLAT while the number of candidates who actually appeared for the exam were 37358. Therefore, all the aspirants should go through the CLAT 2017 exam pattern very carefully in order to familiarize themselves with the types of questions, different sections in question paper and scoring pattern.

CLAT 2017 Preparation Tips

CLAT is a top most competative law entrance exam and it requires a thorough revision of all the topics. There is no right time to start for the exam, but it is always better to start as soon as you decide to sit for the exam. Hence, it becomes important for a candidate to prepare a schedule, know from where all they should study for CLAT or the papers from where they can check their progress.

CLAT Practice PapersCLAT SyllabusCLAT Preparations

It is very important for a candidate to study according to the Latest CLAT Syllabus. Now is the time to focus on subjects on which you already have a strong grasp. CLAT 2017 aspirants should solve previous year question papers as they help candidates to know about the level or type of questions asked in the exam. The candidates are required to keep a track of the current events that are going on and read at least 3 English Newspapers. Reading newspapers helps in improving Vocabulary and General Awareness.

Time management is also very important for the candidates. They need to divide their time in such a way that can revise all the important topics, read newspapers or magazines and solve mock test or previous years question papers. CLAT 2017 Exam Pattern is such that candidates have to answer objective type of questions in 2 hours duration of time. Selective study at this point of time is very important for a candidate.

You can refer following books to prepare for CLAT 2017:

Name of the BookAuthorSubject
Word Power Made EasyNorman LewisEnglish
Objective General English R. S. Aggarwal
Quantitative Aptitude For Competitive Examinations R. S. AggarwalMathematics
Quantitative Aptitude For Competitive Exam 5Th Edition Abhijit Guha
Legal Aptitude For The CLAT - Workbook: A Workbook by A.P. BhardwajLegal Aptitude
A Modern Approach To Logical ReasoningR. S. AggarwalLogical Reasoning
Analytical ReasoningM K Pandey
Manorama Yearbook 2015 (English) 50th EditionMammen MathewGeneral Knowledge
Quick Reference General KnowledgeEdgar Thorpe

CLAT 2016 Paper Analysis

CLAT 2016 is successfully conducted on May 8, 2016. for both UG & PG Courses. CLAT Result was declared on May 23, 2016. The question paper was similar to previous year pattern comprising of following section wise distribution:-

SectionNumber of QuestionsGood AttemptsGood ScoreDifficulty Level
English4038 and above33 and aboveEasy
General  Knowledge5045 and above40 and aboveModerate
Elementary Mathematics2012 and above10 and aboveModerate
Legal Aptitude5044 and above40 and aboveEasy- Moderate
Logical Reasoning4035 and above33 and aboveEasy – Moderate

Lets now discuss section wise analysis of CLAT 2016 :-

English Section

This section was one of the easiest section. Whole of English section was divided into 4 types of questions. It includes 1 comprehension passage with 10 questions based on it, Identifying Grammatical error in questions, Questions on idioms, migratory words and spelling mistakes and some vocabulary based questions.

General Knowledge Section

In this section 35 questions were based on Current Affairs and 15 questions were General Awareness based. A surprising element was a question was asked from an event occured on May 6, 2016 which is  just 2 days before the exam.

Legal Aptitude Section

15 questions out from 50 were quite easy to attempt. There were questions from contracts, torts and other type of law questions. Over all students felt the questions were did not required any  prior knowledge to solve this section

Logical Reasoning

In this section 23 questions were of verbal type and 17 questions were from Analytical part. In most of the questions 2 options were such that it was easily decodable that they are not the correct option. So students have to choose answer only from 2 options.


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